Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study)

by A. Yamuna Devi | 2012 | 77,297 words | ISBN-13: 9788193658048

This page relates ‘Candra system of grammar’ of the study on the Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (in English) which represents a commentary on the Amarakosha of Amarasimha. These ancient texts belong the Kosha or “lexicography” category of Sanskrit literature which deals with the analysis and meaning of technical words from a variety of subjects, such as cosmology, anatomy, medicine, hygiene. The Amarakosa itself is one of the earliest of such text, dating from the 6th century A.D., while the Amarakoshodghatana is the earliest known commentary on that work.

Cāndra system of grammar

In comparison with Bhoja, Cāndra school of grammar is cited in a lesser ratio by Kṣīrasvāmin Few of such instances are as below:

(a) Upajñā (II.7.13; p.165)–

[New knowledge promulgated:]

Illustrating the term Kṣīrasvāmin mentions that the Cāndra school of grammar was named after its founder and that the characteristic feature of this school is that it is devoid of sajña or conventional terms–

upajñāyata ityupajñā idaṃ prathamatayā jñānaṃ candrasyopajñā candropajñasaṃjñakaṃ vyākaraṇam |

(b) Āpyam (I.9.5; p.61)–


Explaining the word, Kṣīrasvāmin remarks that the word is found coventionally so and cites the Cāndra sūtra

āpyaṃ tu lakṣyāt āta eva āpyaṃ veti cāndraṃ sūtram |

(c) Mandaḥ (II.10.19; p.229)–

[A lazy Man:]

Explaining the word Kṣīrasvāmin cites that the Cāndra view that the root mad denotes laziness–

madi jāḍya’—mandate svapitīva mandaḥ | āta eva madi jāḍya iti cāndro dhātuḥ |

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: