Shakrit, Sakṛt, Śakṛt, Sakrit: 10 definitions

Introduction

Shakrit means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sakṛt and Śakṛt can be transliterated into English as Sakrt or Sakrit or Shakrit, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Śakṛt (शकृत्) refers to “feces”, mentioned in verse 4.2-4 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “by the stoppage of the downward wind (are caused) visceral induration, secretory stasis, pain, weariness, retention of wind, urine, and feces [viz., śakṛt-saṅga], impairment of vision and digestion, and heart-disease [...] (By the stoppage) of feces [viz., śakṛt] (are) said (to be caused) cramps in the calf, catarrh, headache, upward wind, colic, heart-trouble, outflow of stool through the mouth, and the above-named diseases”.

Note: śakṛtaḥ [śakṛt]—“of feces”, to which rodhena (“by the stoppage”) must be added from 2a, has been translated bśaṅ ’gags (“by stopped feces”), the technique being the same as above.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śakṛt (शकृत्), Śakan, denotes ‘dung’ in the Rigveda and later. It is clear that the value of manure was early appreciated (see Karīṣa). For the use of the smoke of dung or of a dung fire for prognosticating the weather, see Śakadhūma.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sakṛt (सकृत्) refers to “a single time”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIX.—Accordingly, “the characters Si-ki (sakṛt) mean ‘a single time’; K’ie-mi (āgāmin) means ‘who comes back’. The ascetic so named, having left this world and taken rebirth among the gods, comes back from there one single time [into the world of men] and there finds the end to suffering”.

Sakṛt and Āgāmin make Sakṛdāgāmin. Notes: By the complete destruction of the three fetters (in the course of the darśanamārga) and by the lessening of desire, hatred and delusion (in the course of the bhāvanāmārga), after his death he becomes a sakṛdāgāmin: having returned only once to this world (the kāmadhātu), he will realize the end of suffering.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śakṛt (शकृत्).—n S Fæces, excrement, ordure.

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sakṛt (सकृत्).—ad S Once.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sakṛt (सकृत्).—ad Once. sakṛddarśanīṃ ad At the first- sight or view of, on a superficial view. At the very outset, at the moment of setting to.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śakṛt (शकृत्).—n. [śak-ṛtan Un.4.58] Ordure, excrement, especially of animals.

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—ind.

1) Once; सकृदंशो निपतति सकृत् कन्या प्रदीयते । सकृदाह ददानीति त्रीण्येतानि सतां सकृत् (sakṛdaṃśo nipatati sakṛt kanyā pradīyate | sakṛdāha dadānīti trīṇyetāni satāṃ sakṛt) Ms.9.47.

2) At one time, on one occasion, formerly, once; सकृत् कृतप्रणयोऽयं जनः (sakṛt kṛtapraṇayo'yaṃ janaḥ) Ś.5.

3) At once.

4) Always.

5) Together with. m., f. Feces, excrement (usually written śakṛt q. v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakṛt (शकृत्).—n. (-kṛt) Fæces, excrement. E. śak to be able, (to expel,) Unadi aff. ṛtan .

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—m. (-kṛt) Fæces, ordure: more usually, śakṛt. Ind. 1. Once. 2. With, together with. 3. Always. 4. Formerly. E. sakṛt substituted for eka one.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakṛt (शकृत्).—and sakṛt sakṛt (for original skṛt, from the old form of the vb. kṛ10), n., the base of some cases is śakan, Fæces, excrement, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 182.

— Cf. [Anglo-Saxon.] scearn; perhaps [Latin] stercus and cerda in su-cerda (rather to śṛdh?), etc.; and [Gothic.] spai-skuldrs, Spittle.

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—[sa-kṛ + t], adv. 1. Once, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 10. 2. At once, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 217, 5. 3. With, together. Cf. śakṛt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakṛt (शकृत्).—[neuter] dung (cf. śakan).

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—[adverb] at once, suddenly; once (semel or olim); ever ([with] neg. never); once for all, evermore.

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Sakṛt (सकृत्).—cut etc. (together).

Sakṛt is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and kṛt (कृत्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śakṛt (शकृत्):—n. (the weak cases are optionally formed [from] a base śakan cf. [Pāṇini 6-1, 3]; śakṛt [nominative case] [accusative] sg. and [in the beginning of a compound]; [genitive case] sg. śaknas, [Atharva-veda]; [instrumental case] śaknā, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā], or śakṛtā, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] [instrumental case] [plural] śakabhis, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; [accusative] [plural] śakṛtas, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]), excrement, ordure, feces, dung ([especially] cow-dung), [Ṛg-veda etc. etc.]

2) cf. [Greek] σκώρ, σκατός,; [according to] to some, κόπρος, and [Latin] cacare.

3) Sakṛt (सकृत्):—[=sa-kṛt] [from sa > sa-kaṅkaṭa] a See sub voce

4) [=sa-kṛt] 1. sa-kṛt mfn. ([from] 7. sa + 1. kṛt) acting at once or simultaneously, [Atharva-veda xi, 1, 10]

5) [v.s. ...] ind. at once, suddenly, forthwith, immediately, [Ṛg-veda; Brāhmaṇa; ???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] once (= semel, with ahnaḥ, ‘once a day’; repeated = ‘in each case only once’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] once, formerly, ever (with = ‘never’), [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā]

8) [v.s. ...] once for all, for ever, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Kāvya literature; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] at once, together, [Horace H. Wilson][For cognate words See under 7. sa.]

10) 2. sakṛt [wrong reading] for śakṛt q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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