Shakunika, aka: Śākunika, Sākuṇika, Sakunika, Śakunikā; 7 Definition(s)
Shakunika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śākunika and Śakunikā can be transliterated into English as Sakunika or Shakunika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Śākunika (शाकुनिक) refers to a “bird catcher”. When disputes arise regarding the boundaries of villeges, and in the absence of original inhabitants of neighbouring villages, the King may choose these ‘hunters’ to act as witnesses. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.260)(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)
Śākunika (शाकुनिक, “fowler”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Śākunika). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.(Source): Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
Śakunikā (शकुनिका).—A female attendant of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Verse 15).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
sākuṇika : (m.) a fowler; a bird-catcher.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Sākuṇika, (fr. sakuṇa) a fowler S. II, 256; A. III, 303; Pug. 56; J. I, 208. Combd with miga-bandhaka & macchaghātaka at SnA 289; with māgavika & maccha-ghātaka at Pug. 56. (Page 702)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
śākunika (शाकुनिक).—n S Interpretation of omens, portents, prodigies, presages.
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śākunika (शाकुनिक).—a S Relating to omens or portents, ominous, portentous.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Śākunika (शाकुनिक).—[śakunena pakṣivadhādinā jīvati ṭhañ] A fowler, bird-catcher; Mk.6; Ms.8.26.
-kam The interpretation of omens.
Derivable forms: śākunikaḥ (शाकुनिकः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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