Maheshvari, aka: Mahesvari, Māheśvarī, Maheśvarī; 10 Definition(s)
Maheshvari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Māheśvarī and Maheśvarī can be transliterated into English as Mahesvari or Maheshvari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Māheśvarī (माहेश्वरी):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
ॐ माहेश्वर्यै नमः
oṃ māheśvaryai namaḥ.
Maheshvari refers to one of the seven mother-like goddesses (Matrika).—The Matrikas emerge as shaktis from out of the bodies of the gods: Maheshvari from Shiva. The order of the Saptamatrka usually begins with Brahmi symbolizing creation. Then, Vaishnavi. Then, Maheshvari, who resides in the hearts of all beings, breaths in life and individuality. Maheshvari is also known as Raudri, Rudrani and Maheshi.
The Bhavanopanishad (9) recognizes Matrikas as eight types of un-favourable dispositions, such as: desire, anger, greed, delusion, pride, jealousy, demerit and merit. Tantra-raja-tantra (36; 15-16) expands on that and identifies Maheshvari with the tendency to degenerate and dissipate (krodha).
According to Khadgamala (vamachara) tradition of Sri Vidya, the eight Matrkas are located along the wall (four at the doors and four at the corners) guarding the city (Tripura) on all eight directions: Maheshvari on the North.Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4)
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Māheśvarī (माहेश्वरी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Māheśvarī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
1) Maheśvarī (महेश्वरी).—The Goddess enshrined at Mahākāla;1 a name of Lalitā;2 Gā and Virūpā dropped out of the face of Maheśvara; also Rudrāṇī and Mahādevī; was Mati, Smṛti, and Buddhi; asked by Mahādeva to bring the world under control by Yoga.3
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 41.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 10. 7; 14. 3; 28. 89; 29. 102; 40. 2.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 5.
2b) Created out of Dakṣiṇāgni for the use of the Kāśi King's son to avenge his father's death at the hands of Kṛṣṇa; unable to bear the Sudarśana of Kṛṣṇa she fled to Kāśī.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 34. 39.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Maheshvari refers to the third Matrka and is the shakthi of Shiva. She is white in complexion; and has three eyes. She is depicted with four arms; two of which are in the Varada and the Abhaya mudra, while the other two hands hold the trishula and akshamala. Sometimes, she is also shown holding panapatra (drinking vessel) or axe or an antelope or a kapala (skull-bowl) or a serpent. Her banner as well as the vahana is Nandi (bull). She wears snake-bracelets; and jata-makuta on her head.
The Vishnudharmottara mentions that Goddess Maheshvari should be depicted with five faces, each possessing three eyes and each adorned with jata-makuta crown and crescent moon. Her complexion is white. She is depicted with six arms. In four of the hands she carries the sutra, damaru, shula and ghanta. The other two hands gesture Abhaya and Varada mudra. Her banner also has the Bull for its emblem.Source: Sreenivasarao's blog: Saptamatrka (part 4) (shilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Māheśvarī (माहेश्वरी) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.82.101). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Māheśvarī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Ayurveda (science of life)
Māheśvarī (माहेश्वरी) is another name for Yavatiktā, a medicinal plant identified with Andrographis paniculata (creat or green chireta) from the Acanthaceae or “acanthus family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.76-78 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Māheśvarī and Yavatiktā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)
A Maheshwari (Sanskrit: माहेश्वरी, māheśvarī) is a follower of Maheshwarism. “Maheshwari” properly refers to adherents of Maheshwarism as a religion, not an ethnic group. A Maheshwari place of worship is called Mandir (Mahesh Mandir). A Maheshwari is believes in Mahesh Pariwar (Shiv Parivar) and gurus and their teachings truth, love and justice. Maheshwarism emphasis community services and helping the needy. The Marwad, Rajasthan region is the historic homeland of the Maheshwaris, although significant communities exist around the world.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Maheshvari is the power of Lord Mahesha (Shiva), also known as Maheshvara. Maheshvari is depicted seated on Nandi (the bull) and has two, four or six hands. The white complexioned, the three eyed Goddess holds a trident, drum, a garland of beads, drinking vessel, axe and a skull-bowl. She is adorned with serpent bracelets, the crescent moon and a headdress formed of piled, matted hair, with a serpent on it. And just like Lord Shiva, she also wears a serpent around her neck. She is also known by the names Raudri, Rudrani, Shankari, Shiva and Maheshi.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
India history and geogprahy
Maheshvari (or, Maheśvarī) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to various sources. The associated place of origin is known as Didavane (or, Ḍīḍavāṇe). The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Maheshvari), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.
According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Maheshvari) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).
The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (eg., Maheshvari) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places (eg., Didavane), and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.Source: Wisdom Library: India History
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Maheshvari, Mahesvari, Māheśvarī or Maheśvarī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 12 - On the anecdote of Sāvarṇi Manu < [Book 10]
Chapter 24 - On the worship of the Devī < [Book 8]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XL - Maheshvara worship < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter XXIV - The worship of Ganapati < [Agastya Samhita]
Chapter CCXXIII - The Tripura Vidya < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 25 - The greatness of Rudrākṣa < [Section 1 - Vidyeśvara-saṃhitā]
Chapter 4 - The exalted magnificence of Gaurī and Śiva < [Section 7.2 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (2)]
Chapter 1 - The discussion among Vyāsa, Śaunaka and others < [Section 6 - Kailāsa-saṃhitā]
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)