Ardhacandra, aka: Ardha-candra; 8 Definition(s)
Ardhacandra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Ardhachandra.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Ardhacandra (अर्धचन्द्र, “crescent moon”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Ardha-candra (half-moon): the thumb of the Patāka hand isstretched out. Usage: the moon on the eighth day of the dark fortnight, a hand seizing the throat, a spear, consecrating animage, a platter, origin, waist, anxiety, one’s self, meditation,prayer, touching the limbs, greeting common people.
Note: This hand often replaces the Patāka, e.g., in the Abhaya-mudrā.
According to another book: same definition. This hand originatesfrom the desire of Śiva for ornaments, of which the moonis one. Its sage is Atri, its race Vaiṣya, its colour smoky, itspatron deity Mahādeva. Usage: bangle, wrist, mirror, astonishment, effort, intemperance, entirety, beating time, tying up the hair, supporting the cheek in grief, the ear of an elephant, expelling evil-doers, wiping sweat from the brow, adolescence, ability, moon, greeting common people, consecration, eyebrow, cloth, bow, preëminence, tightening the girdle, making a vessel, the body, movement of the feet, carrying a child, the back, white colour, Vaiṣya caste.(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Ardhacandra (अर्धचन्द्र, “crescent moon”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The fingers and the thumb so bent as to make a curve like a bow.
(Uses): With this should be represented young trees, crescent moon, conch shell, jar (kalaśa), bracelet, forcible opening, exertion, thinness and drinking. With this [very] Ardhacandra hand women should represent girdle, hip waist, face, Tālapatra and earring.(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Ardhacandrā (अर्धचन्द्रा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ardhacandra (अर्धचन्द्र) refers to “half moon” and represents one of the thirty-two mudrās (hand gestures) of the single-hand type, commonly used by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—Ardhacandra hasta describes a half moon. In this form, the four fingers are held together, vertical to the palm, with the thumb held rigidly away from them. To give a clear effect of a half moon, this gesture should be held at an angle and not flat.(Source): Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Languages of India and abroad
ardhacandra (अर्धचंद्र).—m (S) The moon in her half increase or decrease, half-moon. 2 fig. The hand curved semicircularly, as for the purpose of clutching. 3 A clutch by the neck and push. v dē 4 A semicircular object or appearance gen.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ardhacandra (अर्धचंद्र).—m The half-moon, crescent moon. The hand bent into a semi-circle, for the purpose of seizing or clutching anything. ardhacandra dēṇēṃ To seize by the neck and turn out.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Ardhacandra (अर्धचन्द्र).—a. crescent-shaped.
Ardhacandra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ardha and candra (चन्द्र).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 588 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Candra (चन्द्र) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as ...
Candraśekhara (चन्द्रशेखर) is the name of an ancient king from Suvarṇadvīpa, as mentioned in th...
1) Candraprabha (चन्द्रप्रभ).—(See Sūryaprabhā).2) Candraprabhā (चन्द्रप्रभा).—Mother of the wo...
Candrakantā (चन्द्रकन्ता) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1...
Candrabhāga (चन्द्रभाग) is the name of a king according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśā...
Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश).—A royal dynasty the kings of which ruled India for a long time. Since ...
Candramaṇḍala (चन्द्रमण्डल).—1) the orb or disc of the moon. 2) the lunar sphere. 3) a halo rou...
Candrapura (चन्द्रपुर) is the name of an ancient city, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, ch...
Ardha (अर्ध).—Half. Note: Ardha is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences su...
Ardhanārīśvara (अर्धनारीश्वर) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume o...
Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला).—1) a digit of the moon; राहोश्चन्द्रकलामिवाननचरीं दैवात्समासाद्य मे (rā...
Rāmacandra (रामचन्द्र).—Name of Rāma, son of Daśaratha. Derivable forms: rāmacandraḥ (रामचन्द्र...
Candrodaya (चन्द्रोदय).—A brother of the Virāṭa King. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 158, Ve...
Candraśrī (चन्द्रश्री) is the wife of Balavarman, a merchant (vaṇij) from Kauśāmbī, according t...
Hemacandra (हेमचन्द्र).—Name of a celebrated Jaina lexicographer (of the 11th century). Derivab...
Search found 7 books and stories containing Ardhacandra or Ardha-candra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)