Karali, aka: Karālī; 7 Definition(s)


Karali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Karālī (कराली):—One of the four female attendant deities associated with Mitra, the central deity of the Mātṛcakra, according to the Kubjikāmatatantra. This central deity is named Piṅganātha in the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā. She is also known by the name Karālā. She is the goddess of the pītha named Jālandhara.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Karali in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karālī (कराली) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Karālī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Karālī (कराली) refers to one the twenty-four Horā (astronomical) Goddess to be invoked during pūjā (ritual offering) in Tantric Buddhism, according to the 9th-century Vajraḍākatantra chapter 18.61-74. [...] A Yogin, putting a vessel in the left side of him, offers various things together with raw flesh, fish, immortal nectar (pañcāmṛta). Then the Yogin invites Goddesses to please them with nectar—five Ḍākinīs and twenty-four Goddesses [viz., Karālī] come to the Yogin’s place, forming a maṇḍala.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Karalī is the name of an ancient city mentioned in the “Ghūmlī plates of Bāṣkaladeva” (989 A. D.). Karalī cannot be traced now. But a bridge at the eastern approach of Porbandar, the famous port of Western Saurashtra on the Arabian Sea, is said to bear the name Karlī-pūl. The village of Karalī may therefore have stood in its neighbourhood.

This inscribed copper plate (mentioning  Karalī) was found in the course of digging operations at Ghūmlī in the former Navanagar State. The date corresponds to the 22nd April, 989 A.D. and it records the grant of a village made by Rāṇaka Bāṣkaladeva surnamed Kuṃkumalola, for the merit of his parents, in favour of a Brāhmaṇa.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

karalī (करली).—f A white kind of fish covered with prickles or barbs. 2 C A water-scuttle or baler. See karalēṃ. 3 A kind of grass.

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karaḷī (करळी).—f Spasmodic affection (esp. of the legs). 2 A common term for the two extreme cross pieces which, together with the two central cross pieces (tarasē m pl) and the longitudinal pieces (ghōḍīṃ or ghōḍakīṃ n pl), compose the bed of a gāḍā (loadcart void of sāṭhā or box). 3 A cross-piece overlying the piḍhēṃ of a cart, and narrower. The pegs pass through it. 4 An upright of the box of a cart, a sloat. 5 (Commonly kuraḷī) The interstitial unwoven threads of a web.

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karaḷī (करळी).—a Built or made with the stone karaḷa.

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karāḷī (कराळी).—f Spasm of the limbs, cramp. v caḍha, utara, bāndha. Gen. in pl karāḷyā.

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kāralī (कारली).—f (kāravēlla S) A vegetable, Momordica charantia. 2 Applied by some to the tree karaṇḍī.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāralī (कारली).—f A vegetable, Momordica. Charantia.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karālī (कराली).—n. of a yoginī (compare prec.): Sādh 584.12; name of a piśācī: Māy 238.20; n. of a rākṣasī: Māy 243.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 13 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kalā (कला) refers to a (1) “art” or (2) “a peg of a lyre” and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-cari...
Karāla (कराल) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Kramaṇī they pres...
Manojava (मनोजव).—mfn. (-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) 1. Fatherly, parental. 2. Quick in thought or apprehension...
Tarasa (तरस).—n. (-saṃ) Flesh. E. taras strength, affix ac; in which there is strength.
Horā (होरा) refers to the twenty-four astronomical Goddess to be invoked during pūjā (ritual of...
Saptajihva (सप्तजिह्व).—m. (-hvaḥ) Agni or fire. E. sapta seven, jihvā a tongue or flame.
Dhūmravarṇa (धूम्रवर्ण).—mfn. (-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) Of a smoky hue. m. (-rṇaḥ) Incense. f. (-rṇā) Fl...
Karālika (करालिक).—m. (-kaḥ) A tree.
Saptajvāla (सप्तज्वाल).—m. (-laḥ) Agni or fire. E. sapta seven, jvālā flame.
karōḷēṃ (करोळें).—n A cross piece of the sāṭhā or frame of a cart: opp. to bājū the side-piece ...
karalēṃ (करलें).—n W C A scuttle or scoop-form vessel for dashing water (from a pool &c.) over ...
Akhilikā (अखिलिका).—(vanaspativi.) Momordaica Charantia (Mar. kāralī.)
Karālin (करालिन्).—m. A kind of horse having a gaping mouth and projecting teeth; हीनदन्तोऽधिकश...

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