Candrakala, Candra-kala, Candrakalā: 15 definitions


Candrakala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrakala.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Candra-kalā (digit of the moon) : the thumb of the Sūci hand isreleased. Usage: to indicate the crescent moon.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Candrakala in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला).—Called also कला (kalā), a wellknown commentary on Nagesa's Laghusabdendusekhara by Bhairavamisra who lived in the latter half of the 18th century and the first half of the nineteenth century.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Candrakala in Ayurveda glossary

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला) or Candrakalārasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 1, Raktapitta: hemoptysis). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., candrakalā-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Tessitori Collection I (ayurveda)

Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला) refers to one of the sections of the Kokasāra by Ānanda Kavi (dealing with Poetics and Erotics), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kokasāra is a Hindi rewriting of the Kokaśāstra, a famous Sanskrit work of the Kāmaśāstra tradition. [...] In this manuscript [of the Kokasāra] the sections are distributed as follows: [e.g., catura (sic) ṣaṃḍa caṃdrakalā-v. (187v)] [...].

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Candrakala in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला) refers to the “moon”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) brought his daughter (Pārvatī) before Śiva: “Then Śiva looked at her in the first flush of her youth. [...] On seeing Śiva the lord of all, the chief of those devoted to penance, the lord with the moon as his ornament [i.e., candrakalā-vibhūṣaṇa], who can be known through spiritual insight and who was sitting in the meditative posture closing His eyes, Himācala saluted Him again. Though he was not disheartened, he entertained some doubts. Thus he, the lord of mountains, foremost of the eloquent, spoke to Śiva, the sole kinsman of the universe”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Dvādaśa-mūrti in Tamil Tradition (iconography)

Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला) refers to “resembling the moon”, according to the Śrītattvanidhi (verse 2.19-42) citing the Pāñcarātrāgama-Kriyapāda.—Govinda’s Mien is white resembling the moon (Candrakalā), red-lotus eyes that is a pointer of Raudra in Viṣṇu directed toward terrorist-demons, and golden ornaments. According to the Caturviṃśatimūrtilakṣaṇa, The Pāñcarātra tradition (describing Keśava) got a stronghold over the Vaiṣṇava tradition by about the fourth century CE, e.g. the Ahirbhūdhnya-saṃhitā and so its impact on the Tamil Paripāṭal and hymns of the Āḻvārs is quite natural.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candrakala in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

candrakalā (चंद्रकला).—f (S) pop. candrakaḷā f A digit, one sixteenth of the moon's orb. 2 A cloth used for lugaḍēṃ &c. It is black or red. 3 The light of the moon. Ex. kiṃ caṃ0 rājasa || grahaṇakāḷīṃ jhāṅkuḷati ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

candrakalā (चंद्रकला).—f A digit, one sixteenth of the moon's orb

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candrakala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला).—

1) a digit of the moon; राहोश्चन्द्रकलामिवाननचरीं दैवात्समासाद्य मे (rāhoścandrakalāmivānanacarīṃ daivātsamāsādya me) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.28.

2) the crescent before or after the new moon.

3) A cattle-drum.

4) A kind of fish; L. D. B.

Candrakalā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and kalā (कला).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला).—f.

(-lā) 1. A digit, or one-sixteenth of the moon’s orb; each is personified as a female divinity, and worshipped in some Tantrika ceremonies. 2. A small drum. 3. A fish commonly called Vacha or Bacha, (Pimelodus vacha, Ham.) E. candra the moon, and kalā a digit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—nāṭaka, by Nārāyana Kavi. Rice. 256.

2) Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला):—nāṭikā, by Viśvanātha. Quoted in Sāhityadarpaṇa p. 52. 177. 178.

3) Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला):—med. See Śataślokīcandrakalā.

4) Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला):—Laghuśabdenduśekharaṭīkā by Bhairavamiśra. Candrakalākāraka, by the same. Np. I, 102.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला):—[=candra-kalā] [from candra > cand] f. a digit or 1/16 of the moon’s disc (each digit is personified as a female divinity, [Tantr.]), the crescent on the day before or after the new moon, [Kathāsaritsāgara i, 39]

2) [v.s. ...] the mark of a finger-nail resembling the crescent before or after new moon

3) [v.s. ...] the fish Pimelodus Vacha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of drum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] (in music) a kind of measure

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a drama, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa iii, 96/97]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candrakalā (चन्द्रकला):—[candra-kalā] (lā) 1. f. A digit, 16th of the moon’s orb; a small drum; a fish called Vacha; the moonstone; the moon’s wife.

[Sanskrit to German]

Candrakala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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