Jyotishi, Jyotiṣī: 4 definitions

Introduction

Jyotishi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Jyotiṣī can be transliterated into English as Jyotisi or Jyotishi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: archive.org: Studies in Kautilya Vocabulary

Jyotiṣī (ज्योतिषी) refers to a type of profession mentioned in the Śukranītisāra 2.128-188.—The Śukranītisāra is a Sanskrit work on ethics by Śukrācārya comprised of four chapters. The second chapter (uvarājādikṛtya, “the duties of the royal princes and the like”) describes a large number of varied topics, eg., it contains observations on the ministers, priests, sacive, treasury, a large number of officers and employees (such as a Jyotiṣī).

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Jyotiṣī (ज्योतिषी) refers to “stellar (luminary) celestial beings” and represents one of the four classes of Devas, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.3. They are named after their vehicle which is endowed with shining light. These are called by the significant general name luminaries or stellar.

Stellar celestial beings (jyotiṣī) are of five subclasses:

  1. suns (Sūrya),
  2. moons (Candra),
  3. planets (Graha),
  4. constellations (Nakṣatra),
  5. scattered stars (Prakīrṇaka).

Where do stellar celestial beings revolve? They revolve in a zone between 790 and 900 yojana above the citra earth. What is the form of the vehicle of the stellar celestial beings? The vehicle i.e. means of conveyance, called vimāna are in the shape of semicircle facing upwards. Do the stellar celestial beings roam? They roam only in the region of human beings (manuṣyaloka) and not beyond.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jyōtiṣī (ज्योतिषी).—m (S) An astronomer or astrologer.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jyotiṣī (ज्योतिषी).—A planet, star, luminary.

-ṣkam Name of the shining peak of Meru.

-ṣkaḥ The चित्रक (citraka) tree.

See also (synonyms): jyotiṣka.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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