Candikeshvara, Caṇḍikeśvara, Candika-ishvara: 3 definitions



Candikeshvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Caṇḍikeśvara can be transliterated into English as Candikesvara or Candikeshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandikeshvara.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

[«previous next»] — Candikeshvara in Vastushastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Caṇḍikeśvara (चण्डिकेश्वर).—The iconographic description of Caṇḍikeśvara is as follows. He should be represented always two handed. His right hand holds paraśu and the left is jānuhasta. He should be installed on the side of the pranala facing south. Good number of sculptures of Caṇḍikeśvara are found in the region (southern India).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Candikeshvara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Caṇḍikeśvara (चण्डिकेश्वर) is the name of a Liṅga (symbolical manifestation of Śiva) that is associated with the Piṇḍāraka-tīrtha (a sacred bathing place). It represents the fifty-second of the sixty-four siddhaliṅgas mentioned in the Nepalese Tyasaphu (a folding book or leporello). At each of these spots Śiva is manifest as a Liṅga. Each of these liṅgas (e.g., Caṇḍika-īśvara) has its own specific name, mantra, set of rituals and observances, auspicious time etc.

The auspiscious time for bathing near the Caṇḍikeśvara-liṅga at the Piṇḍāraka-tīrtha is mentioned as “caitra-kṛṣṇa-caturdaśī” (latin: caitra-krishna-caturdashi). This basically represents the recommended day for bathing there (snānadina).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

[«previous next»] — Candikeshvara in Shilpashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

1) Candikeśvara is the name of a deity depicted in the Jambukeswarar Temple in Tiruvānaikoyil (Thiruvanaikaval) which is one of the Pañcasabhā or “five halls where Śiva is said to have danced”.—Candikeśvara is found seated in sukhāsana with two hands. The right hand is in kaṭaka-hasta and the left hand is in varada-hasta.

2) Candikeśvara is also depicted in the Meenakshi Temple in Madurai (or Madura), which represents a sacred place for the worship of The Goddess (Devī).—Candikeśvara is seated in sukhāsana with the hands in kaṭaka holding the axe and varada or sometimes resting on the thighs in nidrā-hasta. While depicting in dance, Candikeśvara is represented as seated in aindra-maṇḍala with the right hand in kapittha and the left hand in patāka inverted or sometimes in dolā-hasta. The devotee finds nearly fifty-one liṅgas followed by the image of Mahālakṣmī in padmāsana pose with flowers in both the upper hands. In the corner there is the ratna-sabhā where the dancing Naṭarāja is seen with left leg lifted and the other features the same as described earlier. Śivakāmi is found beside the dancing god.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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