Shakti, aka: Śakti, Śaktī; 31 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shakti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śakti and Śaktī can be transliterated into English as Sakti or Shakti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

At the end of an aeonic destruction, (saṃhāra) for the purpose of creating the śuddha-tattvas, the suddha-bhuvanas, and for the removal of dirt (mala) from Yogis, five Saktis evolve as follows:

when Śiva in his boundless mercy wills,

a thousandth part of his self emerges out of him as (1) Parāśakti;
from a thousandth part of this Parāśakti comes out (2) Ādiśakti,
a thousandth part of Ādi-śakti gives rise to (3) Icchāśakti;
from this latter are produced in a similar manner (4) Jñānaśakti and (5) Kṛyāśakti.

These five Śaktis are also known as

  1. Parāśakti (also known as Śāntyātītaśakti), 
  2. Ādiśakti (also known as Śāntiśakti), 
  3. Icchāśakti (also known as Vidyāśakti), 
  4. Jñānaśakti (also known as Pratiṣṭhāśakti), 
  5. Kṛyāśakti (also known as Nivṛttiśakti).

From the five Śaktis mentioned just now appear the five different Sadāśiva-tatvas.

  1. Śivasādākhya, from a tenth part of Parāśakti, (also known as Sadāśiva),
  2. Amūrttasādākhya, from a tenth part of Ādiśakti, (also known as Īśāna),
  3. Mūrttasādākhya, from a tenth part of Icchāśakti, (also known as Brahmā),
  4. Kartṛsādākhya , from a tenth part of Jñānaśakti, (also known as Īśvara),
  5. Karmasādākhya, from a tenth part of Kṛyāśakti, (also known as Īśāna);

Each one of these tatvas is dependent upon its immediate predecessor.

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Śakti is the name applied to the spear. It consists of a metallic piece, either quadrangular or elliptical in shape, with a socket into which a long wooden handle is fixed.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Like Śiva, his Śakti is also extremely complex. The Śakti of Śiva is depicted under three main aspects:—

  1. a creative, active aspect called simply Śakti (“Energy”),
  2. an abiding, peaceful, spatial aspect named Pārvatī (“the daughter of the mountain”, i.e., Ether personified),
  3. and a destructive time aspect known as the Kālī (“power of time”).

When Śakti, which is also the Vimarśa (“power to think”), unites with the Lord of sleep (Svapneśvarī ?), a state of agitation, or unrest (unmana) arises, from which projection of the universe springs forth.

When Śakti separates herself and remains aloof from him, a state of perfect quiescence or harmonization occurs (samana), in which the world dissolves.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Devi

Śakti (शक्ति) refers to the “spear” or “ornamental blade”, and represents one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Śakti is the name applied to the spear. It consists of a metallic piece, either quadrangular or elliptical in shape, with a socket into which a long wooden handle is fixed.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Śakti (शक्ति) or Śaktimudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 36-38.—Accordingly, “the fingers, in the left hand, lying on their back and remaining separately and stretched out, are to be bent down, so that the thumb could be like a bridge from the edge, could face in the fingers clinging to the middle. This shall be formed to face the heart and it is śaktimudrā offering pleasure. Understand this in the case of Śrī and other beginning from the forefinger to the little finger”.

Mūdra (eg., Śakti-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Śakti (Energy) this is the potency or the ability to become the material cause of the universe as well as the efficient cause. This guṇa is also defined as the "accomplishing of the non accomplished" i.e. the ability to produce something, the cause of which can not be accounted for by empirical methods.

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shakti in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śakti (शक्ति, “Spear”):—The word śakti meaning ‘spear’ is found in the Ṛgveda. Kauṭilya defines it as a weapon provided with edges like a ploughshare. In the Mahābhārata ‘śakti’ means a spear or a javelin particularly used as an adjunct to the bow by the warrior in the chariot. There it does not essentially belong to the knight’s furnishings. The Vāyu-purāṇa associates śakti only with Kārtikeya.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1) Śakti (शक्ति).—General. Son of Vasiṣṭha by Arundhatī. He was the first-born among the hundred sons of Vasiṣṭha. Kalmāṣapāda, the Rākṣasa captured and ate Śakti and his pregnant wife Adṛśyantī spent her days in great grief with Vasiṣṭha. Parāśaramuni, father of Vyāsa, was Adṛśyantī’s son. (For details see under (Adṛśyantī). Other information

(i) It was Śiva, who incarnated himself as the son of Vasiṣṭha.

(ii) Gopāyana, Bharadvāja, Āpastamba and Arṇodara belong to the line of disciples of Śakti. (Vāmana Purāṇa, Chapter 6). (See full article at Story of Śakti from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Śakti (शक्ति).—The weapon of Subrahmaṇya is called Śakti, and it was made by Viśvakarman. Viśvakarman once grilled Sūrya (sun) on his machine and reduced his glow. The glow thus released by Viśvakarman fell on the earth and Viśvakarman made with that glow the cakra (disc) of Viṣṇu, the triśūla (trident) of Siva the Puṣpaka, aerial chariot of Kubera and the Śakti of Subrahmaṇya. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 3, Chapter 2).

3) Śakti (शक्ति).—The sound 'Ś' means welfare or prosperity and 'kti' prowess. Therefore Śakti means she, who is the embodiment of prosperity and prowess or she, who grants prosperity and prowess. The definition of 'Bhagavatī' is, she who combines in herself knowledge affluence, wealth, reputation, power and the female organ. Therefore the word 'Śakti' may be taken to mean Bhagavatī and Pārvatī, and what are termed as Bhagavatī, Śakti, Devī, Ambikā, Pārvatī etc. are the manifestations of Śakti, Śiva’s spouse. This Śakti exists fractionally in all Devas. When, once upon a time the devāsura war broke out the Śaktis of Devas like Brahmā emerged to help Caṇḍikā. The vehicle, ornaments, weapon etc. of each Deva, his Devī also possessed. The Śaktis (Devīs) of the Devas appeared in the following manner. Brahmāṇī, wife of Brahmā, rode on the swan wearing beads around her neck and holding the water-vessel in her hands. She was followed by Vaiṣṇavī Viṣṇu’s Śakti on Garuḍa wearing yellow clothes and with the conch, disc, lotus etc. in her hands. Śāṅkarī Śiva’s Śakti rode on the ox with the crescent moon and serpents as ornaments and holding in her hands the Śūla. 'Kaumārī', Subrahmaṇya’s Śakti rode on Airāvata with śūla in hands. The Śakti called 'Vārāhī in the form of a great boar rode carrying a corpse, Nārasiṃhī' Śakti took the form of narasiṃha (half man and half lion). Yāmyā, Yama’s śakti, rode on buffalo holding in her hands a long stick. Śaktis called Kauberī and Vāruṇī took their respective forms and in this manner all the Śaktis came to the help of Devī. This sight pleased not only the Devas, but the mother of the universe also. Along with them incarnated on earth Śaṃkara, who gives 'śaṃ' (happiness) to the world and blessed Caṇḍikā on the battle-field (Devī Bhāgavata, 5th and 9th Skandhas).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Śakti (शक्ति).—(Śaktri, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) the eldest of the 100 sons of Vasiṣṭha and Arundhatī. Father of Parāśara through Adṛśyanti;1 a sage by tapas; a Vedavyāsa. Heard the vāyu purāṇa from Dakṣa and narrated it to Parāśara in embryo;2 a resident of Brahmakṣetra;3 cursed king Kalmāṣapāda in Naimiṣa.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 41; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 1. 9; III. 8. 91; 36. 6; Matsya-purāṇa 201. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 174; 70. 83.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32; 99 and 115; 35. 124; IV. 4. 65; Matsya-purāṇa 196. 26; Vāyu-purāṇa 103. 65.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 91, 105.
  • 4) Ib. 2. 10-11.

1b) The principle identified with Śiva;1 urges creation by Brahmā.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 6. 43.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 47.

1c) As a daughter of Vasiṣṭha and Arundhatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 10.

1d) (Parāśakti): the Goddess as potency in all creatures; by worshipping her in any manner one gets salvation;1 by worshipping her Śiva became Ardhanārīśvara; as also other Gods like Brahmā; known as Tripurā;2 mind-born daughter of Brahmā by name Prakṛti; was born during the course of the churning of the ocean; known also as Bhagavatī and Māyā; angry at not getting a share in the yajña of Yuvanāśva but appeased by Brahmā that she may be propitiated with paśu offerings.3 A number of Śaktis mounted on cuckoos, swans, mungooses followed Lalitā's army.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 53.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 5. 29.
  • 3) Ib. IV. 6. 6, 53, 67.
  • 4) Ib. IV. 17. 23.

1e) The tula or balance of scale, addressed as.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 274. 59.

1f) The name of Vyāsa in the 25th (27th, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) Dvāpara; Muṇḍīśvara avatār of the lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 208; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 18.

1g) A resident of Brahmakṣetra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 105.

1h) An Ajitadeva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 34.

1i) The wife of Gods generally.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 59.

1j) Of Viṣṇu; is Pradhāna puruṣātmaka; this energy separates at the deluge and unites at the time of creation;1 something like fire in wood or oil in sesamum; from Pradhāna germinate intellect and rudiments of things and from them Asuras;2 Pradhāna compared to a tree; Viṣṇu is mūla-prakṛti or the primary nature in whom all beings exist and all finally immerse;3 is three-fold made up of the three energies of Hari.4

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 7. 31-2.
  • 2) Ib. II. 7. 33-9.
  • 3) Ib. II. 7. 42-3.
  • 4) Ib. VI. 8. 7.

1k) Of Guha, created by Viśvakarma from the Vaiṣṇava effulgence of Sūrya.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2-12.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

1) Śaktī (शक्ती):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Ananta (emanation of Ananta himself, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

2) Śaktī (शक्ती):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Mudreśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Śakti (शक्ति).—For the benefit of the world Śiva conceives a spontaneous idea, which results in the manifestation of śakti from his one-thousandth part. Then comes Parā-śakti, Ādi-śakti, Icchā-śakti and Kriyā-śakti, each succeeding from the 1/1000 part of the preceeding one. All these śaktis are niṣkala. This is Śivasṛṣṭi.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Śakti (शक्ति) or Śivakāmi refers to the wife of Śiva. The primal energy is called puruṣa or Śiva and the prakṛti or nature is called Śakti. Thus, it is believed that the creation of the universe takes place when Śiva and Śakti unite.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (shaivism)
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Śakti (शक्ति) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in warfare, referring to the “strength” (of the king). It is supposed to be of threefold:

  1. prabhu (power, control),
  2. mantra (counsel),
  3. utsāha (energy).

The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Nītiprakāśikā 8.86)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Śakti (शक्ति, “placation”) refers to ‘powerful placation’ of one who is angry. Śakti represents one of the thirteen vimarśasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Vimarśasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the pause part (vimarśa)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

2) Śakti (शक्ति, “placation”) refers to a “spear”, a weapon which should measure should measure eight tālas (unit of measurement), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. In dramatic plays, weapons such as śakti should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons engaged in a fight, angry conflict or siege. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śakti (शक्ति).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘pause segment’ (vimarśasandhi);—(Description:) Coming into conflict [with anyone] is called Strength (śakti).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Śakti (शक्ति) refers to “inborn intuitive intellectual power” according to Ācārya Rudraṭa.—He is of opinion that śakti, vyutpatti (an accomplishment in the knowledge of scriptures and literary works) and abhyāsa (constant practice) are the causal factors of poetry (kāvya). Mammaṭa, the author of Kāvyaprakāśa, has said that pratibhā which he terms as śakti is the kavitvabīja or the basic element of poetry.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Śakti (शक्ति, “power”) refers to the third of nine aṃśa (part), according to the Mānasāra. Aṃśa is the alternative sixth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular aṃśa (eg., śakti) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). Among the nine taskara, the ones named ṣaṇḍa and vipat are inauspicious, and should therefore be avoided.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Śakti (शक्ति).—According to the traditional Śākta-Tāntric viewpoint, Śakti is inherent in Śiva as the power of burning is in fire. The supposed five faces of Śiva–Īśāna, Tatpurusa, Sadyojāta, Vāmadēva and Aghora-symbolise the functioning of Śakti in the spheres of consciousness (cit), bliss (ānanda), will (icchā), knowledge (jñana), and action (kriyā) respectively.

