Jyotishka, Jyotiṣka: 17 definitions
Jyotishka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Jyotiṣka can be transliterated into English as Jyotiska or Jyotishka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A famous serpent born to Kaśyapa by his wife Kadrū. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 203, Stanza 15).
2) Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A peak of mount Sumeru. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 283, Stanza 5).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A peak of Meru full of precious stones; here Ādityas, Vasus, Aśvins, Guhyakas, Yakṣas, other sages, Apsaras, all worship Paśupati besides Nandi and Gangā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 81-92.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क) is another name for “Agni” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning jyotiṣka] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क) is mentioned as being born among humans possessing the wealth of a god, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V.—“furthermore, this land is wealthy; when one begs for one’s food, one obtains it easily. This is not the case in the other lands. This wealth is the result of three causes... (3) Chou t’i k’ie (Jyotiṣka), born among humans, nevertheless possessed the wealth of a god”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Google Books: The Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—One of the four species of devas (gods).—The Jyotiṣkas are divided into 5 classes: suns, moons, planets, nakṣatras and fixed stars. In the human world these are continually revolving, in the direction twoards the right round the Meru mountain; beyond it they are not in constant movement. there are many Indras here—the suns and moons—besides 7 other grades.Source: Google Books: Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies volume X: Jain Philosophy (Part 1)
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—The five subtypes of Jyotiṣkas are:
- the sun (sūrya),
- moon (candra),
- planet (graha),
- constellation (nakṣatra),
- and stray star (prakīrṇatārā).
And it is in terms of their motion around the mountain Meru that in the region inhabited by human beings time is divided into units like seconds, days and nights, months, years, etc. The properties which increase in the case of a higher-situated god are life-duration, efficiency, pleasure, glow, purity of soul-coloring, extension of the field of sensory cognition, and extension of the field of vague sensory awareness; and the properties which decrease in the case of a higher-situated god are movement, bodily size, appropriation and arrogance.Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—According to both the Digambara and Śvetāmbara sects the Jyotiṣkas are divided into five classes: suns, moons, planets, asterisms and miscellaneous stars. It is said that every moon has 88 planets. The nakṣatras are 28 in number. The planets are notweworthy in Jaina iconography. They are found in the parikara of a Jaina-image.Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क) refers to a group of deities commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jainas following the earlier Brahmanic tradition reduced the Planetary system to a group of iconic representations, which constitute an important class of gods known as Jyotiṣka-Devas. [...] In the discoveries of Jaina scriptures, we have had very little instance of meeting with the separate figures of their nine planets (navagraha).Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क) refers to one of the ten kinds of wishing-trees (kalpa), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, “[...] among the Utttarakuras the land is naturally beautiful, with sand as sweet as sugar and waters resembling autumn-moonlight. Ten kinds of wishing-trees [viz., Jyotiṣka] always give to the people whatever they desire without effort on their part. [...] the Jyotiṣkas give a wonderful light, [...] These give definite objects, and also indefinite ones; and other wishing-trees there give all things desired. [...]”.
2) Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क) refers to a group of deities living above the surface of the earth, according to chapter 2.2.—Accordingly: “at 790 yojanas above the surface of the earth is the lower level of the Jyotiṣkas. Ten yojanas above it is the sun, and at the end of 80 yojanas above the sun is the moon; then the stars and planets at the end of 20 yojanas. So in height the stellar world is no yojanas”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A planet, star, luminary.
-ṣkam Name of the shining peak of Meru.
-ṣkaḥ The चित्रक (citraka) tree.
Derivable forms: jyotiṣkaḥ (ज्योतिष्कः).
See also (synonyms): jyotiṣī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—(= Pali Jotika, Jotiya), name of a rich house- [Page246-a+ 25] holder (who in a previous birth was Anaṅgana): Mahāvastu ii.271.1 ff.; Divyāvadāna 271.6 ff.; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.197.12 ff.; Jyotiṣkāvadāna, name of Divyāvadāna Chap. 19: Divyāvadāna 289.26.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṣkaḥ) 1. A planetary or heavenly body; the generic term for the sun, the moon, a planet, an asterism, a star: the word in the m. plu.
(-ṣkāḥ) implies all these five. 2. A tree, the wood of which is used to produce fire by attribution: see gaṇikārikā f.
(-kā) Heart-pea: see jyotiṣmatī. E. jyotis light, and ka what makes, from kṛ, with ḍa aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—i. e. jyotis + ka, n. 1. The name of a shining weapon of Arjuna's Mahābhārata 7, 1325. 2. The name of the summit of Meru. Mahābhārata 12, 16212.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क):—[from jyut] m. Premna spinosa, [Suśruta iv]
2) [v.s. ...] Plumbago zeylanica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] the seed of Trigonella foenum graecum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Nāga (cf. tika), [Mahābhārata v, 3631]
5) [v.s. ...] of a man, [Buddhist literature] ([Divyāvadāna xix])
6) [v.s. ...] [plural] ‘the luminaries’ regarded as a class of deities (arranged under 5 heads, viz. sun, moon, the planets, fixed stars, and lunar mansions), [Jaina literature]
7) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a luminous weapon (with which Arjuna destroyed Tamas), [Mahābhārata vii, 1325] (jyautiṣa, B)
8) [v.s. ...] Name of a bright peak of Meru, [xii, 10212]
9) Jyotiṣkā (ज्योतिष्का):—[from jyotiṣka > jyut] f. Cardiospermum Halicacabum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क):—(ṣkaḥ) 1. m. A planetary or heavenly body; wood yielding fire by friction. f. heart-pea.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 10 books and stories containing Jyotishka, Jyotiṣka, Jyotiska, Jyotiṣkā; (plurals include: Jyotishkas, Jyotiṣkas, Jyotiskas, Jyotiṣkās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 26: Śreyāṃsa’s samavasaraṇa < [Chapter I - Śreyāṃsanāthacaritra]
Part 13: Building of the samavasaraṇa < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 11: Origin of Dhūmaketu’s enmity < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Part 8 - On the celestial beings < [Chapter 2]
Part 6 - Sakrendra, king of the Devas in Saudharma-kalpa < [Chapter 1]
Part 10 - On the life of the celestial beings < [Chapter 5]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)