Shakrit, Sakṛt, Śakṛt, Śakṛn, Shakrin, Sakrit: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Shakrit means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sakṛt and Śakṛt and Śakṛn can be transliterated into English as Sakrt or Sakrit or Shakrit or Sakrn or Shakrin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Śakṛt (शकृत्) refers to the “dung” (of a new born calf), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Gulikā or pill is prepared from making a paste of the four products of (bovine) cow-dung, urine, curd and ghee on the fifth day of the dark fortnight. This is a potent anti-venom antidote. Pills made from dung and urine (śakṛn-mūtra) of a new born calf, dried in the shade are said to be always very potent in removing poison; the same mixed with urine can be used as antitode.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Śakṛt (शकृत्) refers to “feces”, mentioned in verse 4.2-4 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “by the stoppage of the downward wind (are caused) visceral induration, secretory stasis, pain, weariness, retention of wind, urine, and feces [viz., śakṛt-saṅga], impairment of vision and digestion, and heart-disease [...] (By the stoppage) of feces [viz., śakṛt] (are) said (to be caused) cramps in the calf, catarrh, headache, upward wind, colic, heart-trouble, outflow of stool through the mouth, and the above-named diseases”.

Note: śakṛtaḥ [śakṛt]—“of feces”, to which rodhena (“by the stoppage”) must be added from 2a, has been translated bśaṅ ’gags (“by stopped feces”), the technique being the same as above.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śakṛt (शकृत्) refers to “dung”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] At the same time, several phenomena of evil portent forboding misery and distress happened, when the son of Varāṅgī was born making the gods miserable. [...] Beasts in sheds and forests roamed here and there in great fright as though beaten and driven about, passing urine and shitting dungs [i.e., śakṛt-mūtra] as they pleased. Frightened cows sprayed blood through their udders; their eyes brimmed with tears, clouds showering putrid matter became terrifying. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Sakṛt (सकृत्) or Sakṛtsamīkaraṇa refers to “single equations” and represents one of the classes of Samīkaraṇa (“equations”), according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—Brahmagupta (628) in the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta has classified equations as three classes [e.g., equations in one unknown (ekavarṇa-samīkaraṇa)] [...]. Bhāskara II in the Bījagaṇita distinguishes two kinds of indeterminate equations: (1) sakṛt-samīkaraṇa (single equations) and (2) asakṛt-samīkaraṇa (multiple equations).

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Sakṛt (सकृत्) refers to “one”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.129-133, while describing daily rituals]—“[The Mantrin] performs daily fire rites for the prosperity of the kingdom of kings. The [king] enjoys the kingdom happily, there is no doubt. [His] enemies, etc., disappear, even through one Pūjā (sakṛt-pūjana). Overcome, they escape into to the ten directions like deer etc., from a lion. Poverty disappears from the [king's] family through the continual application of the rites. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Advaita Vedanta)

Sakṛt (सकृत्) refers to “perpetual (light)”, according to the Māṇḍūkyopaniṣatkārikā 3.37.—Accordingly, while discussing the no-mind state: “Devoid of all expression and having transcended all thought, Samādhi is very peaceful, its light perpetually (sakṛj-jyotis) [illuminates], [and it is] immovable and fearless”.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śakṛt (शकृत्), Śakan, denotes ‘dung’ in the Rigveda and later. It is clear that the value of manure was early appreciated (see Karīṣa). For the use of the smoke of dung or of a dung fire for prognosticating the weather, see Śakadhūma.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sakṛt (सकृत्) refers to “a single time”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIX.—Accordingly, “the characters Si-ki (sakṛt) mean ‘a single time’; K’ie-mi (āgāmin) means ‘who comes back’. The ascetic so named, having left this world and taken rebirth among the gods, comes back from there one single time [into the world of men] and there finds the end to suffering”.

Sakṛt and Āgāmin make Sakṛdāgāmin. Notes: By the complete destruction of the three fetters (in the course of the darśanamārga) and by the lessening of desire, hatred and delusion (in the course of the bhāvanāmārga), after his death he becomes a sakṛdāgāmin: having returned only once to this world (the kāmadhātu), he will realize the end of suffering.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śakṛt (शकृत्).—n S Fæces, excrement, ordure.

