Candrabhaga, Candrabhāga, Cāndrabhāgā, Candrabhāgā, Candra-bhaga: 11 definitions

Introduction

Candrabhaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrabhaga.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of the Famous Rivers.—Candra-bhāga (Chenab), the hand moving. Also see: Vyāvṛttacāpaveṣṭitau.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrabhaga in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Candrabhāga (चन्द्रभाग) is the name of a mountain while Candrabhāgā is the name of the river flowing from there, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.5. Accordingly:—“[...] thinking thus in her mind, Sandhyā went to the mountain Candrabhāga from which the river Candrabhāgā flows. On coming to know that she had gone to the mountain, I, Brahmā, told my son Vasiṣṭha, the omniscient, of purified mind due to penance, who had acquired spiritual knowledge who was seated near me and who had mastered the Vedas and the Vedāṅgas”.

Note: Candrabhāgā is modern Cenab. It is called Asikni “black” in the Ṛgveda, Akesines by Arrian and Sandabāgā by Ptolemy. It rises from the foot of the Himālayas and flows in two rivulets: Candrā from a large snow-bed to the South-East of Bāra Lācha; Bhāgā from the north-west slope of the pass and both join at Tandi and the joint stream is known as Candrabhāgā. ‘History of Dharmaśāstra’ (Kane) Vol. IV p. 742; Geo of the Purāṇas P. 114.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा).—The regions of, fell into the hands of Vrātyas and Mlecchas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 39; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 69.

2) Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा).—(River) a mahānadī near Mānasasaras in Bhāratavarṣa, from the Himalayas; falls into western ocean;1 sacred to Kāla; one of the 16 wives of Havyavāhana fire; in the chariot of Tripurāri.2

  • missing rerfs
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.19, II.9, VI.10.14, VIII.30.35). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Candrabhāgā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrabhaga in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा) is an important river whose water (jala) qualities are described in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of water (jala) and their properties are mentioned here [viz., in jala-prakaraṇa]. The text explains the qualities of the water of certain important rivers like [viz., Candrabhāgā].

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrabhaga in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Candrabhāga (चन्द्रभाग) is the name of a king according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “in a kingdom ruled by king Yue fen (Candrabhāga), there was a crown prince (kumāra) who loved exquisite tastes; each day the king’s gardener sent him fine fruits. There was a big tree in the garden at the top of which a bird was raising her chicks. This bird always flew full speed to the Perfumed Mountain (Gandhmādana), took a fruit of delicious flavor and [returned] to give it to her chicks who, in arguing over it, let one of the fruits fall to the ground. Next morning the gardener noticed it and, finding it strange, brought it to the king. The king admired the perfume and the extraordinary color of the fruit; the crown prince saw it and asked for it; the king, who loved his son, gave it to him as a gift. The prince ate it and appreciated its flavor so much that he wanted to have one every day”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa that could correspond to the Cinab.—The Candrabhāgā mentioned in the verses 116, 117,120, 121, 154 and 1055 of the Nīlamata seems to be the Cinab which flows to the south east of Kaśmīra and forms a boundary of Dārvābhisāra. Reaching Kishtwar from a northwest course it turns to the south, at Jangalwar it turns to the west and at Arnas it again flows due south past Riasi to Akhnur. It enters the Panjab at Khairi Rihal in Sialkot district of West Panjab (Pakistan).

The Candrabhāgā of the verse 1255 mentioned along with the Godāvarī, the Vaitaraṇī and the Mandākinī, and the verse 1391 identified with the Gaṅgā (Sind) cannot be the Cinab mentioned above. Kalhaṇa’s Rājataraṅgiṇī IV. 638 refers to one Candrabhāgā in the vicinity of Tūlamūlya. Stein identifies Tūlamūlya with Tulamul—situated 78° 48' long. 34° 13' lat. among the marshes through which the Sind river passes before joining the Vitastā. So the branch of the Sind river flowing past Tulamul may have been called Candrabhāgā.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा) (or Candabhāgā in Pali) is the name of a river situated in Uttarāpatha (Northern District) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Milindapañho we are told of the five hundred rivers that issued forth from the Himavanta mountain. Of these rivers ten are said to be important: Gaṅga, Yamunā, Aciravatī, Sarabhū, Mahī, Sindhu, Sarassatī, Vetravatī, Vitaṃsā and Candabhāgā. The Candabhāgā (Sans. Candrabhāgā) is the Chināb, the Acesines of the Greeks or the Asiknī of the Ṛgveda, a tributary of the Indus or the Sindhu.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrabhaga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा).—Name of a river in the south.

Candrabhāgā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and bhāgā (भागा).

--- OR ---

Cāndrabhāgā (चान्द्रभागा).—the river Chandrabhāgā.

Cāndrabhāgā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms cāndra and bhāgā (भागा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrabhāgā (चन्द्रभागा).—f. (-gā-gī) The name of a river, the Chennab, one of the five streams of the Punjab. E. candrabhāga the name of a mountain, part of the Himalaya range, where the river is said to have its source, affix of derivation aṇ hence also it may be read cāndrabhāgā-gī .

--- OR ---

Cāndrabhāgā (चान्द्रभागा).—f.

(-gā) A river, the Chinab: see candrabhāgā; also cāndrabhāgī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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