Nrisimha, aka: Nṛsiṃha, Nri-simha; 12 Definition(s)


Nrisimha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nṛsiṃha can be transliterated into English as Nrsimha or Nrisimha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Nrisimha in Purana glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

The Nrisimha stone is elevated on the breast, is of a twany colour, and is dotted with fine spots.

Source: The Garuda puranam

Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह).—(Nṛhari and Narahari Narasimham (s.v.) half man and half lion avatār of Viṣṇu, worshipped as such in Harivarṣa;1 came out of a post which Hiraṇyakaśipu knocked with his fist; a description of his form and how he killed the demon;2 still his anger was not appeased; praised by Brahmā, Rudra, Indra, Sages, Pitṛs, Siddhas, Vidyādharas, Nāgas, progenitors, Gandharvas, Cāraṇas, Yakṣas, Kimpuruṣas, Vaitālikas, Kinnaras, and Viṣṇu's attendants;3 Śrī was afraid to go near him;4 at the request of the Gods Prahlāda praised the God for the welfare of the universe; offered boons to Prahlāda and advised him to rule his father's kingdom with his mind devoted to Hari until the time came for him to cast off his body;5 Brahmā's praise of the Lord's disappearance.6 God incarnate of Viṣṇu remembered by Śiva for vanquishing mātṛgaṇa;7 created from out of his limbs a number of goddesses who overcame the Rudra, mātṛgaṇas and were blessed with divinity.8

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 14; V. 18. 7-14; VII. 8. 15-16; X. 2. 40; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 5. 16.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 8. 15-31; XI. 4. 19.
  • 3) Ib. VII. 8. 34 and 40-56.
  • 4) Ib. VII. 9. 2.
  • 5) Ib. V. 18. 7-14; VI. 8. 14; VII. 9 (whole); 10. 11-14.
  • 6) Ib. VII. 10. 26-31; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 33. 26.
  • 7) Matsya-purāṇa 179. 44-52, 76.
  • 8) Ib. 245. 21.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह, “Man-lion form”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. The meaning of this title is “The one who assumes the celestial man-lion form”. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Vidyutā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह) or Narasiṃha refers to one of the various Vibhava manifestations according to the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.265-267.—Accordingly, “Lord Nārasiṃha, of a complexion of heated gold, is to be meditated upon. He is surrounded by the sparks of blazing fire rising from His body. He bears the discus and conch. He has a huge body and is very frightful. He is offering, with both hands resplendent with the rows of nails in His good hand, the supreme position with security to those who lead a regulated life”.

These Vibhavas (eg., Nṛsiṃha) represent the third of the five-fold manifestation of the Supreme Consciousness the Pāñcarātrins believe in. Note: Nṛsiṃha is represented in several forms in the ancient texts like Viṣṇu-purāṇa and Bhāgavata and also in the Pāñcarātra texts like Hayaśīrṣasaṃhitā, Viṣṇutantra XVII.3b (white in complexion), seated or standing with more weapons, with sixteen hands holding several weapons (Padmasaṃhitā Kriyā XVII.22-41a), with a tail (ĪS IV.74b-75a), with three eyes and a Yogic posture (Pārāśara XV.160); seventy-four idols of various descriptions are mentioned (Vihagendrasaṃhitā IV.7-17a). The Vaikhānasa-āgama classifies Narasiṃha as issuing out of the hill and from the pillar. Sudarśana and Narasiṃha are combined in the same idol.

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 1
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Nrisimha in Katha glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह).—One of the incarnations of Viṣṇu.—In the Nṛsiṃha incarnation, Prahlāda was rescued from his father, Hiraṇyakaśipu, whose chest was torn assunder by sharp nails.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Nrisimha in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह, “man-lion”) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the ten incarnations of Viṣṇu. This incarnation appeared in the satyayuga. Viṣṇu is the name of a major Hindu deity and forms part of the trinity of supreme divinity (trimūrti) together with Brahmā and Śiva. They are seen as the cosmic personifications of creation (brahmā), maintenance (viṣṇu), and destruction (śiva).

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह).—The Man-Lion incarnation of the Lord appears in various modes of action such as Emergence from the pillar, fight with Hiraṇya, Slaughter of Hiraṇya, Yoga Nrsiṃha (seated alone), Lakṣmī-Nṛsiṃha (seated with Lakṣmī) and a rare form called Aṣṭamukhagaṇḍabheruṇḍa-Nṛsiṃha. Nrsimha is the furious (ugra) aspect of Viṣṇu.

Source: Shodhganga: Historical setting of the vaisnava divyaksetras in the southern pandya country

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह) is another name for Puruṣasiṃha: the fifth Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The parents of as Nṛsiṃha are known as king Śiva and queen Ammayā whose stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

The nine Vāsudevas (such as Nṛsiṃha) are also known as Nārāyaṇas or Viṣṇus and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Vāsudeva is described as follows: their body is of a dark-blue complexion, they wear a yellow robe made of silk, and they bear the śrīvatsa on their chest.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Nrisimha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह).—& nṛsiṃhajayantī S See the common form narasiṃha & narasiṃhajayantī.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह).—

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nrisimha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह).—

1) 'a lion-like man' a chief among men, an eminent or distinguished man.

2) Viṣṇu in his fourth incarnation; अस्त्राण्यमोघमहिमानि निरूपितानि नो पस्पृशुर्नृहरिदास- मिवासुराणि (astrāṇyamoghamahimāni nirūpitāni no paspṛśurnṛharidāsa- mivāsurāṇi) Bhāg.1.15.16; cf. नरसिंह (narasiṃha).

3) a particular mode of sexual enjoyment. °चतुर्दशी (caturdaśī) fourteenth day of the bright half of Vaiśākha. °द्वादशी (dvādaśī) the twelfth day of the light half of Phālguna. °पुराणम् (purāṇam) Name of an उपपुराण (upapurāṇa).

Derivable forms: nṛsiṃhaḥ (नृसिंहः).

Nṛsiṃha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nṛ and siṃha (सिंह). See also (synonyms): nṛhari.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nṛsiṃha (नृसिंह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Vishnu. 2. The fourth Avatara or descent of that deity, in the shape of a man, with the head and claws of a lion. 3. A chief, a noble, a great or illustrious man, a great man. E. nṛ a man, and siṃha a lion; applied in composition, also to signify preeminence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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