Shakhya, Sakhya, Śākhya: 18 definitions


Shakhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śākhya can be transliterated into English as Sakhya or Shakhya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sakhy.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sakhya (सख्य) refers to “friendliness” and represents one of the nine-fold (navadhā) devotion (bhakti), as explained in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.23, as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] O Goddess Satī, listen, I shall explain the great principle whereby the remorseful creature becomes a liberated soul (mukta). [...] Devotion (bhakti) to me is considered as the bestower of worldly pleasures and salvation. It is achievable only by my grace. It is nine-fold (navadhā) [viz., sakhya]. There is no difference between devotion and perfect knowledge. A person who is engrossed in devotion enjoys perpetual happiness. Perfect knowledge never descends in a vicious person averse to devotion. [...] According to scholars O Goddess, the nine ancillary adjuncts are:—[viz., sakhya, ‘friendliness’...]. O Śiva, its further subdivisions too have been explained”.

Sakhya (‘friendliness’) detailed explanation: “the belief—‘whatever god bestows on me, good or bad, is for my welfare’—is the characteristic sign of friendliness”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śākhya (शाख्य).—A heretical sect.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 39.

1b) A gotrakara.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 197. 1.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sākhya (साख्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.49) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sākhya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Sakhya (सख्य) refers to:—Love or attachment for Śrī Kṛṣṇa that is expressed in the mood of a friend; one of the five primary relationships with Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shakhya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sakhya : (nt.) friendship.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sakhya, (nt.) (Sk. sākhya; cp. sakkhī) friendship J. II, 409; VI, 353 sq. (Page 661)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sakhya (सख्य).—n (S) Companionship, consociation: also friendship or amity. Ex. of comp. sādhusakhya, rāja- sakhya, strīsakhya, duṣṭasakhya, satsakhya, vidvatsakhya, mitrasakhya. 2 Fellowship or communion with the Deity. Ex. hyāsī āṭha pāyariyā dēdīpyamāna || śravaṇa manana kīrttana || pādasēvana cauthēṃ paiṃ || arcana vandana dāsya sakhya ||. samānaśīlācēṃ sakhya Union or association together of persons of congenial disposition: also that union which consists in congeniality of disposition. samānavyasanācēṃ sakhya See under vyasana. samānaśīla- vyasanaiṣusakhyaṃ Friendship (is or must be) with persons of congenial dispositions and similar habits.

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sākhya (साख्य).—n S Friendship or companionship.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sakhya (सख्य).—n Companionship; amity. Union or association together.

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sākhya (साख्य).—n Friendship or companionship.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sakhya (सख्य).—[sakhyurbhāvaḥ yat]

1) Friendship, intimacy, alliance; मुमूर्च्छ सख्यं रामस्य समानव्यसने हरौ (mumūrccha sakhyaṃ rāmasya samānavyasane harau) R.12.57; तस्यैव मे सौहृदसख्यमैत्री (tasyaiva me sauhṛdasakhyamaitrī) Bhāgavata 1.81.36; समानशीलव्यसनेषु सख्यम् (samānaśīlavyasaneṣu sakhyam) Subhāṣ.

2) Equality.

-sakhyaḥ A friend.

Derivable forms: sakhyam (सख्यम्).

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Sākhya (साख्य).—Friendship.

Derivable forms: sākhyam (साख्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākhya (शाख्य).—mfn.

(-khyaḥ-khyā-khyaṃ) Branching, ramifying. E. śākhā a branch, (literally or figuratively,) and ya aff.

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Sakhya (सख्य).—n.

(-khyaṃ) 1. Friendship. 2. Equality. m.

(-khyaḥ) A friend. E. sakhi a friend, yat aff. of the property or pleonasm.

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Sākhya (साख्य).—n.

(-khyaṃ) Friendship. E. sakhi a friend, yañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakhya (सख्य).—i. e. sakhi + ya, n. 1. Friendship, [Hitopadeśa] 38, 4, M. M. 2. Equality, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 134.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakhya (सख्य).—[neuter] friendship, fellowship, relationship.

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Sākhya (साख्य).—[neuter] association, party; friendship, affection.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śākhya (शाख्य):—[from śākh] mfn. resembling a branch, [Pāṇini 5-3, 103]

2) [v.s. ...] belonging to the branch of a tree, branching, ramifying ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Sakhya (सख्य):—[from sac] n. friendship, intimacy with, relation to ([locative case] or [instrumental case] with and without samam, saha etc.), fellowship, community, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

4) Sākhya (साख्य):—[from sākheya] n. association, party, [Ṛg-veda; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

5) [v.s. ...] friendship ([probably] [wrong reading] for sakhya), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] mfn. = sākheya, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śākhya (शाख्य):—[(khyaḥ-khyā-khyaṃ) a.] Branching.

2) Sakhya (सख्य):—(khyaṃ) 1. n. Friendship. m. A friend.

3) Sākhya (साख्य):—(khyaṃ) 1. n. Friendship.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sakhya (सख्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sakkha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shakhya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shakhya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sakhya (सख्य) [Also spelled sakhy]:—(nm) friendship; friendliness; —[bhāva] friendly feeling/emotion; -[bhakti] devotion inspired by friendly feeling and emotion.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sakhya (ಸಖ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the state of being a friend; association as friends; friendship.

2) [noun] a friendly relation or intimacy; friendship.

3) [noun] the state or quality of being equal; correspondence in quantity, degree, value, rank or ability; equality.

4) [noun] an intimate companion; a confidante; a friend.

5) [noun] friendship, intimacy with the God, as one of the nine means of achieving oneness with Him.

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Sākhya (ಸಾಖ್ಯ):—[noun] an old unit of measure of varying quantities (8 seers to ten seers).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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