Shakula, Śakula, Sakula, Sakulā, Sākulā, Śākula, Sākula: 14 definitions


Shakula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śakula and Śākula can be transliterated into English as Sakula or Shakula, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Śakula (शकुल) refers to the fish-species Heteropneustes fossilis.—Manusmṛti I.44 includes fishes among aquatic creatures and states they are oviparous. It states that they are not to be rejected if offered voluntarily IV.250. Manusmṛti VIII.95 states that fish bones are harmful if swallowed unaware along with its flesh. The Smṛtis also mention several species of fishes [like Śakula (Heteropneustes fossilis)].

The Śakula fishes are forbidden in some Smṛti texts. [...] The Viṣṇusmṛti 51.21 also states that Pāṭhīna, Rohita, Siṃhatuṇḍaka, Śakula and Rājīva can be consumed.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śakula (शकुल) in the later Saṃhitās denotes an unknown species of fish.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sakula Theri. She belonged to a brahmin family of Savatthi and became a believer on seeing the Buddha accept Jetavana. Later, she heard an arahant monk preach, and, being agitated in mind, joined the Order. Having developed insight, she won arahantship. Afterwards the Buddha declared her foremost among nuns in dibbacakkhu (A.i.25).

In the time of Padumuttara Buddha she was Nanda, daughter of King Ananda, and, therefore, half sister of the Buddha. One day she heard the Buddha declare a nun chief among possessors of the heavenly eye and herself wished for similar honour. In the time of Kassapa Buddha she was a brahminee and later became a Paribbajika. One day she offered alms at the Buddhas thupa and kept a lamp burning there all night. She was then reborn in Tavatimsa. Thig. vss.98 101; ThigA.91f.; Ap.ii.569f.; AA.i.199f.

2. Sakula. Sister of Soma. They were both wives of Pasenadi and followers of the Buddha. Once, when Pasenadi was staying at Ujjunna, he went to see the Buddha, and carried to him the greetings of the two queens. M.ii.125f.; MA.ii.757.

3. A tribe mentioned in a nominal list. Ap.ii.358.

4. A city in Mahimsakarattha. J.v.337.

5. A king of Sakula. See the Cullahamsa Jataka. He is identified with Sariputta. J.v.337, 353.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shakula in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sakula, (cp. Epic Sk. śakula) a kind of fish J. V, 405. (Page 660)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śakula (शकुल).—[śak-ulac Uṇādi-sūtra 1.93.] A kind of fish.

Derivable forms: śakulaḥ (शकुलः).

See also (synonyms): śakulī.

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Śākula (शाकुल).—a. Belonging to fish; सप्त वै शाकुलन तु (sapta vai śākulana tu) (māsan pitaraḥ prīyante) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.88.6.

See also (synonyms): śākulika.

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Sakula (सकुल).—a.

1) Belonging to a noble family.

2) Belonging to the same family.

3) Having a family.

4) Along with the family.

-laḥ 1 A kinsman.

2) A kind of fish (sakulī also).

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Sākula (साकुल).—a. Perplexed, bewildered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakula (शकुल).—mf. (-laḥ-lī) A kind of fish. “śīla”. E. śak to be able, aff. ulac .

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Sakula (सकुल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Belonging to a noble family. 2. Belonging the same family. m.

(-laḥ) 1. A Kinsman. 2. A sort of fish; also śakula. E. sa with, kula a family.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakula (शकुल).—m. A fish (cf. śakalin).

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Sākula (साकुल).—adj. 1. agitated, bewildered, confused. 2. crowded, thronged.

Sākula is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and ākula (आकुल).

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Sakula (सकुल).—adj. 1. having a family. 2. belonging to a family.

Sakula is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and kula (कुल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakula (शकुल).—[masculine] [feminine] a kind of fish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śakula (शकुल):—m. a kind of fish (perhaps ‘the gilt-head’), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) a kind of spur-like projection (behind the hoof of an ox or cow), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

3) (with vasiṣṭhasya) Name of a Śāman ([varia lectio] for śakuna)

4) Sakula (सकुल):—[=sa-kula] [from sa > sa-kaṅkaṭa] mfn. having a family, together with one’s f°, [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

5) [v.s. ...] belonging to a noble f°, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] belonging to the same family, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] m. an ichneumon (for nakula, by a play on the sound), [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

8) Sākula (साकुल):—mfn. perplexed, bewildered, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śakula (शकुल):—(laḥ) 1. m. A fish.

2) Sakula (सकुल):—(laḥ) 1. m. A sort of fish. a. Having a family, belonging to one.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śakula (शकुल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saula.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shakula in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shakula in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sakula (सकुल):—(a) with family, with kith and kin.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śakula (ಶಕುಲ):—

1) [noun] a fish in gen.

2) [noun] a shrimp or a prawn.

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Śakuḷa (ಶಕುಳ):—[noun] = ಶಕುಲ [shakula].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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