Candrama, aka: Candramā; 8 Definition(s)
Candrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrama.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Candramā (चन्द्रमा) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “moon”. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.82-88, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).
As such, Brahmā assigned Candramā to the protection of the main building (canopy, maṇḍapa). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1a) Candramā (चन्द्रमा).—See Soma; the eighth tanu of Mahādeva; wife Rohiṇi and son Budha.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 10. 83.
1b) A Dānava.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 6. 8.
Candrama (चन्द्रम) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.26, I.65, I.60.17) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Candrama) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Candramā (चन्द्रमा) is the presiding deity over all vegetation, as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “in the olden times, Garuḍa, the brave, took away the pot of nectar (Amṛta) after inflicting defeat on the Gods and Demons (Devas and Rākṣasas), a few drops of nectar spilled over the earth during this struggle. Though these drops all the vegetations (vṛkṣādi), large trees producing fruits without blossom or trees producing fruits during blossom spreading creepers, herbs and medicinal plants grew all over the earth and Candramā became the deity of these vegetations”.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Jainism)
Candramā (चन्द्रमा, “full moon”).—The sixth of “fourteen dreams” of Triśalā.—In the sixth dream, Triśalā sees the full moon, its white color resembling that of milk, or of silver or of the swan, glittering like a clean mirror, enemy of darkness, creator of upheaval in the sea water, the target the seawater the target of kāmadeva’s arrows, its rays cause emaciation in the separated lovers, serenely poised in the celestial sphere yet also appearing like a moving tilak.Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Candramā (चन्द्रमा) is the mother of Gambhīrarāya Bhāratī (17th century): famous for his learning, character, intellect and wealth. Gambhīrarāya was the father of Sakhārāma (author of commentary Choṭīvṛtti on Chandaśśāstra of Piṅgala) and Bhāskararāya alias Bhāsurānanda (author of Varivasyārahasya and other works). He was also the grand-preceptor of Umānandanātha (author of Nityotsavagrantha).Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
candramā (चंद्रमा).—m S The moon.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
candramā (चंद्रमा).—m The moon.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 19 books and stories containing Candrama, Candramā; (plurals include: Candramas, Candramās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa XI, adhyāya 8, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Eleventh Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XI, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 5 < [Eleventh Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa IX, adhyāya 4, brāhmaṇa 1 < [Ninth Kāṇḍa]
Subala Upanishad of Shukla-yajurveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)