Saptadvipa, Saptadvīpa, Sapta-dvipa, Saptadvīpā, Saptan-dvipa: 7 definitions

Introduction

Saptadvipa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadvipa in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Saptadvīpa (सप्तद्वीप) refers to the seven continents situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī), according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. These continents are located above the seven pātālas.

These are the seven continents (dvīpa) collectively known as saptadvīpa:

  1. Jambū-dvīpa,
  2. Śāka-dvīpa,
  3. Kuśa-dvīpa,
  4. Krauñca-dvīpa,
  5. Śālma-dvīpa,
  6. Gomeda-dvīpa,
  7. Puṣkara-dvīpa.

Each continent may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadvipa in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Saptadvīpa (सप्तद्वीप).—In purāṇic cosmology, there are “seven islands (dvīpa)” ruled over by seven sons of Priyavrata (son of Svāyambhuva Manu), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa (the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being).

The names of the seven dvīpas and their respective rulers are:

  1. Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra,
  2. Śākadvīpa, ruled over by Medhātithi,
  3. Krauñcadvīpa, ruled over by Jyotiṣmān,
  4. Śālmalidvīpa, ruled over by Dyutimān,
  5. Gomedadvīpa, ruled over by Havya,
  6. Plakṣadvīpa, ruled over by Vapuṣmān,
  7. Puṣkaradvīpa, ruled over by Savana.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saptadvīpa (सप्तद्वीप).—The seven islands of the earth.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 4; 34. 7; 70. 18; 93. 89; 94. 14. 99. 17-133; 102. 28; 110. 22.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadvipa in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Saptadvīpa (सप्तद्वीप):—According to Puranic cosmography, the entire Cosmos is divided into seven concentric island continents (sapta-dvipa vasumati) separated by the seven encircling oceans, each double the size of the preceding one (going out from within). The seven continents of the Puranas are stated as

  1. Jambudvipa,
  2. Plaksadvipa,
  3. Salmalidvipa,
  4. Kusadvipa,
  5. Krouncadvipa,
  6. Sakadvipa,
  7. and Pushkaradvipa.

Seven intermediate oceans consist of salt-water, sugarcane juice, wine, ghee, curd, milk and water respectively.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadvipa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saptadvīpa (सप्तद्वीप).—m pl (S) The seven dvīpa or great divisions of the earth; viz. jambu, kuśa, plakṣa, śālmalī, krauñca, śāka, puṣkara.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Saptadvipa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptadvīpā (सप्तद्वीपा).—an epithet of the earth; पुरा सप्तद्वीपां जयति वसुधामप्रतिरथः (purā saptadvīpāṃ jayati vasudhāmapratirathaḥ) Ś.7.33.

Saptadvīpā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saptan and dvīpā (द्वीपा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptadvīpā (सप्तद्वीपा).—

(-pā) An epithet of the earth.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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