Śakti is the important goddess of Tantra. She is responsible for creation, expansion and destruction of the universe. Puruṣa is of secondary importance, though the Śakti cannot accomplish the work of creation of the universe without Puruṣa. This is why in Śaktism, Śakti is the main deity and the Puruṣa a subordinate one.

Source: DSpace at Pondicherry: Siddha Cult in Tamilnadu (shaktism)
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Śakti (शक्ति).—Faculty of import or denotation which is possessed by the words permanently according to Kauṇḍa Bhaṭṭa.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Śakti (शक्ति).—Potentiality of expressing the sense which is possessed by words permanently with them ;denotative potentiality or denotation; this potentiality shows the senses, which are permanently possessed by the words, to the hearer and is described to be of one kind by ancient grammarian as contrasted with the two (अभिघा (abhighā) and लक्षणा (lakṣaṇā)) mentioned by the modern ones. It is described to be of two kinds-(a) स्मारिका शक्ति (smārikā śakti) or recalling capacity which combines चैत्रत्व (caitratva) with पाक (pāka), and अनुभावि-का शक्ति (anubhāvi-kā śakti) which is responsible for the actual meaning of a sentence. For details see Vakyapadiya III.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

The great commentator of Śāradā Tilaka, Rāghava Bhaṭṭa, says that like the Saṃkhya concept of appearance of realities from realities (Sadutapattivāda), Śakti which remains in the dormant stage in Parā-Saṃvit becomes manifest (Ucchunāvasthā). Śakti is without any cause. She is beginningless. Here Caitanyadhyasena means the eternal coexistence of Śiva and Śakti. The eternal flow of Śakti is there but they are flowing without any feeling. Thus, Nirguṇa Śiva does not mean Śiva without Guṇa (Śakti) but it means the Guṇātīta state of Śiva. This Śakti-Tattva issues from Śiva-Tattva. It is further said that from Śakti evolves Nāda and from Nāda issues Bindu. From the causal Bindu proceeds the effect (kārya) Bindu, Nāda and Bīja.

Source: Google Books: Tantra, Its Mystic and Scientific Basis

According to the Vatula-tantra, Śakti is the will of God and that is called bindu. From that arises nāda which is a source of all speech.

Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy

1) The cosmic female force is known as Shakti. She is the wife of Shiva and a form of Parvati.

2) Shakti was the eldest of the hundred sons of sage Vasishta and Arundhati. He married a woman named Adrishyanti, through whom he had a son named Parasara.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Shakti, meaning “Power” or “empowerment,” is the primordial cosmic energy and represents the dynamic forces that are thought to move through the entire universe in Hinduism. Shakti is the concept, or personification, of divine feminine creative power, sometimes referred to as ‘The Great Divine Mother’ in Hinduism. On the earthly plane, shakti most actively manifests through female embodiment and creativity/fertility, though it is also present in males in its potential, unmanifest form.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

There are various lists given in the Purāṇas of the consorts of Lord Vishnu such as the 8 or the 12 Śaktis.

The 12 are:

  1. Lakṣmī — fortune,
  2. Puṣṭī — prosperity,
  3. Dayā — compassion,
  4. Nidrā —sleep,
  5. Kṣamā — forgiveness,
  6. Kāntī — beauty,
  7. Sarasvatī — Communication & learning,
  8. Dhṛti— endurance,
  9. Maitrī — loving kindness, friendliness,
  10. Ratī — Sexual pleasure,
  11. Tuṣṭī —satisfaction,
  12. Mati — intelligence.
Source: Red Zambala: On the Salvific Activities of God

India history and geogprahy

Śakti (शक्ति) is the name of a Brāhman mentioned in the Pallava grant of king Śivaskandavarman. He is als known as Satti. The Prākrit Pallava king Śivaskandavarman of Kāñcī, who was affiliated to the Brahmanical gotra of the Bhāradvājas, confirmed and enlarged, in the eighth year of his reign, a donation, made formerly by the great king, the lord Bappa (i.e., probably his father), to certain Brahmans (eg., Śakti), who resided at Āpiṭṭi or Āpiṭṭī, and were bhojakas, i.e., probably freeholders of the vilalge Chillarekakoḍuṃka or Chillerekakoḍuṃka.

