Jyotishi, Jyotiṣī: 6 definitions
Jyotishi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Jyotiṣī can be transliterated into English as Jyotisi or Jyotishi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Arthashastra (politics and welfare)
Jyotiṣī (ज्योतिषी) refers to a type of profession mentioned in the Śukranītisāra 2.128-188.—The Śukranītisāra is a Sanskrit work on ethics by Śukrācārya comprised of four chapters. The second chapter (uvarājādikṛtya, “the duties of the royal princes and the like”) describes a large number of varied topics, eg., it contains observations on the ministers, priests, sacive, treasury, a large number of officers and employees (such as a Jyotiṣī).
Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Jyotiṣī (ज्योतिषी) refers to “stellar (luminary) celestial beings” and represents one of the four classes of Devas, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.3. They are named after their vehicle which is endowed with shining light. These are called by the significant general name luminaries or stellar.
Stellar celestial beings (jyotiṣī) are of five subclasses:
- suns (Sūrya),
- moons (Candra),
- planets (Graha),
- constellations (Nakṣatra),
- scattered stars (Prakīrṇaka).
Where do stellar celestial beings revolve? They revolve in a zone between 790 and 900 yojana above the citra earth. What is the form of the vehicle of the stellar celestial beings? The vehicle i.e. means of conveyance, called vimāna are in the shape of semicircle facing upwards. Do the stellar celestial beings roam? They roam only in the region of human beings (manuṣyaloka) and not beyond.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
jyōtiṣī (ज्योतिषी).—m (S) An astronomer or astrologer.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Jyotiṣī (ज्योतिषी).—A planet, star, luminary.
-ṣkam Name of the shining peak of Meru.
-ṣkaḥ The चित्रक (citraka) tree.
See also (synonyms): jyotiṣka.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Jyotiṣī (ज्योतिषी):—(nm) an astrologer.
1) [noun] a man who practices astrology; an astrologer.
2) [noun] (Jain.) a particular class of deities.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Jyotishika, Jyotishimant, Jyotishimat.
Full-text (+1): Jyotishka, Jyotishika, Jyautishika, Uddyota, Atapa, Joshi, Nirapeksha, Shastribana, Jyotishimat, Lokapala, Surya, Trayastrimsha, Candra, Nakshatra, Jyotisha, Graha, Prakirnaka, Deva, Ashtadhikara, Nipata.
Search found 3 books and stories containing Jyotishi, Jyotiṣī, Jyotisi, Jyōtiṣī, Jyōtiṣi, Jyōtishi; (plurals include: Jyotishis, Jyotiṣīs, Jyotisis, Jyōtiṣīs, Jyōtiṣis, Jyōtishis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 4.15 - The luminary deva outside the human region (manuṣyaloka) < [Chapter 4 - The Celestial Beings]
Verse 4.14 - The divisions of time (kāla-vibhāga) < [Chapter 4 - The Celestial Beings]
Verse 4.13 - The movement of the luminary beings (jyotiṣī-deva) < [Chapter 4 - The Celestial Beings]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.3.55 < [Chapter 3 - Calculation of the Lord’s Horoscope]
Verse 1.3.12 < [Chapter 3 - Calculation of the Lord’s Horoscope]
Rivers in Ancient India (study) (by Archana Sarma)
3. Naturural elements worshipped as god < [Chapter 1 - Introduction]