Arundhati, Arundhatī: 16 definitions



Arundhati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Arundhati in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती) is the wife of Vasiṣṭha and incarnation of Sandhyā (daughter of Brahmā), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.5. Accordingly:—“that Sandhyā was my daughter mentally created by me formerly. She performed a penance, cast off her body and was reborn as Arundhatī. She was born as the intelligent daughter of the excellent sage Medhātithi, performed sacred rites at the bidding of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva and chose as her husband the noble-souled Vasiṣṭha of praiseworthy rites. She of auspicious countenance became the foremost of chaste ladies and deserved honour and respect from everyone”.

According to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.7:—At the end of the sacrifice, the sage [Medhātithi] found his daughter in the sacrificial pit shining lustrously like heated gold. With very great delight the sage took up the daughter, O sage, as though she were a sacrificial article. He bathed her and kept her on his lap. The great sage gave her the name Arundhatī. Surrounded by his disciples he celebrated the event joyously. The word Arundhatī means “one who does not hinder sacred rites in any manner whatsoever”. She acquired this name which later on became well-known in the three worlds.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—Wife of Sage Vasiṣṭha. She was born as the daughter of Karddama Prajāpati and Devahūti. (See Vasiṣṭha). Once Arundhatī got suspicious about the character of Vasiṣṭha and as a result of misunderstanding her chaste husband her beauty suffered a set-back. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 232, Verses 27-29).

(See full article at Story of Arundhatī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—A wife of Kāla (God of death). Arundhatī, Vasu, Yamī, Lambā, Bhānu, Marutvatī, Saṃkalpā, Muhurtā, Sādhyā and Viśvā are the ten wives of Kāla. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 15).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—A daughter of Kardama, sister of Parvata and Nārada, (Kāśyapa) and wife of Vasiṣṭha;1 a surname of hers was Ūrjā. Mother of seven sons, Citraketu and others, all sages of renown.2 Did not feed Kumāra while the wives of other six sages fed him.3 Mother of Śakti. Goddess among Satis; meditated on the 108 names of Devī as narrated to attain fruits of yoga.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 24. 23; Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 10; 19. 2; 30. 73; 69. 65; 70. 79.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 40.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 40.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 53, 61; 187. 45; 201. 30.

1b) A daughter of Dakṣa, and one of Dharma's wives: gave birth to Pṛthivī and all viṣayas; (gave birth to all earthly objects, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 2 and 34; 7. 28; 8. 86; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 15 and 19; 203. 2; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 2 and 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105, 108.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती) refers to one of the ten of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Dharma in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave ten daughters to Dharma in marriage] [...] The ten wives of Dharma are Sādhyā, Viśvā, Saṃkalpā, Muhūrtā, Arundhatī, Marutvatī, Vasu, Bhūnu, Lambā and Jāmī. Arundhatyas were born from Arundhatī.

Arundhati was the given by Nārada to Vasiṣṭha, according to another account of Vaṃśa in the Saurapurāṇa.—Accordingly, Nārada gave a daughter to Vasiṣṭha. She was Arundhati and Śakti was born to her. Śakti begot Parāśara and from Parāśara was born Kṛṣṇa Dvaipāyana.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Arundhati in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Arundhatī (अरुन्धत्यै):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ क्रियायै नमः
oṃ arundhatyai namaḥ.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Arundhati in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Arundhati is the wife of the great sage Vasishta and the eighth of the nine daughters of sage Kardama (a wish-born son of Lord Brahma) and Devahuti. She was also called Akshamala. She and Vasishta had a hundred sons, the eldest of whom is Shakti.

She is the ideal wife, living in perfect harmony with her husband, and the embodiment of all the virtues that a married woman should possess. Indeed, as part of the south indian (Hindu) marriage ritual, the newly wed bride is shown the star pair Arundhati-Vasishta, in the constellation Ursa Major, as an example of how she ought to conduct herself hence. This constellation is commonly referred to as the Big Dipper or the Great Bear. In India, we call it the Sapta Rishi Constellation.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Arundhati (अरुंधति): Wife of sage Vasishta. She was one of the nine daughters of Kardama Prajapati and his wife Devahuti.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arundhati in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arundhatī (अरुंधती).—f S A small star in Ursa major, the wife of vaśiṣṭaṛṣi.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Arundhati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—[na rundhatī pratirodhakāriṇī]

1) A medicinal climbing plant.

2) Name of the wife of Vasiṣṭha; अन्वासितमरुन्धत्या स्वाहयेव हविर्भुजम् (anvāsitamarundhatyā svāhayeva havirbhujam) R.1.56.

3) The morning star personified as the wife of Vasiṣṭha; one of the Pleiades.

4) Name of the daughter of प्राचेतसदक्ष (prācetasadakṣa), one of the 1 wives of Dharma. [In mythology Arundhatī is represented as the wife of the sage Vasiṣṭha, one of the 7 sages. She was one of the 9 daughters of Kardama Prajāpati by Devahūti. She is regarded as the highest pattern of conjugal excellence and wifely devotion and is so invoked by the bridegroom at nuptial ceremonies. Though a woman she was regarded with the same, even more, veneration as the Saptarṣis; cf. Ku.6.12; तामगौरवभेदेन मुनींश्चापश्यदीश्वरः । स्त्री पुमानि- त्यनास्थैषा वृत्तं हि महितं सताम् (tāmagauravabhedena munīṃścāpaśyadīśvaraḥ | strī pumāni- tyanāsthaiṣā vṛttaṃ hi mahitaṃ satām) || cf. also Janaka's remarks in U.4.1. She, like her husband, was the guide and controller of Raghu's line in her own department and acted as guardian angel to Sitā after she had been abandoned by Rāma. It is said that Arundhatī (the star) is not seen by persons whose end has approached. cf. Suśruta. न पश्यति सनक्षत्रां यस्तु देवीमरुन्धतीम् । ध्रुवमाकाशगङ्गां च तं वदन्ति गतायुषम् (na paśyati sanakṣatrāṃ yastu devīmarundhatīm | dhruvamākāśagaṅgāṃ ca taṃ vadanti gatāyuṣam) ||; See H.1.66. also].

5) The tongue (personified).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—f. (-tī) The daughter of Kerdama and wife of Vasisht'Ha, one of the seven Rishis; she is also one of the Pleiades. E. a neg. rudha to confine, tan and ṅīp affixes; who does not confine or hinder good works. Arundhati is considered as pattern of conjugal excellence, and is invoked at the marriage ceremony by the bridegroom.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—[a-rundhatī] (vb. rudh), f. 1. The wife of Vaśiṣṭha, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 10, 37. 2. An asterism, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1165.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती).—[feminine] cert. plant; [Name] of the wife of Vasiṣṭha, conceived as a star in the Great Bear.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arundhatī (अरुन्धती):—[=a-rundhatī] f. a medicinal climbing plant, [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] the wife of Vasiṣṭha, [Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the wife of Dharma, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] the little and scarcely visible star Alcor (belonging to the Great Bear, and personified as the wife of one of its seven chief stars, Vasiṣṭha, or of all the seven, the so-called seven Ṛṣis; at marriage ceremonies Arundhatī is invoked as a pattern of conjugal excellence by the bridegroom), [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a kind of super natural faculty (also called kuṇḍalinī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती):—[a-rundhatī] (tī) 3. f. The wife of the sage Vasiṣhṭha; Pleiades.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती):—(3. a + ru von rudh) f.

1) eine heilkräftige Schlingpflanze [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 12, 1. 5, 5, 5. 9. 6, 59, 1. 2. 8, 7, 6. 19, 38, 1.] —

2) Nomen proprium die Gattin Vasiṣṭha’s [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 849.] Zusatz zu dem Hochzeitsliede [Ṛgveda 10, 85.] tathaivārundhatī yātā patiśuśrūṣayā divam [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 3, 10. 1, 10, 37. 5, 31, 6.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 56.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 6, 11. 32.] sārundhatīka adj. 4. Gemahlin Dharma's [Harivaṃśa 145. 12449. 12481.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 119.] —

3) ein Gestirn, als Gattin der sieben Ṛṣi (des Gestirns) gedacht [Taittirīyāraṇyaka 3, 9, 2] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 89.] dhruvamarundhatīṃ sapta ṛṣīniti dṛṣṭvā [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 1, 7.] dīpanirvāṇagandhaṃ ca suhṛdvākyamarundhatīm . na jighrati mumūrṣuryo na śṛṇoti na paśyati .. [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 59, 16.] dīpa na jighranti na śṛṇvanti na paśyanti gatāyuṣaḥ .. [Hitopadeśa I, 69]; vgl. [Suśruta 1, 114, 4.] Nach dem [Śabdakalpadruma] befindet sich der Stern im Siebengestirn selbst, in der Nähe von Vasiṣṭha.

--- OR ---

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती):—

2) [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 42, 24.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 13, 6.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 28, 191.] treuen Frauen ist Arundhatī = Dākṣāyaṇī [Oxforder Handschriften 39,b,36.] vrata [284,b,3.] —

3) [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi.1,17,2. 3.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi.1,9,5.] [GOBH.2,3,7. 8.] [LĀṬY.3,3,6. 7.] [Oxforder Handschriften 51,a,28.] pl. [WEBER, Nakṣ.2,303. 371.] In der Verbindung «wer die Arundhatī nicht sieht, ist dem Tode verfallen» (schon bei [LĀṬY.]) wird in späterer Zeit Arundhatī als Bez. der Zunge gefasst; vgl. u. dhruva 2, i).

4) Bez. einer best. übernatürlichen Kraft, = kuṇḍalinī [Oxforder 235,b,26.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Arundhatī (अरुन्धती):—f.

1) eine best. heilkräftige Schlingpflanze.

2) Nomen proprium der Gattin Vasisṭtha’s ([83,15] ; zugleich in der Bed.

3) und Dharma's. —

3) der kaum sichtbare Stern Alkor im grossen Bären [83,15.fgg.] [218,24.] Wer den nicht sieht , soll dem Tode verfallen sein. Später in dieser Verbindung als Zunge gefasst.

4) eine best. übernatürliche Kraft.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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