According to the 4th-century Pallava grant, “... and we grant here an immunity (viz.) the garden in Chillarekakoḍuṃka, which was formerly given by the great king, the lord Bappa, a giver of many krors of gold and of one hundred thousand ox-ploughs,—while he made (the gift) a means of the increase of the merit, longevity, power and fame of (his) own family and race —to the Brāhmans, freeholders of Chillarekakoḍuṃka (and) inhabitants of Āpiṭṭi, (viz.) ... to the four brothers Kumāranaṃdi/Kumāranandi (Kumāranandin), Kumārasama (Kumāraśarman), Koṭṭasama (Koṭṭaśarman) and Satti (Śakti) of the Kosika (Kauśika) gotra four shares of the produce ...”

Source: archive.org: Epigraphia Indica Vol. 1 (1892)

Śakti.—(EI 17), name of the wife of Kāmadeva. Note: śakti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Śakti.—(IE 7-1-2; EI 25), ‘three’; three in number (EI 6). Note: śakti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śakti (शक्ति).—f (S) Ability or capability: also strength, might, power. Ex. of comp. śarīraśakti, indriyaśakti, nētraśakti, karṇaśakti, vāyuśakti, jñānaśakti, yōgaśakti, kālaśakti. 2 Power (as of a word); reach or extent of significance. 3 The energy or active power of a deity personified as his wife; as Parvati and Lakshmi of Shiva and Vishn̤u. 4 The female organ as the counterpart of the phallic personification of Shiva, and worshiped by a sect of Hindus thence termed Shakt. 5 An iron spear or dart.

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sakti (सक्ति).—f S Attachment or junction, contact, conjunction, cohesion. 2 fig. Intentness upon; earnestness of application unto.

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saktī (सक्ती).—f ( P) Hardness, firmness, solidity. 2 fig. Harshness, sternness, austerity, severity, cruelty: also rigor or rigorousness, grievousness &c. Used freely.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śakti (शक्ति).—f Ability; power. An iron spear.

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sakti (सक्ति).—f Attachment, contact. Fig. Intentness upon, earnestness of application to.

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saktī (सक्ती).—f Hardness; firmness. Fig. Harsh- ness, austerity, severity, cruelty; rigour or rigorousness. Compulsion or enforcement. saktīcēṃ śikṣaṇa Compulsory education.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śakti (शक्ति).—f. [śak-ktin]

1) (a) Power, ability, capacity, strength, energy, prowess; दैवं निहत्य कुरु पौरुषमात्मशक्त्या (daivaṃ nihatya kuru pauruṣamātmaśaktyā) Pt.1.361; ज्ञाने मौनं क्षमा शक्तौ (jñāne maunaṃ kṣamā śaktau) R.1.22; so यथाशक्ति, स्वशक्ति (yathāśakti, svaśakti) &c. (b) Faculty, capacity; स्मरण- शक्ति (smaraṇa- śakti) 'retentive faculty or memory'.

2) Regal power; (it has three parts or elements; 1 prabhuśakti or prabhāvaśakti' the majesty or pre-eminent position of the king himself'; 2 maṃtraśakti 'the power of good counsel'; and 3 utsāhaśakti 'the power of energy'); राज्यं नाम शक्तित्रयायत्तम् (rājyaṃ nāma śaktitrayāyattam) Dk.; त्रिसाधना शक्तिरिवार्थसंचयम् (trisādhanā śaktirivārthasaṃcayam) R.3.13;6.33;17.63; Śi.2.26.

3) The power of composition, poetic power or genius; शक्तिर्निपुणता लोकशास्त्रकाव्याद्यवेक्षणात् (śaktirnipuṇatā lokaśāstrakāvyādyavekṣaṇāt) K.P.1; see explanation ad loc.

