Candrama, Candramā, Camdrama: 15 definitions


Candrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrama.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Candramā (चन्द्रमा) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “moon”. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.82-88, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).

As such, Brahmā assigned Candramā to the protection of the main building (canopy, maṇḍapa). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Candrama in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Candramā (चन्द्रमा).—See Soma; the eighth tanu of Mahādeva; wife Rohiṇi and son Budha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 83.

1b) A Dānava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 8.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Candrama (चन्द्रम) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.26, I.65, I.60.17) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Candrama) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Candramā (चन्द्रमा) is the presiding deity over all vegetation, as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “in the olden times, Garuḍa, the brave, took away the pot of nectar (Amṛta) after inflicting defeat on the Gods and Demons (Devas and Rākṣasas), a few drops of nectar spilled over the earth during this struggle. Though these drops all the vegetations (vṛkṣādi), large trees producing fruits without blossom or trees producing fruits during blossom spreading creepers, herbs and medicinal plants grew all over the earth and Candramā became the deity of these vegetations”.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Candramā (चन्द्रमा) refers to the “moon”, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa posits that the collection or gathering of medicinal herbs must be done in a specified manner, accompanied by japa or prayer. If plucked without the relevant prayers or mantras, the medicines are liable to lose their potency which is paramount for effective treatment and complete remedy of any ailment. The Creator created people and also the medicines to safeguard and protect humanity. He also created the moon (candramā) to protect the medicinal potency of the flora.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Candramā (चन्द्रमा, “full moon”).—The sixth of “fourteen dreams” of Triśalā.—In the sixth dream, Triśalā sees the full moon, its white color resembling that of milk, or of silver or of the swan, glittering like a clean mirror, enemy of darkness, creator of upheaval in the sea water, the target the seawater the target of kāmadeva’s arrows, its rays cause emaciation in the separated lovers, serenely poised in the celestial sphere yet also appearing like a moving tilak.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Candrama (चन्द्रम) or Candra refers to the “moon”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fool, you must understand, in reality, substance is not acknowledged in a mass of foam, the trunk of a plantain tree or in the body of human beings. The planets, moon, sun, stars (grahacandrārkatārakāḥ; var.: arka-candramagrahatārārkacandramāḥ) and seasons go and come [but] certainly for embodied souls bodies do not [go and come] even in a dream”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Candramā (चन्द्रमा) is the mother of Gambhīrarāya Bhāratī (17th century): famous for his learning, character, intellect and wealth. Gambhīrarāya was the father of Sakhārāma (author of commentary Choṭīvṛtti on Chandaśśāstra of Piṅgala) and Bhāskararāya alias Bhāsurānanda (author of Varivasyārahasya and other works). He was also the grand-preceptor of Umānandanātha (author of Nityotsavagrantha).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

candramā (चंद्रमा).—m S The moon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

candramā (चंद्रमा).—m The moon.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candramā (चन्द्रमा):—[=candra-mā] [from candra > cand] f. Name of a river, [Mahābhārata vi, 337] (cf. -masā.)

2) Cāndrama (चान्द्रम):—[from cāndra] mfn. for masa, lunar, [Nidāna-sūtra v.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Candrama in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caṃdrama (ಚಂದ್ರಮ):—[noun] = ಚಂದ್ರ [camdra]3 - 1.

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Caṃdrāma (ಚಂದ್ರಾಮ):—[noun] the moon.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candrama in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Candramā (चन्द्रमा):—n. 1. the moon; 2. a kind of moon-shaped ornament worn by women on their head;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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