Amsha, aka: Aṃsa, Aṃśa, Amsa; 15 Definition(s)


Amsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṃśa can be transliterated into English as Amsa or Amsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Aṃśa (अंश).—A sage of the family of Marīci. Genealogy. He was descended from Viṣṇu through Brahmā, Marīci and Kaśyapa. Birth. Marīci was one of the six sons, all ṛṣis, of Brahmā. These six sons, born parthogenetically of Brahmā, were: Marīci, Aṅgiras, Atri, Pulastya, Pulaha and Kratu. Marīci had a son named Kaśyapa. Kaśyapa married the thirteen daughters of Dakṣa. The eldest of them, Aditi, gave birth to twelve sons Dhātā, Aryaman, Mitra, Śakra, Varuṇa, Aṃśa, Bhaga, Vivasvān, Pūṣan, Savitā, Tvaṣṭā and Viṣṇu. Aṃśa is one of these twelve sons who have been called the twelve Ādityas. (See Chapter 65 of Ādi Parva of the Mahābhārata). Events. The Mahābhārata says (Śloka 66, Chapter 123) that Aṃśa was present at the time of Arjuna’s birth when several devas had come there to see the infant. In Śloka 34, Chapter 45 of Śalya Parva it is said that Aṃśa was present on the occasion of the Abhiṣeka of Skandadeva. Aṃśa is said to have presented to Skandadeva five good warriors: Parigha, Vaṭa, Bhīma, Dahana and Dahati. (See full article at Story of Aṃśa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Aṃśa (अंश).—Name of a god with the Hemanta sun; a Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 23. 16; 36. 11.

1b) An Āditya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 66; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 131.

1c) The Rākṣasa who resides in the sun's chariot during the month of Mārgaśīrṣa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 10. 13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aṃśa (अंश) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.15, I.65, IX.44.5) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aṃśa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Aṃśa (अंश, “part”) refers to the “parts” (decorative mouldings) of an adhiṣṭhāna (pedestal or base of a structure) or an upapīṭha (sub-structure, beneath the adhiṣṭhāna).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Aṃśa (अंश, “part”) refers to the “governing note” or the “key-note” in Indian music, and is one of the ten characteristics (gati) of the jāti (melodic class), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It is also known as aṃśagati or aṃśasvara. Jāti refers to a recognized melody-type and can be seen as a precursor to rāgas which replaced them.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 28.76-78, “the aṃśa is that note in the song on which its charm (rāga) depends, and from which the charm proceeds; it is the basis of the variation into low (mandra) and high (tāra) pitches depending on the first five notes (pañcasvarapara), and in the combination of many notes it is perceived prominently (atyartham), and moreover other strong notes may be to it in relation of consonance and assonance, and it is related to the graha, apanyāsa, vinyāsa, saṃnyāsa and nyāsa notes (svara), and it lies scattered throughout the song”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Aṃśa (अंश, “part”) refers to the (alternate) sixth of āyādiṣaḍvarga, six principles that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object, according to the Mānasāra. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

Aṃśa, “part”, sometimes presented as the alternate to tithi, is nine in number. The Mānasāra does not give a full list of them. According to the Mayamata, they are:

  1. taskara, “thief”;
  2. bhukti, “enjoyment”;
  3. śakti, “power”;
  4. dhana, “wealth”;
  5. rāja / rājan, “king”;
  6. ṣaṇḍa, “eunuch”;
  7. abhaya, “absence of fear” (or “refuge”);
  8. vipat, “adversity”;
  9. samṛddhi, “success”.

