Candraka, Camdraka: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Candraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandraka.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Candraka (चन्द्रक) is another name for Mallikā (Jasminum sambac “Sambac jasmine”), from the Oleaceae family of flowering plants. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā.

2) Cāndraka (चान्द्रक) is another name for Śṛṅgavera, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Zingiber officinale (fresh ginger). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Candraka (चन्द्रक)—Sanskrit word for a fish (cf. candrakalā, the fish Pimelodus Vacha). This animal is from the group called Sāmudra-matsya (‘marine fish’). Sāmudra-matsya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Candraka (चन्द्रक):—[candrakaḥ] Colour of Peacock feather

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Candraka (चन्द्रक) (lit. “the glossy and bright feathers of the peafowl”) is a synonym (another name) for the Peacock (Mayūra), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Candraka.—(EI 2), the young moon. Note: candraka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Candraka (चन्द्रक).—

1) The moon.

2) The eye in a peacock's tail.

3) A finger-nail.

4) A circle of the moon's shape (formed by a drop of oil thrown into water).

-kam Black pepper.

Derivable forms: candrakaḥ (चन्द्रकः).

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Cāndraka (चान्द्रक).—Dried ginger.

Derivable forms: cāndrakam (चान्द्रकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Candraka (चन्द्रक).—nt., a (half-) moon-shaped ornament: Mahāvyutpatti 6023 = Tibetan zla gam can, or, rgya zla gaṃ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candraka (चन्द्रक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The moon. 2. A ring, a circle, (like the moon.) 3. The eye in a peacock’s tail. 4. A finger nail. 5. A fish, (Chanda, Ham.) n.

(-kaṃ) Black pepper. E. candra the moon, and ka affix of resemblance. canda iva kāyati kai ka .

--- OR ---

Cāndraka (चान्द्रक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Dried ginger. E. kan added the last. śuṇṭhyās .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candraka (चन्द्रक).—[candra + ka], f. rikā. I. A substitute for candra when latter part of comp. adj. [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 82; [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 42, 3. Ii. m. 1. The eye in a peacock’s tail, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 1, 260. 2. A proper name, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 2, 16. Iii. f. rikā. 1. Moonlight, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 28. 2. A proper name, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 50, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candraka (चन्द्रक).—[masculine] (adj. —° [feminine] candrikā) moon; [feminine] candrikā also moonshine; illumination, elucidation (—° in titles of books).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Candraka (चन्द्रक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Śp. p. 28. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva] Quoted by Kṣemendra in Aucityavicāracarcā 14-16, in Kavikaṇṭhābharaṇa 4, 1. 5, 1. Mentioned as a playwright in the reign of Tuñjīna Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 16.

Candraka has the following synonyms: Candaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candraka (चन्द्रक):—[from cand] m. the moon, [Mālavikāgnimitra v, 7] (ifc. f(ikā). )

2) [v.s. ...] a circle or ring shaped like the moon, [Śiśupāla-vadha v, 40]

3) [v.s. ...] a spot similar to the moon, [Rāmāyaṇa v, 42, 3 and 5; Suśruta] (ifc. f(ikā). ), [Rājataraṅgiṇī iii, 382 (?) ]

4) [v.s. ...] the eye in a peacock’s tail, [Gīta-govinda ii, 3; Rājataraṅgiṇī i, 260]

5) [v.s. ...] a finger-nail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a fish ([varia lectio] daka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Suśruta i, 46, 2, 62]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a poet, [Kṣemendra; Rājataraṅgiṇī ii, 16]

8) [v.s. ...] of an owl, [Mahābhārata xii, 4944]

9) [v.s. ...] n. black pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Cāndraka (चान्द्रक):—[from cāndra] mfn. lunar, [Kālam.]

11) [v.s. ...] n. dried ginger, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candraka (चन्द्रक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. The moon; the eye in a peacock’s tail; a finger nail; a circle; a fish. n. Black-pepper.

2) Cāndraka (चान्द्रक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Fresh ginger.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Candraka (चन्द्रक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Caṃdaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Candraka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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