Candrakanta, Candrakānta, Candrakāntā, Candra-kanta, Candrakantā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Candrakanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrakanta.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrakanta in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त).—Name of a waterfall situated in Candradvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 84. Candradvīpa is the name of a celestial region (dvīpa) covering one thousand yojanas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त).—Mt. a kulaparvata of the Uttarakuru country;1 entered the sea from fear of Indra.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 25.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 73.

2a) Candrakāntā (चन्द्रकान्ता).—A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 75.

2b) A Janapada of the Bhadra country.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 19.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त) refers to a type of pillar (stambha). It is a sixteen-sided shaft. Its description is found in texts such as the Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.11), Śilparatna (verse 21.59), Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (verse 31.22) and Kāmikāgama (verse 53.18-20).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrakanta in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Candrakantā (चन्द्रकन्ता) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Vaiśvadevī in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त) refers to one of the two types of Sphaṭika (“crystal”), representing a kind of precious stone (gem) used for the making of images (Hindu icons), as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The materials listed in the Āgamas for the making of images are wood, stone, precious gems, metals, terracotta, laterite, earth, and a combination of two or three or more of the materials specified above. The precious stones mentioned in the Āgamas for the purpose of making images are [for example] sphaṭika (crystal). Sphaṭika is of two kinds, the sūryakānta and the candrakānta.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrakanta in Shaktism glossary
Source: Hare-Krsna: Nava-Durgā

Candrakaṇṭā (चन्द्रकण्टा) or Candraghaṇṭā refers to one of the nine Navadurgā which literally means the “nine forms of Goddess Durgā”, and constitute, according to Vedic scriptures, the manifestation of Durgā in Her nine different aspects. [...] Each goddess [viz., Candrakaṇṭā] has a different form and a special significance.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrakanta in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त, “moon-stone”) streams with water when exposed to the moon’s rays. Cf. Bhavabhūti in Uttarāmacarita, VI, p. 12: “The lotus blossoms at sunrise, but the moon-stone streams with water when the star with cold rays appears”. (tr. N. Stchoupak, p. 117). Also see Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV)

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrakanta in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Candrakāntā (चन्द्रकान्ता) is the wife of Cakṣuṣmān, who is a kulakara (law-giver) according to Śvetāmbara sources, while Digambara names his wife as Dhāriṇī. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.

These law-givers and their wifes (e.g., Candrakāntā) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त) refers to “moonstar”, and is the name of a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. It is also known by the name Candraprabhā. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.

There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (e.g., candrakānta) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Candrakāntā (चन्द्रकान्ता) was the wife of king Śatabala, the father of Mahābala: a previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] when he [i.e., Dhana] had fallen from Saudharma, then he was born as a son of King Śatabala, the crest-jewel of the Vidyādharas, by his wife Candrakāntā, in the West Videhas, in the province Gandhilāvatī, on Mt. Vaitāḍhya, in the country named Gandhāra, in the city Gandhasamṛddhaka. He was exceedingly strong, and was named ‘Mahābala’ because of his strength. [...]”.

2) Candrakāntā (चन्द्रकान्ता) is the daughter of Candrayaśas (incarnation of Priyadarśanā) and Vimalavāhana (incarnation of Sāgara or Sāgaracandra), according to chapter 1.2.

Accordingly,

“[...] When half a year only of [Vimalavāhana’s] life remained, his wife Candrayaśas bore twins. A boy and girl, with lives of numberless pūrvas, with good bodies, having the first kind of joints, dark, eight hundred bows tall, named Cakṣuṣmat and Candrakāntā by the parents, born together, they grew up like a creeper and a tree. [...] By the law of the Hā-punishment alone, Cakṣuṣmat preserved the boundaries of the twins, like Vimalavāhana. The last period of the life of Cakṣuṣmat and Candrakāntā having arrived, twins Yaśasvin and Surūpā were born. [...] In course of time Cakṣuṣmat died and was born among the Suvarṇas, and Candrakāntā at once among the Nāgas”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrakanta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

candrakānta (चंद्रकांत).—m (S) A fabulous gem supposed to be formed from the congelation of the rays of the moon, and accordingly to dissolve under the influence of her light. Ex. kiṃ daidīpyamāna caṃ0 nirmaḷa || tyāvari āvaraṇa kāśmirācēṃ ||.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrakanta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त).—the moon-stone (supposed to ooze away under the influence of the moon); द्रवति च हिमश्मावुद्गते चन्द्रकान्तः (dravati ca himaśmāvudgate candrakāntaḥ) U.6.12; Śi.4.58; Amaru.57; Bh.1.21; Māl.1.24.

-taḥ, -tam the white eatable water-lily blossoming during the night.

-tam sandal-wood.

Derivable forms: candrakāntaḥ (चन्द्रकान्तः).

Candrakānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and kānta (कान्त). See also (synonyms): candramaṇi.

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Candrakāntā (चन्द्रकान्ता).—

1) a night.

2) the wife of the moon.

3) moonlight.

Candrakāntā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and kāntā (कान्ता).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Candrakāntā (चन्द्रकान्ता).—name of a yakṣiṇī: Sādhanamālā 562.5. See s.v. Citrakāli (v.l. Candrakānti!), and next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) A fabulous gem, the moon-stone, supposed to be formed of the congelation of the rays of the moon; a kind of crystal may perhaps be meant. mn.

(-ntaḥ-ntaṃ) 1. Sandal. 2, The white water lily. f.

(-ntā) 1. Night. 2. The wife of the moon. E. candra the moon, and kānta splendid or beloved.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त).—[candra + kānta], (vb. kam), I. adj. Graceful, like the moon, Śrut. 23. Ii. m. A fabulous gem, supposed to be formed of the congealed rays of the moon, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 88.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त).—[adjective] beautiful as the moon; [masculine] the moon-stone (a fabulous gem.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त):—[=candra-kānta] [from candra > cand] mfn. lovely as the moon, [Śrutabodha]

2) [v.s. ...] m. ‘moon-loved’, the moon-stone (a gem supposed to be formed from the congelation of the moon’s rays and to dissolve under the influence of its light), [Suśruta; Meghadūta; Bhartṛhari] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. n. the white eatable water-lily (blossoming during night), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. sandalwood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Candrakāntā (चन्द्रकान्ता):—[=candra-kāntā] [from candra-kānta > candra > cand] f. the wife of the moon, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] night, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Surāṅganā, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

8) Candrakānta (चन्द्रकान्त):—[=candra-kānta] [from candra > cand] fn. Name of a town, [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 102, 6 and 9]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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