The Mayamata states that among these, taskara, ṣaṇḍa and vipat are inauspicious, and therefore to be avoided.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Aṃśa (अंश).—1. Degree. 2. Part. 3. An upper vertex of a quadrilateral. Note: Aṃśa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Amsha is the God of luck, one of the Adityas. He is the son of Aditi and sage Kashyapa. He is invoked together with his brothers, Mitra and Varuna.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Aṃsa (अंस, “shoulder”) refers to that part of the human body from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his shoulders (aṃsa).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Amsha in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

aṃsa : (m.; nt.) 1. a part; a side; 2. shoulder.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Aṃsa, 2 (see next) point, corner, edge; freg. in combn with numerals, e. g. catur° four-cornered, chaḷ°, aṭṭh°, soḷas° etc. (q. v.) all at Dhs.617 (cp. DhsA.317). In connection with a Vimāna: āyat° with wide or protruding capitals (of its pillars) Vv 8415; as part of a carriagepole Vv 642 (= kubbara-phale patiṭṭhitā heṭṭhima-aṃsā VvA.265). (Page 1)

2) Aṃsa, 1 (Vedic aṃsa; cp. Gr. w)μos, Lat. umerus, Goth ams, Arm. us) (a) the shoulder A v. 110; Sn.609. aṃse karoti to put on the shoulder, to shoulder J.I, 9. (b.) a part (lit. side) (cp. °āsa in koṭṭhāsa and expln of aṃsa as koṭṭhāsa at DA.I, 312, also v. l. mettāsa for mettaṃsa at It.22). — atīt’aṃse in former times, formerly D.II, 224; Th.2, 314. mettaṃsa sharing friendship (with) A.IV, 151 = It.22 = J.IV, 71 (in which connection Miln.402 reads ahiṃsā). — Disjunctive ekena aṃsena . . . ekena aṃsena on the one hand (side) . . . on the other, partly . . . partly A.I, 61. From this: ekaṃsa (adj.) on the one hand (only), i. e. incomplete (opp. ubhayaṃsa) or (as not admitting of a counterpart) definite, certain, without doubt (opp. dvidhā): see ekaṃsa. — paccaṃsena according to each one’s share A.III, 38. puṭaṃsena with a knapsack for provisions D.I, 117; A II 183; cp. DA.I, 288, with v. l. puṭosena at both passages.

—kūṭa “shoulder prominence”, the shoulder Vin.III, 127; DhA.III, 214; IV, 136; VvA.121. — vaṭṭaka a shoulder strap (mostly combd with kāyabandhana; vv. ll. °vaddhaka, °bandhaka) Vin.I, 204 (T. °bandhaka); II, 114 (ddh); IV, 170 (ddh); Vv 3340 (T. °bandhana, C. v. l. °vaṭṭaka); DhA.III, 452. (Page 1)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

aṃśa (अंश).—m (S) A part, portion, piece, share. This word is freely and elegantly used in comp. and, it may appear to the learner, with some variation of sense. As none of its combinations can be inserted in order the following examples should be studied. Ex. jalāṃśa, pittāṃśa, jvarāṃśa, arthāṃśa, mṛttikāṃśa,annāṃśa, ārdrāṃśa, dhānyāṃśa The water-portion or the (specified or mentioned) quantity of water &c. &c. 2 Remaining influence or effect; remains or remnant of. Ex. kēḷīṃ khāllīṃ tara tyāñcā aṃśa phāra vēḷa rāhatō. 3 A degree of latitude or longitude; a degree generally or 1&2044;360th of a circle. 4 In arith. and alg. A fraction: also the numerator of a fraction. 5 Shoulder-blade.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṃśa (अंश).—m A part, a fraction, remnant of. A degree

--- OR ---

āṃsa (आंस).—m An axle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṃśa (अंश).—[aṃś-ac]

1) A share, part, portion, division; member; सकृदंशो निपतति (sakṛdaṃśo nipatati) Ms.9.47; तुर्यांशः (turyāṃśaḥ) a fourth part; षष्ठ° (ṣaṣṭha°); ममैवांशो जीवलोके जीवभूतः सनातनः (mamaivāṃśo jīvaloke jīvabhūtaḥ sanātanaḥ) Bg.15.7; भुवमंशाविव धर्मयोर्गतौ (bhuvamaṃśāviva dharmayorgatau) R.8.16; अंशेन दर्शितानुकूलता (aṃśena darśitānukūlatā) K.159 partly.

