Shaktitraya, Śaktitraya, Shakti-traya: 9 definitions


Shaktitraya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaktitraya can be transliterated into English as Saktitraya or Shaktitraya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shaktitraya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Śaktitraya (शक्तित्रय) [=triśakti?] refers to “one who hast three Śaktis”, and is used to describe Śiva, according the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] Obeisance to Thee whose velocity is unbearable, who hast three Śaktis (Śaktitraya), who art identical with the three Vedas; Obeisance to Thee the delighted protector of immense potentiality”.

Note: Under this concept [viz., of Śaktitraya], Śiva or Sadāśiva is the sole supreme God possessed of three energies which are personified as Sarasvatī, Lakṣmī and Umā—the wives of the triad Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Rudra and are the different manifestations of Śiva Herself.

2) Śaktitraya (शक्तित्रय) refers to the “three Śaktis”, conferred to Viṣṇu by Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.25. Accordingly as Rāma narrated to Satī:—“[...] then the delighted Lord Śiva, favourably disposed towards his devotees, bestowed great boons on Viṣṇu and the other Devas. Lord Śiva said:—‘[...] You take three Śaktis [viz., śaktitraya]—will etc. conferred by me. You can have the power of exhibiting diverse sports and independence in the three worlds. O Viṣṇu, persons who hate you shall indeed be chastised and curbed by me with strenuous efforts. Salvation shall be given by me, O Viṣṇu, to your devotees. [...]’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shaktitraya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Śaktitraya (शक्तित्रय) [=Triśakti?] refers to the “three energies”, according to sources such as the Kulakaulinīmata and Kumārikākhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “[...] Called knowledge, (she is Kuṇḍalinī and) her form is (round like) an earring (kuṇḍala). Called action, she is the mother of the letters (varṇamātṛkā). Called will, (her) form is mantra. She is (both) the object of denotation and the denotator. Associated with (both) cause and effect, she emerges from within the pure (energy of the Moon). She has three natures, she resides on three paths, she is endowed with the three causes and the three energies [i.e., śaktitraya-samopetā]. She is associated with the letter E. (As) the Supreme Power, she resides within Śiva”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Śakti-traya.—(SII 1), the three [regal] powers. Note: śakti-traya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shaktitraya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaktitraya (शक्तित्रय).—n S The trio of Powers of war; viz. prabhuśakti, mantraśakti, utsāhaśakti q. v. in loc. 2 The trio of Powers iu construction, composition, or formation; viz. jñānaśakti Power of understanding or knowledge; kriyāśakti Efficient or active power; dravyaśakti Passive power or susceptibility; the power consisting in the presence of substances endowed with properties. These are referred respectively to satvaguṇa, rajōguṇa, tamōguṇa, and are named sātvikaśakti, rājasaśakti, tāmasaśakti.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shaktitraya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaktitraya (शक्तित्रय).—the three constituent elements of regal power; see शक्ति (śakti) (2) above.

Derivable forms: śaktitrayam (शक्तित्रयम्).

Śaktitraya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śakti and traya (त्रय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaktitraya (शक्तित्रय).—n.

(-yaṃ) The three ingredieats of regal power; or king, minister, and vigour. E. śakti, and traya triad: see śakti .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaktitraya (शक्तित्रय):—[=śakti-traya] [from śakti > śak] n. the three constituents of regal power (See [column]2), [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaktitraya (शक्तित्रय):—[śakti-traya] (yaṃ) 1. n. The triad of power, king, minister and vigour.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shaktitraya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śaktitraya (ಶಕ್ತಿತ್ರಯ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) the three constituents of regal power personal pre-eminence, good counsel and energy).

2) [noun] (pl.) the three powers ability, knowledge and volition.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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