Vijayabahu, Vijayabāhu: 2 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vijayabahu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Vijayabahu in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Vijayabahu. King of Ceylon (Vijayabahu I., 1059-1114 A.C.). His earlier name was Kitti; his parents were Moggallana and Lokita (Cv.lvii.42f.; but see Cv.Trs.i.201, n.1), and from his thirtieth year he lived in Mulasala. Later, without the knowledge of his parents, he left home, defeated the general Loka, and became Adipada of Malaya after bringing this province under his power. At the age of sixteen he defeated Kassapa, chief of the Kesadhatus, and became ruler of Rohana as well, assuming the title of Yuvaraja and the name of Vijayabahu. At this time the Colas were in possession of the government at Pulatthipura, and they made efforts to stem the advance of Vijayabahu. They were at first successful, owing to the disunion among the Singhalese themselves, but Vijayabahu conquered the Cola armies near Palutthapabbata and marched to Pulatthipura. He was helped by forces sent by the king of Ramanna, to whom he sent an embassy with various presents. He had, however, to bide his time, and retreated to Vatagiri. From there he went, in due course, to Mahanagahula, his officers having, in the meantime, crushed all opposition in Dakkhinadesa and captured the province of Anuradhapura and the district round Mahatittha. When he felt the right moment had arrived, Vijayabahu marched once more to Pulatthipura and captured it after a siege of one and a half months. From there he advanced to Anuradhapura, spent three months in the city and returned to Pulatthipura. This was fifteen years after he became Yuvaraja. In the eighteenth year he crowned himself king, under the title of Sirisanghabodhi, making his younger brother Virabahu Yuvaraja and governor of Dakkhinadesa, and his other brother, Jayabahu, Adipada and governor of Rohana. The king had several queens, among whom was Lilavati, a Cola princess and daughter of Jagatipala; by her he had a daughter Yasodhara. Another of his queens was a Kalinga princess, Tilokasundari, by whom he had five daughters Subhadda, Sumitta, Lokanatha, Ratanavali and Rupavati and a son called Vikkamabahu. Vijayabahu gave his younger sister, Mitta, in marriage to the king of Pandu, refusing an offer of marriage made by the Cola king.

When peace had been established, Vijayabahu sent messengers to Anuruddha, king of Ramanna, and fetched monks from that country to help in the reformation of the Sangha in Ceylon. He gave over the whole district of Alisara for the use of the monks and built many viharas. He translated the Dhammasangani and held an annual Dandissara offering. He also had the Tipitaka copied, and presented the copies to various monks. Because the Singhalese envoys sent to Kannata were insulted and maimed, the king prepared to send a punitive expedition to Cola, but the Velakkara troops revolted, captured Mitta and her children, and burned the kings palace.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vijayabahu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vijayabāhu (विजयबाहु):—[=vijaya-bāhu] [from vi-jaya > vi-ji] m. Name of a king, [Buddhist literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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