Vairocana; 4 Definition(s)
Vairocana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vairochana.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Vairocana (वैरोचन) refers to “shining Buddha” and represents one of the “five Buddhas” (pañcabuddha) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 3). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pañcabuddha and Vairocana). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Languages of India and abroad
Vairocana (वैरोचन).—a. Solar; वैरोचनैर्द्वीगुणिताः सहसा मयूखैः (vairocanairdvīguṇitāḥ sahasā mayūkhaiḥ) Ki.5.46.
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1) Epithets of the demon Bali, son of Virochana; व्यक्षोभयेतां तौ सैन्यमिन्द्र- वैरोचनाविव (vyakṣobhayetāṃ tau sainyamindra- vairocanāviva) Mb. 1.138.46.
2) Of the son of Agni.
3) Of the son of Sūrya.
Derivable forms: vairocanaḥ (वैरोचनः).
See also (synonyms): vairocani, vairoci.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vairocana (वैरोचन).—(1) (= Pali vero°, Sanskrit viro°) the sun: °naṃ vā gagaṇasmiṃ sarvaraśmisamāgataṃ arcitvā… Mv ii.304.9 (verse); °nasya jagato viśiṣṭā ābhā (Senart adds abhū) bhaviṣyati kiṃ tu adya Mv ii.316.9 (verse); this is probably the meaning of the first member of many of the cpd. proper names which follow this entry; (2) (compare Pali 2 Verocana in DPPN, n. of a certain jewel; AMg. vairoyaṇa, fire; and see virocana 1), a certain jewel (also viro°): °nāṃ maṇiratnāṃ grahetvā Mv ii.317.13 (verse); °na-maṇi- ratna- Gv 101.12 (prose; -padmagarbhāṇi); 159.1 (prose; vitāna-vitataṃ); (3) n. of one (the first) of the five ‘transcendent’ Buddhas: Dharmas 3 (first of ‘five Buddhas’); Mvy 82 (foll. by the other four of Dharmas 3, at the head of a list of names of Tathāgatas) = Tibetan rnam par snaṅ mdzad; once replaced by Kāyeśa, q.v.; Sādh 16.9 etc. (same group of five); he is probably identical with the Vairo- cana who occurs in Śākyamuni's place in the standard series of Buddhas (after Kāśyapa) Gv 298.6; the standard story of Śākyamuni's birth in the Lumbinī grove is told of Vai°, Gv 379.24 ff.; 381.5, with the usual personnel, Māyā, Gopā, etc.; mentioned with Gopā but not as her husband, 396.23; other refs., see s.v. Māyā (1); and compare P. Mus, Barabudur, p. 584; a Tathāgata of this name mentioned in several earlier passages of Gv, e.g. 40.1; 277.23; 290.23, with what seems to be special respect, may be identified with the V. just described, and so probably with the ‘transcendent’ Buddha; in Gv 82.12 the last of a list of Buddhas the first of which is Amitābha, but the others mostly unknown; (4) probably not to be identified with the prec., n. of one or more former (in Mmk perhaps contemporary) Buddhas: LV 171.10 (verse; Lefm. Virocana (3), most mss. Vai°, metr. indifferent); Mmk 64.2; Gv 104.18; (5) n. of a future Buddha: Mv iii.330.15; (6) n. of a cakravartin, former incarnation of Maitreya: Mv i.59.2, 13; (7) n. of a nīlakāyika (q.v.) devaputra: LV 383.11; (8) n. of a samādhi: Mvy 536; ŚsP 1417.12.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 16 books and stories containing Vairocana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)
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Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
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