Candrabhaga, aka: Candra-bhaga, Candrabhāgā, Cāndrabhāgā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Candrabhaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrabhaga.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Candrabhaga in Natyashastra glossaries]

One of the Hands of the Famous Rivers.—Candra-bhāga (Chenab), the hand moving. Also see: Vyāvṛttacāpaveṣṭitau.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

[Candrabhaga in Purana glossaries]

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा).—The regions of, fell into the hands of Vrātyas and Mlecchas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 39; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 69.

2) Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा).—R. a mahānadī near Mānasasaras in Bhāratavarṣa, from the Himalayas; falls into western ocean;1 sacred to Kāla; one of the 16 wives of Havyavāhana fire; in the chariot of Tripurāri.2

  • missing rerfs
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Candrabhaga in Itihasa glossaries]

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.19, II.9, VI.10.14, VIII.30.35). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Candrabhāgā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Candrabhaga in Mahayana glossaries]

Candrabhāga (चन्द्रभाग) is the name of a king according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “in a kingdom ruled by king Yue fen (Candrabhāga), there was a crown prince (kumāra) who loved exquisite tastes; each day the king’s gardener sent him fine fruits. There was a big tree in the garden at the top of which a bird was raising her chicks. This bird always flew full speed to the Perfumed Mountain (Gandhmādana), took a fruit of delicious flavor and [returned] to give it to her chicks who, in arguing over it, let one of the fruits fall to the ground. Next morning the gardener noticed it and, finding it strange, brought it to the king. The king admired the perfume and the extraordinary color of the fruit; the crown prince saw it and asked for it; the king, who loved his son, gave it to him as a gift. The prince ate it and appreciated its flavor so much that he wanted to have one every day”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

[Candrabhaga in India history glossaries]

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that could correspond to the Cinab.—The Candrabhāgā mentioned in the verses 116, 117,120, 121, 154 and 1055 of the Nīlamata seems to be the Cinab which flows to the south east of Kaśmīra and forms a boundary of Dārvābhisāra. Reaching Kishtwar from a northwest course it turns to the south, at Jangalwar it turns to the west and at Arnas it again flows due south past Riasi to Akhnur. It enters the Panjab at Khairi Rihal in Sialkot district of West Panjab (Pakistan).

The Candrabhāgā of the verse 1255 mentioned along with the Godāvarī, the Vaitaraṇī and the Mandākinī, and the verse 1391 identified with the Gaṅgā (Sind) cannot be the Cinab mentioned above. Kalhaṇa’s Rājataraṅgiṇī IV. 638 refers to one Candrabhāgā in the vicinity of Tūlamūlya. Stein identifies Tūlamūlya with Tulamul—situated 78° 48' long. 34° 13' lat. among the marshes through which the Sind river passes before joining the Vitastā. So the branch of the Sind river flowing past Tulamul may have been called Candrabhāgā.

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Candrabhaga in Sanskrit glossaries]

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा).—Name of a river in the south.

Candrabhāgā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and bhāgā (भागा).

--- OR ---

Cāndrabhāgā (चान्द्रभागा).—the river Chandrabhāgā.

Cāndrabhāgā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms cāndra and bhāgā (भागा).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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