Arundhati, aka: Arundhatī; 6 Definition(s)
Arundhati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1a) Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—A daughter of Kardama, sister of Parvata and Nārada, (Kāśyapa) and wife of Vasiṣṭha;1 a surname of hers was Ūrjā. Mother of seven sons, Citraketu and others, all sages of renown.2 Did not feed Kumāra while the wives of other six sages fed him.3 Mother of Śakti. Goddess among Satis; meditated on the 108 names of Devī as narrated to attain fruits of yoga.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 10; 19. 2; 30. 73; 69. 65; 70. 79.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 40.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 40.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 53, 61; 187. 45; 201. 30.
1b) A daughter of Dakṣa, and one of Dharma's wives: gave birth to Pṛthivī and all viṣayas; (gave birth to all earthly objects, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 2 and 34; 7. 28; 8. 86; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 15 and 19; 203. 2; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 2 and 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105, 108.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Arundhatī (अरुन्धत्यै):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
ॐ क्रियायै नमः
oṃ arundhatyai namaḥ.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Arundhati is the wife of the great sage Vasishta and the eighth of the nine daughters of sage Kardama (a wish-born son of Lord Brahma) and Devahuti. She was also called Akshamala. She and Vasishta had a hundred sons, the eldest of whom is Shakti.
She is the ideal wife, living in perfect harmony with her husband, and the embodiment of all the virtues that a married woman should possess. Indeed, as part of the south indian (Hindu) marriage ritual, the newly wed bride is shown the star pair Arundhati-Vasishta, in the constellation Ursa Major, as an example of how she ought to conduct herself hence. This constellation is commonly referred to as the Big Dipper or the Great Bear. In India, we call it the Sapta Rishi Constellation.(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Arundhati (अरुंधति): Wife of sage Vasishta. She was one of the nine daughters of Kardama Prajapati and his wife Devahuti.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
arundhatī (अरुंधती).—f S A small star in Ursa major, the wife of vaśiṣṭaṛṣi.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—[na rundhatī pratirodhakāriṇī]
1) A medicinal climbing plant.
2) Name of the wife of Vasiṣṭha; अन्वासितमरुन्धत्या स्वाहयेव हविर्भुजम् (anvāsitamarundhatyā svāhayeva havirbhujam) R.1.56.
3) The morning star personified as the wife of Vasiṣṭha; one of the Pleiades.
4) Name of the daughter of प्राचेतसदक्ष (prācetasadakṣa), one of the 1 wives of Dharma. [In mythology Arundhatī is represented as the wife of the sage Vasiṣṭha, one of the 7 sages. She was one of the 9 daughters of Kardama Prajāpati by Devahūti. She is regarded as the highest pattern of conjugal excellence and wifely devotion and is so invoked by the bridegroom at nuptial ceremonies. Though a woman she was regarded with the same, even more, veneration as the Saptarṣis; cf. Ku.6.12; तामगौरवभेदेन मुनींश्चापश्यदीश्वरः । स्त्री पुमानि- त्यनास्थैषा वृत्तं हि महितं सताम् (tāmagauravabhedena munīṃścāpaśyadīśvaraḥ | strī pumāni- tyanāsthaiṣā vṛttaṃ hi mahitaṃ satām) || cf. also Janaka's remarks in U.4.1. She, like her husband, was the guide and controller of Raghu's line in her own department and acted as guardian angel to Sitā after she had been abandoned by Rāma. It is said that Arundhatī (the star) is not seen by persons whose end has approached. cf. Suśruta. न पश्यति सनक्षत्रां यस्तु देवीमरुन्धतीम् । ध्रुवमाकाशगङ्गां च तं वदन्ति गतायुषम् (na paśyati sanakṣatrāṃ yastu devīmarundhatīm | dhruvamākāśagaṅgāṃ ca taṃ vadanti gatāyuṣam) ||; See H.1.66. also].
5) The tongue (personified).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 26 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
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Akṣamālā (अक्षमाला).—(ARUNDHATĪ). See under Arundhatī.
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Search found 35 books and stories containing Arundhati or Arundhatī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 7 - Sandhyā gets the name Arundhatī and marries Vasiṣṭha < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 33 - The appeasement of Himavat < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 36 - The statements of the seven sages < [Section 2.3 - Rudra-saṃhitā (3): Pārvatī-khaṇḍa]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Vedānta-sūtras Part I (by George Thibaut)
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Gobhila-gṛhya-sūtra (by Gobhila)
Hiraṇyakeśin-gṛhya-sūtra (by Hiraṇyakeśin)