Ida, Iḍā, Idā, Īḍā: 12 definitions

Introduction

Ida means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Iḍā (इडा).—Daughter of Vāyu (wind-god). Iḍā had a son Utkala by Dhruva.

2) Iḍā (इडा).—Daughter of Manu. In Taittirīya Brāhmaṇa, we find the following reference to this Iḍā:—

2) Once Manu came to know that Devas and Asuras had performed an Agnyādhāna (consecration of the fire). To ascertain whether it was deposited at the proper time, Manu sent Iḍā to them. Iḍā found that both parties had followed the wrong method, She said to Manu:—"Your yajña (Agnyādhāna) should not be as ineffectual as that of the Devas and Asuras. Therefore I myself shall deposit the Trividhāgnis (the three Agnis which are to be set in the proper place) at the proper place." Manu agreed and began his yāga. As a result of it the Devas attained plenty and prosperity.

2) Once when Iḍā was in the presence of Manu. the Devas invited her openly and the Asuras invited her covertly. Since Iḍā accepted the invitation of the Devas, all creatures abandoned the Asuras and joined the party of Devas. (Taittirīya Saṃhitā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Iḍā (इडा).—See ilā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 7.

1b) A śakti of Māruta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 33. 70.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga

Iḍā (इडा) refers to the “left principle channel” and is explained in terms of kuṇḍalinīyoga by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka.—The body is described, starting from the “bulb” (kanda), the place in which the subtle channels (nāḍī) originate, located between anus and penis (28–9). The three principal channels are iḍā (left), piṅgalā (right) and suṣumṇā (in the centre of the spine and the head). Inside the suṣumṇā is citrā, a channel connecting to the place on the top of the skull called the brahmarandhra (30–4).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Iḍā (इडा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Iḍā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ida, & Idaṃ (indecl.) (nt. of ayaṃ (idaṃ) in function of a deictic part.) emphatic demonstr. adv. in local, temporal & modal function, as (1) in this, here: idappaccayatā having its foundation in this, i.e. causally connected, by way of cause Vin.I, 5 = S.I, 136; D.I, 185; Dhs.1004, 1061; Vbh.340, 362, 365; Vism.518; etc.—(2) now, then which idha is more frequent) D.II, 267, 270, almost syn. (for with kira.—(3) just (this), even so, only: idam-atthika just sufficient, proper, right Th.1, 984 (cīvara); Pug.69 (read so for °maṭṭhika, see Pug.A 250); as idam-atthitā “being satisfied with what is sufficient” at Vism.81: expld. as atthika-bhāva at Pug.A 250. idaṃsaccâbhinivesa inclination to say: only this is the truth, i.e. inclination to dogmatise, one of the four kāya-ganthā, viz. abhijjhā, byāpāda, sīlabbata-parāmāsa, idaṃ° (see Dhs.1135 & Dhs.trsl. 304); D.III, 230; S.V, 59; Nd1 98; Nett 115 sq. (Page 120)

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

iḍā (इडा).—m S A certain tubular vessel, one of the (kṣvāsācyā nāḍyā) channels of the Vital spirit. In the anatomy of the Yoga school are particularized three great passages of the breath and air running from Os coccygis to the head. Of these iḍā is the passage on the right side, proceeding through (or springing from) the nābhicakra or um- bilical region and through the nose; piṅgaḷā that on the left; suṣumnāmnā ascends betwixt the two, entering into the middle of the head. Ex. iḍā āṇi piṅgaḷā vāhatī vōgha dōnhī || ahaṃ sōhaṃ smaraṇī nitya cālē || See ex. under suṣumnāmnā.

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īḍa (ईड).—f (S) The Lime-tree. 2 n also īḍalimbūṃ n A lime, Citrus limonum.

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īda (ईद).—f ( A) Any Muhammadan festival or solemnity. 2 m f A common term for the great festivals (makarasaṅkrānti, divāḷī, dasarā &c.) occurring in the first year after the marriage of a couple: on which they send to each other presents of sesamum, coarse sugar &c.: also such presents.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

iḍa (इड).—f The lime-tree; also īḍalimbū n A lime.

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īda (ईद).—f Any Muhammedan festival or solemnity.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iḍa (इड).—An epithet of Agni.

Derivable forms: iḍaḥ (इडः).

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Iḍā (इडा).—[il-ac, vā lasya ḍatvam]

1) The earth; प्रवुध्यते नूनमिडातलस्थः (pravudhyate nūnamiḍātalasthaḥ) Mb.

2) Speech.

3) An offering, libation (coming between prayāja and anuyāja); अग्निश्चते योनिरिडा च देहः (agniścate yoniriḍā ca dehaḥ) Mb.3.114.28.

4) Refreshing draught.

5) (Hence) Food.

6) (Fig.) Stream or flow of praise or worship personified as the goddess of sacred speech; इडोपहूताः क्रोशन्ति कुञ्जरास्त्वङ्कुशेरिताः (iḍopahūtāḥ krośanti kuñjarāstvaṅkuśeritāḥ) Mb.12.98.26.

7) Libation and offering of milk.

8) A cow. इडेरन्ते (iḍerante) &c. ŚB. on MS. 1.3.49.

9) Name of a goddess, daughter of Manu. (She is the wife of Budha and mother of Purūravas; she is also called maitrāvaruṇī as the daughter of mitra and varuṇa).

1) Name of Durgā

11) Heaven.

12) A tubular vessel (nāḍībheda), (being in the right side of the body).

See also (synonyms): ilā.

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Idā (इदा).—ind. Now, at this (present) moment; oft. with अहन् (ahan); इदाचिदह्नः (idācidahnaḥ); इदा ह्यः (idā hyaḥ) only yesterday.

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Īḍā (ईडा).—[īḍ-a-ṭāp] Praise, commendation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iḍā (इडा).—f.

(-ḍā) 1. The wife of Buddha, daughter of Ikshaku. 2. The earth. 3. A cow. 4. Speed. 5. A tubular vessel, one of the principal channels of the vital spirit, that which is on the right side of the body. 6. Heaven. 7. The goddess of speech. E. il to direct or send, ka affix, and ṭāp fem. la and ḍa are interchangeable: see ilā.

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Īḍā (ईडा).—f.

(-ḍā) Praise. E. īḍ to praise, ka and ṭāpa affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Iḍā (इडा).— (akin to īḍ), f. 1. Refreshment, ved. Chr. 288, 16 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 16 (written iḷa). 2. Oblations to the deities, Mahābhārata 2, 1304. 3. Speech, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 14036. 4. Earth, Mahābhārata 3, 14750. 5. The wife of Budha, Mahābhārata 1, 3141.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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