Candrabha, Candrābha, Candrabhā: 6 definitions

Introduction

Candrabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrabha.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrabha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Candrabha (चन्द्रभ).—An Yakṣa; a son of Puṇyajani.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 124.

2) Candrabhā (चन्द्रभा).—Same as Hlādinī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 112. 72.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Candrabhā (चन्द्रभा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.70) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Candrabhā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrabha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Candrābha (चन्द्राभ) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Candrābha is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrabha in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Candrābha (चन्द्राभ) is the name of a kulakara (law-giver) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. His wife is named Prabhāvati according to Digambara. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers (eg., Candrābha) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrabha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Candrābha (चन्द्राभ).—n. of a former Buddha: Mv i.137.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candrabha (चन्द्रभ):—[=candra-bha] [from candra > cand] m. Name of an attendant of Skanda, [Mahābhārata ix, 2577]

2) Candrabhā (चन्द्रभा):—[=candra-bhā] [from candra-bha > candra > cand] f. = -puṣpā, [Bhāvaprakāśa v, 3, 40.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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