Jyotishka, aka: Jyotiṣka; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jyotishka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Jyotiṣka can be transliterated into English as Jyotiska or Jyotishka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

1) Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A famous serpent born to Kaśyapa by his wife Kadrū. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 203, Stanza 15).

2) Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A peak of mount Sumeru. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 283, Stanza 5).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A peak of Meru full of precious stones; here Ādityas, Vasus, Aśvins, Guhyakas, Yakṣas, other sages, Apsaras, all worship Paśupati besides Nandi and Gangā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 81-92.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क) is mentioned as being born among humans possessing the wealth of a god, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V.—“furthermore, this land is wealthy; when one begs for one’s food, one obtains it easily. This is not the case in the other lands. This wealth is the result of three causes... (3) Chou t’i k’ie (Jyotiṣka), born among humans, nevertheless possessed the wealth of a god”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—One of the four species of devas (gods).—The Jyotiṣkas are divided into 5 classes: suns, moons, planets, nakṣatras and fixed stars. In the human world these are continually revolving, in the direction twoards the right round the Meru mountain; beyond it they are not in constant movement. there are many Indras here—the suns and moons—besides 7 other grades.

(Source): Google Books: The Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—The five subtypes of Jyotiṣkas are:

  1. the sun (sūrya),
  2. moon (candra),
  3. planet (graha),
  4. constellation (nakṣatra),
  5. and stray star (prakīrṇatārā).

And it is in terms of their motion around the mountain Meru that in the region inhabited by human beings time is divided into units like seconds, days and nights, months, years, etc. The properties which increase in the case of a higher-situated god are life-duration, efficiency, pleasure, glow, purity of soul-coloring, extension of the field of sensory cognition, and extension of the field of vague sensory awareness; and the properties which decrease in the case of a higher-situated god are movement, bodily size, appropriation and arrogance.

(Source): Google Books: Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies volume X: Jain Philosophy (Part 1)

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—According to both the Digambara and Śvetāmbara sects the Jyotiṣkas are divided into five classes: suns, moons, planets, asterisms and miscellaneous stars. It is said that every moon has 88 planets. The nakṣatras are 28 in number. The planets are notweworthy in Jaina iconography. They are found in the parikara of a Jaina-image.

(Source): Google Books: Jaina Iconography
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A planet, star, luminary.

-ṣkam Name of the shining peak of Meru.

-ṣkaḥ The चित्रक (citraka) tree.

Derivable forms: jyotiṣkaḥ (ज्योतिष्कः).

See also (synonyms): jyotiṣī.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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