Chandra: 2 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Chandra means something in the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Ambiguity: Although Chandra has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the word Candra. It further has the optional forms Chandrā and Chāndra.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

1) Chandra (“moon”) or Chandra Sishta or Suchandra or Vannavamsam is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Komatis (a trading caste of the Madras Presidency). The Komatis are said to have originally lived, and still live in large numbers on the banks of the Godavari river. One of the local names thereof is Gomati or Gomti, and the Sanskrit Gomati would, in Telugu, become corrupted into Komati. The sub-divisions are split up into septs (viz., Chandra), which are of a strictly exogamous character.

2) Chandra (“moon”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Kurubas (a tribe of South India). The Kurubas are sub-divided into clans or gumpus, each having a headman or guru called a gaudu, who gives his name to the clan. And the clans are again sub-divided into gotras or septs (viz., Chandra).

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Chandra in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) the moon; crescent; ~[kala] lunar crescent; a digit of the moon (sixteenth part of the circumference); ~[kamta] moonstone; ~[grahana] lunar eclipse; ~[bimdu] the nasal sign represented by a crescent with a dot over it ([m]), as distinct from [anusvara] represented by a dot above the top ([m]); ~[bimba] the lunar disc; ~[mamdala] the halo of the moon; ~[mukhi] a woman blessed with a moon-like face; ~[loka] the sphere or heaven of the moon; ~[vamsha] the lunar race—one of the two major kshatriya dynasties that flourished in ancient India; ~[vamshi] belonging to the lunar dynasty ([candravamsha]); ~[vadana] blessed with a moon-like face; ~[vadani] a beauty blessed with a moon-like face; ~[vara] Monday; ~[bimdu] see [camdrabimdu]; ~[shekhara] Lord Shiv—whose head is said to be ever adorned by the presence of the lunar crescent; ~[hara] a kind of broad necklace..—chandra (चंद्र) is alternatively transliterated as Caṃdra.

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