4) The active power of a deity, regarded as his wife, female divinity; (these are variously enumerated, 8, 9 or even 5 being mentioned); स जयति परिणद्धः शक्तिभिः शक्तिनाथः (sa jayati pariṇaddhaḥ śaktibhiḥ śaktināthaḥ) Māl.5.1; Ś.7.35.

5) A kind of missile; शक्तिखण्डामर्षतेन गाण्डीविनोक्तम् (śaktikhaṇḍāmarṣatena gāṇḍīvinoktam) Ve. 3; ततो विभेद पौलस्त्यः शक्त्या वक्षसि लक्ष्मणम् (tato vibheda paulastyaḥ śaktyā vakṣasi lakṣmaṇam) R.12.77.

6) A spear, dart, pike, lance.

7) (In phil.) The relation of a term to the thing designated.

8) The power inherent in cause to produce its necessary effect.

9) (In Rhet.) The power or signification of a word; (these are three abhidhā, lakṣaṇā and vyañjanā); तिस्रः शब्दस्य शक्तयः (tisraḥ śabdasya śaktayaḥ) S. D.11.

1) The expressive power or denotation of a word (opp. lakṣaṇā and vyañjanā); it is thus defined:-- अस्माच्छब्दादयमर्थो बोद्धव्य इत्याकारकोऽनादिसंकेतः शक्तिः (asmācchabdādayamartho boddhavya ityākārako'nādisaṃketaḥ śaktiḥ) Tarka. K.

11) The female organ, the counterpart of the Phallus of Śiva worshipped by a sect of people called Śāktas.

12) A sword.

13) An implement in gambling.

Derivable forms: śaktiḥ (शक्तिः).

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Sakti (सक्ति).—f.

1) Contact, touch.

2) Union, junction; सक्तिं जवादपनयत्यनिले लतानाम् (saktiṃ javādapanayatyanile latānām) Ki.5.46.

3) Attachment, addiction, devotion (to anything).

Derivable forms: saktiḥ (सक्तिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 928 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Parashakti
Parāśakti (पराशक्ति) accompanies Parameśvara who is stationed in Śivālaya, as defined in the Śi...
Shaktitattva
Power/Goddess (Śakti): unlimited creative power of absolute consciousness. Divine feminine (...
Cicchakti
Cicchakti (चिच्छक्ति).—f. mental power, intellectual capacity. Derivable forms: cicchaktiḥ (चिच...
Yathashakti
Yathāśakti (यथाशक्ति).—Adv. Extent of capability, as much as possible. E. yathā as much as, and...
Adishakti
Ādiśakti (आदिशक्ति) refers to one of the Śaktis emanting from a thousandth part of Parāśak...
Kriyashakti
Kriyāśakti (क्रियाशक्ति) refers to one of the Śaktis emanting from a thousandth part of Jñ...
Utsahashakti
Utsāha-śakti.—(CII 4), personal energy. Note: utsāha-śakti is defined in the “Indian epigraphic...
Avaranashakti
Āvaraṇaśakti (आवरणशक्ति).—f. (-ktiḥ) The power of illusion, that which veils the real nature of...
Alpashakti
Alpaśakti (अल्पशक्ति).—mfn. (-ktiḥ-ktiḥ-kti) Weak, feeble, E. alpa, and śakti power.
Vishnushakti
Viṣṇuśakti (विष्णुशक्ति).—Lakṣmī Derivable forms: viṣṇuśaktiḥ (विष्णुशक्तिः).Viṣṇuśakti is a Sa...
Jnanashakti
Jñānaśakti (ज्ञानशक्ति) refers to one of the Śaktis emanting from a thousandth part of Icc...
Icchashakti
Icchāśakti (इच्छाशक्ति) refers to one of the Śaktis emanting from a thousandth part of Ādi...
Shaktitraya
Śaktitraya (शक्तित्रय).—the three constituent elements of regal power; see शक्ति (śakti) (2) ab...
Shaktidhara
Śaktidhara (शक्तिधर).—a. strong, powerful. Śaktidhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ...
Shaktipuja
Śaktipūjā (शक्तिपूजा).—the worship of Śakti. Śaktipūjā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the...

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