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sakṛt (सकृत्).—ad S Once.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sakṛt (सकृत्).—ad Once. sakṛddarśanīṃ ad At the first- sight or view of, on a superficial view. At the very outset, at the moment of setting to.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śakṛt (शकृत्).—n. [śak-ṛtan Un.4.58] Ordure, excrement, especially of animals.

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—ind.

1) Once; सकृदंशो निपतति सकृत् कन्या प्रदीयते । सकृदाह ददानीति त्रीण्येतानि सतां सकृत् (sakṛdaṃśo nipatati sakṛt kanyā pradīyate | sakṛdāha dadānīti trīṇyetāni satāṃ sakṛt) Manusmṛti 9.47.

2) At one time, on one occasion, formerly, once; सकृत् कृतप्रणयोऽयं जनः (sakṛt kṛtapraṇayo'yaṃ janaḥ) Ś.5.

3) At once.

4) Always.

5) Together with. m., f. Feces, excrement (usually written śakṛt q. v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakṛt (शकृत्).—n. (-kṛt) Fæces, excrement. E. śak to be able, (to expel,) Unadi aff. ṛtan .

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—m. (-kṛt) Fæces, ordure: more usually, śakṛt. Ind. 1. Once. 2. With, together with. 3. Always. 4. Formerly. E. sakṛt substituted for eka one.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakṛt (शकृत्).—and sakṛt sakṛt (for original skṛt, from the old form of the vb. kṛ10), n., the base of some cases is śakan, Fæces, excrement, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 182.

— Cf. [Anglo-Saxon.] scearn; perhaps [Latin] stercus and cerda in su-cerda (rather to śṛdh?), etc.; and [Gothic.] spai-skuldrs, Spittle.

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—[sa-kṛ + t], adv. 1. Once, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 10. 2. At once, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 217, 5. 3. With, together. Cf. śakṛt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakṛt (शकृत्).—[neuter] dung (cf. śakan).

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—[adverb] at once, suddenly; once (semel or olim); ever ([with] neg. never); once for all, evermore.

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—cut etc. (together).

Sakṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and kṛt (कृत्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śakṛt (शकृत्):—n. (the weak cases are optionally formed [from] a base śakan cf. [Pāṇini 6-1, 3]; śakṛt [nominative case] [accusative] sg. and [in the beginning of a compound]; [genitive case] sg. śaknas, [Atharva-veda]; [instrumental case] śaknā, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā], or śakṛtā, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] [instrumental case] [plural] śakabhis, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; [accusative] [plural] śakṛtas, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]), excrement, ordure, feces, dung ([especially] cow-dung), [Ṛg-veda etc. etc.]

2) cf. [Greek] σκώρ, σκατός,; [according to] to some, κόπρος, and [Latin] cacare.

3) Sakṛt (सकृत्):—[=sa-kṛt] [from sa > sa-kaṅkaṭa] a See sub voce

4) [=sa-kṛt] 1. sa-kṛt mfn. ([from] 7. sa + 1. kṛt) acting at once or simultaneously, [Atharva-veda xi, 1, 10]

5) [v.s. ...] ind. at once, suddenly, forthwith, immediately, [Ṛg-veda; Brāhmaṇa; ???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] once (= semel, with ahnaḥ, ‘once a day’; repeated = ‘in each case only once’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] once, formerly, ever (with = ‘never’), [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

8) [v.s. ...] once for all, for ever, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Kāvya literature; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] at once, together, [Horace H. Wilson][For cognate words See under 7. sa.]

10) 2. sakṛt [wrong reading] for śakṛt q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śakṛn (शकृन्):—[from śakṛt] in [compound] for śakṛt.

2) Sakṛn (सकृन्):—[from sa-kṛt] in [compound] for 1. sakṛt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śakṛt (शकृत्):—(t) 5. n. Fæces.

2) Sakṛt (सकृत्):—(t) 5. m. Fæces. adv. Once; together with; always.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sakṛt (सकृत्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sai, Sakayaṃ.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shakrit in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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