Jyotishka, Jyotiṣka: 13 definitions

Introduction

Jyotishka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Jyotiṣka can be transliterated into English as Jyotiska or Jyotishka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jyotishka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A famous serpent born to Kaśyapa by his wife Kadrū. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 203, Stanza 15).

2) Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A peak of mount Sumeru. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 283, Stanza 5).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A peak of Meru full of precious stones; here Ādityas, Vasus, Aśvins, Guhyakas, Yakṣas, other sages, Apsaras, all worship Paśupati besides Nandi and Gangā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 81-92.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jyotishka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क) is another name for “Agni” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning jyotiṣka] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jyotishka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क) is mentioned as being born among humans possessing the wealth of a god, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V.—“furthermore, this land is wealthy; when one begs for one’s food, one obtains it easily. This is not the case in the other lands. This wealth is the result of three causes... (3) Chou t’i k’ie (Jyotiṣka), born among humans, nevertheless possessed the wealth of a god”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (J) next»] — Jyotishka in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: The Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—One of the four species of devas (gods).—The Jyotiṣkas are divided into 5 classes: suns, moons, planets, nakṣatras and fixed stars. In the human world these are continually revolving, in the direction twoards the right round the Meru mountain; beyond it they are not in constant movement. there are many Indras here—the suns and moons—besides 7 other grades.

Source: Google Books: Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies volume X: Jain Philosophy (Part 1)

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—The five subtypes of Jyotiṣkas are:

  1. the sun (sūrya),
  2. moon (candra),
  3. planet (graha),
  4. constellation (nakṣatra),
  5. and stray star (prakīrṇatārā).

And it is in terms of their motion around the mountain Meru that in the region inhabited by human beings time is divided into units like seconds, days and nights, months, years, etc. The properties which increase in the case of a higher-situated god are life-duration, efficiency, pleasure, glow, purity of soul-coloring, extension of the field of sensory cognition, and extension of the field of vague sensory awareness; and the properties which decrease in the case of a higher-situated god are movement, bodily size, appropriation and arrogance.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—According to both the Digambara and Śvetāmbara sects the Jyotiṣkas are divided into five classes: suns, moons, planets, asterisms and miscellaneous stars. It is said that every moon has 88 planets. The nakṣatras are 28 in number. The planets are notweworthy in Jaina iconography. They are found in the parikara of a Jaina-image.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क) refers to a group of deities commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The Jainas following the earlier Brahmanic tradition reduced the Planetary system to a group of iconic representations, which constitute an important class of gods known as Jyotiṣka-Devas. [...] In the discoveries of Jaina scriptures, we have had very little instance of meeting with the separate figures of their nine planets (navagraha).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (J) next»] — Jyotishka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—A planet, star, luminary.

-ṣkam Name of the shining peak of Meru.

-ṣkaḥ The चित्रक (citraka) tree.

Derivable forms: jyotiṣkaḥ (ज्योतिष्कः).

See also (synonyms): jyotiṣī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—(= Pali Jotika, Jotiya), name of a rich house- [Page246-a+ 25] holder (who in a previous birth was Anaṅgana): Mahāvastu ii.271.1 ff.; Divyāvadāna 271.6 ff.; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.197.12 ff.; Jyotiṣkāvadāna, name of Divyāvadāna Chap. 19: Divyāvadāna 289.26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyotiṣka (ज्योतिष्क).—m.

(-ṣkaḥ) 1. A planetary or heavenly body; the generic term for the sun, the moon, a planet, an asterism, a star: the word in the m. plu.

(-ṣkāḥ) implies all these five. 2. A tree, the wood of which is used to produce fire by attribution: see gaṇikārikā f.

(-kā) Heart-pea: see jyotiṣmatī. E. jyotis light, and ka what makes, from kṛ, with ḍa aff.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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