Cunda, aka: Cuṇḍā; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Cunda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chunda.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Cunda - A worker in metals (kammaraputta) living in Pava. When the Buddha reached Pava on his way to Kusinara, he stayed in Cundas Mango grove. There Cunda visited him and invited him and the monks to a meal the next day. The meal consisted of sweet rice and cakes and sukaramaddava. At the meal the Buddha ordered that he alone should be served with sukaramaddava, and that what was left over should be buried in a hole. This was the Buddhas last meal, as very soon after it he developed dysentery (D.ii.126; Ud.viii.5). The Buddha, a little while before his death, gave special instructions to Ananda that he should visit Cunda and reassure him by telling him that no blame at all attached to him and that he should feel no remorse, but should, on the contrary, rejoice, in that he had been able to give to the Buddha a meal which, in merit, far exceeded any other (D.ii.135f).

The Suttanipata Commentary (SNA.i.159) mentions that, at this meal, Cunda provided golden vessels for the monks use; some made use of them, others did not. One monk stole a vessel and put it in his bag. Cunda noticed this but said nothing. Later, in the afternoon, he visited the Buddha and questioned him as to the different kinds of samanas there were in the world. The Buddha preached to him the Cunda Sutta.

The Commentary adds (p.166; also UdA.399) that Cunda reached no attainment, but merely had his doubts dispelled. The Digha Commentary, however, says (DA.ii.568) that he became a Sotapanna at the first sight of the Buddha and built for him a vihara at the Ambavana. This latter incident, probably, took place at an earlier visit of the Buddha, for we are told (D.iii.207) that while the Buddha was staying in Cundas Mango grove, he was invited by the Mallas to consecrate their new Mote hall, Ubbhataka. He accepted the invitation, preached in the hall till late at night, and then requested Sariputta to continue, which he did by preaching the Sangiti Sutta. This was soon after the death of Nigantha Nataputta (D.iii.210).

The Anguttara Nikaya (v.263ff) mentions another conversation between the Buddha and Cunda. Cunda tells the Buddha that he approves of the methods of purification (soceyyani) laid down by the brahmins of the west (Pacchabhumaka). The Buddha tells him of the teaching of the Ariyans regarding the threefold defilement and purification of the body, the fourfold defilement and purification of the speech, and the threefold defilement and purification of the mind. Cunda accepts the Buddhas explanations and declares himself his follower.

2. Cunda - The books appear to refer to two theras by the name of Cunda, the better known being Maha Cunda and the other Cula Cunda. But the legends connected with them are so confused that it is not possible to differentiate clearly one from the other.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Cunda (चुन्द) is the name of a disciple of the Buddha, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLI. Ānanda fulfilled his mission with the greatest devotion for the last twenty-five years of the Teacher’s life. Before Ānanda took charge, other disciples functioned temporarily. The commtary of the Theragāthā and that of the Udāna record seven of them and the old canonical sources confirm this. Viz., the novice Cunda (Saṃyutta, V, p. 161, l. 23).

Cunda (चुन्द) or Mahācunda is also mentioned as a disciple of the Buddha, according to the the Vinayamātṛkā of the Haimavatas.—The Vinayamātṛkā of the Haimavatas knows of eight disciples who, “fan in hand, fanned the Buddha”. These were [viz., Cunda].

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Cunda in Pali glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Cunda, an artist who works in ivory J.VI, 261 (Com: dantakāra); Miln.331. (Page 270)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cuṇḍā (चुण्डा).—A small well or reservoir.

See also (synonyms): cuṇṭā, cuṇṭī.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 36 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Cunda Sutta
Cunda, an artist who works in ivory J.VI, 261 (Com: dantakāra); Miln.331. (Page 270)
Cunda Sukarika
Cunda, an artist who works in ivory J.VI, 261 (Com: dantakāra); Miln.331. (Page 270)
Cundadharani
Cundādhāraṇī (चुन्दाधारणी).—n. of a sacred formula: Śikṣ 173.4 (compare preceding).
Cula Cunda
See Cunda (2).
Maha Cunda
See Cunda.
Maha Cunda Sutta
See Cunda Sutta.
Ananda
Ānanda (आनन्द) is the name of a physician that was ordered by queen Tārādattā to examine her da...
Malla
Malla (मल्ल).—mfn. (-llaḥ-llā-llaṃ) 1. Strong, stout, athletic, robust. 2. Best, excellent m. (...
Pava
Pāvā (पावा) (in Sanskrit, Pāpā) is the actual Kasia, situated 56 kilometers east of Gorakhpur. ...
Avici
Avīci (अवीचि).—m. (-ciḥ) A hell. mfn. (-ciḥ-ciḥ-ci) Waveless. E. a neg. vīci a wave.
Samagama
Sāmagāma (सामगाम) is the name of ancient Śākya village in the vicinity of Kapilavatthu: an anci...
Channa
Channa (छन्न).—a. [chad-kta ni°]1) Covered.2) Hidden, concealed, secret &c.; see छद् (chad).3) ...
Sahajati
Sahajāti (सहजाति) was an important town of ancient Cedi: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of th...
Ambavana
Ambavana (अम्बवन) is the name of a forest situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient ...
Shariputra
Śāriputra (शारिपुत्र).—(= Pali Sāriputta; also Śāli°, Śāradva- tī-p°, Śārisuta), n. of one of B...

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