Yamya, Yāmyā, Yāmya: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Yamya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Yāmyā (याम्या):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Diṅmaheśvara (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yāmya (याम्य).—A group of nāḍis emitting dew from the sun.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 28.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Yāmya (याम्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.14, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Yāmya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Yāmyā (याम्या) is the Sanskrit name for an asterism (Musca). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.14-15, the master of the dramatic art (nāṭyācārya) should perform raṅgapūjā after offering pūjā to the Jarjara (Indra’s staff). Accordingly, “After proceeding thus according to rules and staying in the phayhouse for the night, he should begin pūjā as soon as it is morning. This pūjā connected with the stage should take place under the asterism Ārdrā, Maghā, Yāmyā, Pūrvaphalgunī, Pūrvāṣāḍhā, Pūrvabhādrapadā, Aśleṣā or Mūlā”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Yāmya (याम्य).—1. The south direction which is presided over by Yama. 2. The southern hemisphere (yāmyagola). 3. The nakṣatra, Bhariṇi that is presided over by Yama. Note: Yāmya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: The Yoginis of Narasimha Vyuha

Yāmyā (याम्या) is the name of a Mātṛkā-Śakti created by Mahārudra in order to control the plague of demons created by Andhakāsura.—Accordingly, Andhaka-Asura tried to kidnap Umā (Devī Pārvatī), and was fiercely attacked by Mahārudra who shot arrows at him from his mahāpināka. when the arrows pierced the body of Andhakāsura, drops of blood fell to earth and from those drops, thousands of Andhakas arose. To control this plague of demons, Mahārudra created Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Yāmyā] and ordered them to drink the blood of the demons and drain them dry.

Source: Kamakoti Mandali: Nrisimha matrika-mandala

Yāmyā (याम्या) refers to one of the various Mātṛkā-Śaktis created by Rudra in order to destroy the clones that spawned from Andhaka’s body.—Accordingly, [...] Andhakāsura attempted to abduct Girājanandinī (Pārvatī) and thus ensued a fierce battle between Andhakāsura and the great Rudra, the Lord of Umā. Like raktabīja, every drop of blood that fell from the body of Andhaka created another Asura like him and in no time, the entire world was filled with Andhakas. To destroy the growing number of Andhakas, Rudra created innumerable Mātṛkā-Śaktis [viz., Yāmyā]. These Śaktis of immense power at once began to drink every drop of blood that flowed from the body of Andhaka, but they could still not effectively contain the emergence of more and more demons.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Yāmyā (याम्या) refers to one of the various Mātṛs and Mahāmātṛs mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Yāmyā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yamya (यम्य).—a. Restrainable, to be curbed; P.III.1.1.

-myā Night; Naigh.1.7.

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Yāmya (याम्य).—a. [yamo devatāsya tasyedaṃ vā ṇya]

1) Southern; द्वारं ररङ्घतुर्याम्यम् (dvāraṃ raraṅghaturyāmyam) Bk.14.15.

2) Belonging to or resembling Yama.

-myaḥ 1 A servant of Yama; भगवत्पुरुषै राजन् याम्याः प्रतिहतोद्यमाः (bhagavatpuruṣai rājan yāmyāḥ pratihatodyamāḥ) Bhāg.6.3.3.

2) Name of Agastya.

3) Of Śiva.

4) Of Viṣṇu.

5) Sandal-wood.

-myam The Bharaṇī Nakṣatra.

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Yāmyā (याम्या).—

1) The south; दिशं याम्यामभिमुखो रुदन् वचनमब्रवीत् (diśaṃ yāmyāmabhimukho rudan vacanamabravīt) Rām.2.13.26.

2) Night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Yāmyā (याम्या).—name of a mātar (śakti of Yama): Mahā-Māyūrī 242.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yāmya (याम्य).—m.

(-myaḥ) 1. Sandal. 2. The saint Agastya. f.

(-myā) 1. The south. 2. The lunar asterism, Bharani. 3. Night. E. yama Yama, ṇyat aff.; being sacred to or governed by that deity, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yāmya (याम्य).—i. e. yama + ya, I. adj., f. , Relating to Yama, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 54, 10 (with diś, The south); propounded by Yama, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 173. Ii. m. 1. Agastya. 2. Sandal. Iii. f. . 1. The south. 2. i. e. yāma + ya, f. Night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yāmya (याम्य).—[adjective] relating to Yama, southern; [masculine] a servant of Yama, [feminine] (±diś) the south.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yamya (यम्य):—[from yam] 1. yamya mfn. restrainable, to be curbed or controlled, [Pāṇini 3-1, 100.]

2) [v.s. ...] 2. yamya mfn. (?) ([from] yama) being a twin, belonging to twins, [Ṛg-veda]

3) Yamyā (यम्या):—[from yamya > yam] f. night, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 7.]

4) Yāmyā (याम्या):—[from ] a f. night, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. under yāmya, p. 851, col. 3).

5) Yāmya (याम्य):—[from yāma] a mf(ā)n. relating or belonging to Yama, [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] southern, southerly (also applied to a kind of fever; ye ind. or yena ind. in the south or to the south), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. the right hand (cf. dakṣiṇa), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

8) [v.s. ...] ([scilicet] nara or puruṣa or dūta) a servant or messenger of Yama, [ṢaḍvBr.; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva or Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] of Agastya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] the sandal-tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Yāmyā (याम्या):—[from yāmya > yāma] b f. (cf. yāmyā on p. 850, col. 1) the southern quarter, south, [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira] etc. (also with diś or āsā)

13) [v.s. ...] = n., [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

14) Yāmya (याम्य):—[from yāma] n. (also with ṛkṣa) the Nakṣatra Bharaṇī (presided over by Yama), [Varāha-mihira; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Suśruta]

15) b etc. See p. 851, col. 3.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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