Candrapura, aka: Candra-pura, Candrāpura; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Candrapura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrapura.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Candrapura in Purana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Candrapura (चन्द्रपुर) is the name of a city that was destined to be turned into a lake as related to Gonanda by Bṛhadaśva according to the Nīlamata-purāṇa.—When the Nāga Mahāpadma approached Nīla and besought him for a dwelling place in Kaśmīra as his family was being devoured by Garuḍa, the Nāga king allotted to him the place which was formerly occupied by Ṣaḍaṅgula and where, after the banishment of Ṣaḍaṇgula, was constructed the city Candrapura ruled over by king Viśvagaśva.

Candrapura was destined to be turned into a lake due to the curse of the sage Durvāsā. In accordance with the advice of Nīla, Mahāpadma assumed the form of an old Brāhmaṇa, went to Viśvagaśva and asked for a dwelling sufficient for his big family. The prayer being granted, he assumed his own form and asked the king to go out along with his subjects as the whole town was required to accommodate his family. The righteous king vacated the town which thereafter was flooded by Mahāpadma.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Candrapura in Katha glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Candrapura (चन्द्रपुर) is the name of an ancient city, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, “... there was in a town named Candrapura a Brāhman named Devasvāmin: he had a very beautiful daughter named Kamalalocanā; and he had a young Brāhman pupil named Kusumāyudha, and that pupil and his daughter loved one another well”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Candrapura, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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India history and geogprahy

The ancient history of the district earlier known as Chanda and now Chandrapur (Candrapura or Chandrapura) is shrouded in mystery. Tradition and legends tell that the name of this place was “Lokapura”, which was first changed to “Indupur” and subsequently to Chandrapur. Chandrapur was the capital of the Gond dynasty from 12th to the 18th century.

Source: archive.org: Potential For Tourism Development In Vidarbha Region Maharashtra

1) Candrapura (चन्द्रपुर).—Dudia Plates of Pravarasena II mention the city of Candrapura. As shown by R. B. Hiralal, Candrapura is probably identical with Chandur in the Amaravati district of Maharashtra. At Chandur, there Is a confluence of two rivers, Candrabhāgā and Sarasvatī. Dr. Mirashi, however, inclined to identify Candrapura with Chanda, the chief town of Chanda district. The old name of this town is still current in that area. There is a confluenceof two rivers, Erai and Jharpat, and the town is situated in the angle formed by these two rivers.

2) Candrapura is mentioned in Siroda Plates of Devarāja, and in Goa Copper-plate inscription of Candravarman. It has been identified with Chandor of Goa. This Candrapura was the capital of the Gomins.

3) Another Candrapura occurs in Indor Copper-plate inscription of Skandagupta. The name is sometimes read as Indrapura also. It seems to be identical with Indor, the findspot, in Anupshahr tahsil of Bulandshahr district in Uttar Pradesh.

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Candrapura (चन्द्रपुर) or Candrapura is a place name ending in pura mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Candrāpura is the name of Indrapura.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

1) Candrapura (चन्द्रपुर) refers to a locality mentioned in the Khārepāṭaṇ plates of Raṭṭarāja (śaka year 930).—Candrapura or Chandrapura, the chief town in the Candramaṇḍala, is Cāndor on the Parodā river, south of Goā.

2) Candrapura (चन्द्रपुर) is mentioned as a country conquered by Aparājita, mentioned in the “Janjirā plates (set I) of Aparājita”. Candrapura or Chandrapura was probably the capital of the Candra-maṇḍala mentioned in the Khārepāṭan plates and can be identified with Cāndor in South Goa.

These copper plates (mentioning Candrapura) were discovered by one Bala Tukaram, while digging in the compound of his house at Chikhala-pākhāḍī, a part of Muruḍ Janjirā in the Kolābā District of the Mahārāṣṭra State.The grant was made on the mahāparvan of the solar eclipse which occurred on Sunday, the fifteenth tithi of the dark fortnight of Śrāvaṇa, when the sun was in the zodiacal sign (rāśi) of Siṃha in the cyclic year Vijaya and the expired Śaka year 915.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Relevant definitions

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Pura
Pura.—a temple (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, p. 184). See bhavana. Note: pura is defined in the “Indian...
Ardhacandra
Ardhacandra (अर्धचन्द्र) or Arddhacandra.—m. (-ndraḥ) 1. A crescent or half moon. 2. The hand b...
Candrakanta
Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त).—m. (-ntaḥ) A fabulous gem, the moon-stone, supposed to be formed of ...
Kusumapura
Kusumapura (कुसुमपुर).—n. (-raṃ) A city, the vicinity of the modern Patna: see pāṭaliputra. E. ...
Candraprabha
1) Candraprabha (चन्द्रप्रभ).—(See Sūryaprabhā).2) Candraprabhā (चन्द्रप्रभा).—Mother of the wo...
Gopura
Gopura.—(EI 3, 19, 24) a gateway; the gateway of a temple; a tower. Note: gopura is defined in ...
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Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा) (or Candabhāgā in Pali) is the name of a river situated in Uttarāpatha...
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