2) A share in property, inheritance; स्वतोंऽशतः (svatoṃ'śataḥ) Ms.8.48; अनंशौ क्लीबपतितौ (anaṃśau klībapatitau) 9.21; पत्न्यः कार्याः समांशिकाः (patnyaḥ kāryāḥ samāṃśikāḥ) Y.2.115.

3) the numerator of a fraction; अन्योन्यहाराभिहतौ हरांशौ (anyonyahārābhihatau harāṃśau) Līlā.; sometimes used for fraction itself.

4) A degree of latitude (or longitude); अक्षस्यांशाः समाख्याताः षष्टयुत्तरशतत्रयम् (akṣasyāṃśāḥ samākhyātāḥ ṣaṣṭayuttaraśatatrayam); स च अंशः षष्टिकलात्मकः, कला तु षष्टिविकलात्मिका (sa ca aṃśaḥ ṣaṣṭikalātmakaḥ, kalā tu ṣaṣṭivikalātmikā)

5) The shoulder (more correctly written as aṃsa, q. v.).

6) Name of one of the Ādityas; Mb.1.227.25; cf. also the beginning of T. Ā. The senses of 'party', 'a share of booty', 'earnest money', which are said to occur in the Veda are traceable to 1 above.

7) The vital note in a Rāga.

Derivable forms: aṃśaḥ (अंशः).

--- OR ---

Aṃsa (अंस).—[aṃs karmabhāvādau ac]

1) A part, portion; See अंशः (aṃśaḥ).

2) The shoulder, shoulder-blade; यदयं रथसंक्षोभादंसेनांसो रथोपमश्रोण्याः (yadayaṃ rathasaṃkṣobhādaṃsenāṃso rathopamaśroṇyāḥ) V.1.13.

3) Name of a prince. (-sau) The two angles of an altar [cf. Goth. amsa; L. ansa, humerus; Gr. omor.]

Derivable forms: aṃsaḥ (अंसः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 293 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Aṃśāṃśa (अंशांश).—[ṣa. ta.] a secondary incarnation; part of a portion. Derivable forms: aṃśāṃś...
Akṣāṃśa (अक्षांश).—Local latitude in degrees. Note: Akṣāṃśa is a Sanskrit technical term used i...
Aṃśāvatāra (अंशावतार).—The incarnation of God on earth is called avatāra. When the incarnation ...
Antaraṃsa (अन्तरंस).—the breast (= aṃtarā-aṃsa q. v.). Derivable forms: antaraṃsaḥ (अन्तरंसः).A...
Natāṃśa (नतांश).—n. (-rśaṃ) Zenith distance, (in Astronomy.) E. nata, and aṃśa a degree.
Ayanāṃśa (अयनांश).—Arc of the ecliptic intercepted between the vernal equinox and the zero poin...
Ekāṃśa (एकांश).—adj. and subst. (m.? compare the following items; = Pali ekaṃsa, in PTSD define...
Svarāṃśa (स्वरांश).—a half or quarter tone (in music). Derivable forms: svarāṃśaḥ (स्वरांशः).Sv...
Dināṃśa (दिनांश).—m. (-śaḥ) A portion of the day, a watch, an hour, or the three seasons of daw...
Rekhāṃśa (रेखांश).—a degree of longitude. Derivable forms: rekhāṃśaḥ (रेखांशः).Rekhāṃśa is a Sa...
Caturaṃśa (चतुरंश).—a fourth part. Derivable forms: caturaṃśaḥ (चतुरंशः).Caturaṃśa is a Sanskri...
Aṃsaphalaka (अंसफलक).—the upper part of the spine. Derivable forms: aṃsaphalakaḥ (अंसफलकः).Aṃsa...
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