Candralekha, Candra-lekha, Candralekhā: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Candralekha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandralekha.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first five, the seventh and the tenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru).

⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦
⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⎼⎼¦¦

Candralekhā falls in the Jagatī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing twelve syllables each.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Candralekha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा) is the name of powerful Yakṣīnī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 49. Accordingly, as a certain Yakṣiṇī said to Ādityaśarman: “... yes, handsome man, there is. Vidyunmālā, Candralekhā and Sulocanā the third are the best among the Yakṣiṇīs, and among these Sulocanā”.

2) Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा) is wife of Candrāvaloka: an ancient Śivi (Śibi) king, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 113. Accordingly, as Kaśyapa said to Naravāhanadatta: “... there lived among the Śivis a king of the name of Candrāvaloka. That sovereign had a head wife named Candralekhā. Her race was as spotless as the sea of milk, she was pure herself, and in character like the Ganges”.

3) Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा) is the daughter of Jayā, the female warder of Pārvatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 114. Accordingly, “... [Pārvatī] was sitting surrounded by the Gaṇas at the foot of a tree, thinking about her beloved, when a noble Gaṇa, named Maṇipuṣpeśvara, looked lovingly at a young maiden, the daughter of Jayā, called Candralekhā, who was waving a chowrie over the goddess. He was a match for her in youth and beauty, and she met his glance with a responsive look of love, as he stood by her side”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Candralekhā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Candralekha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा) is another name for Vākucī, a medicinal plant identified with Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (“Babchi”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.62-65 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Candralekhā and Vākucī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Candralekha in Chandas glossary
Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

1) Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा) is the name of an Apabhraṃśa metre classified as Dvipadi (metres with two lines in a stanza) discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Candralekhā has 8 mātrās in a line, divided into two caturmātras of any type but the last caturmātra is always of the payodhara or of the vipra type, i.e. either ISI or IIII.

2) Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा) also refers to a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards).—Candralekhā has 24 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 6, 4, 4, 4, 4 and 2 mātrās.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Candralekha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा).—the digit or streak of the moon; अथवा रत्नाकराद् ऋते कुतश्चन्द्रलेखायाः प्रसूतिः (athavā ratnākarād ṛte kutaścandralekhāyāḥ prasūtiḥ) Nāg.2.

Candralekhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and lekhā (लेखा). See also (synonyms): candrarekhā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा).—f.

(-khā) 1. A plant, (Serrantula anthelmintica:) see somarājī. 2. A digit of the moon. E. candra and lekhā a line or mark.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candralekha (चन्द्रलेख).—I. m. the name of a Rākṣasa, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 84, 12. Ii. f. khā. 1. the crescent, ib. 5, 19, 21. 2. a proper name, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 1, 218.

Candralekha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and lekha (लेख).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा).—[feminine] the same, a woman’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candralekha (चन्द्रलेख):—[=candra-lekha] [from candra > cand] m. Name of a Rakṣas, [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 84, 12]

2) Candralekhā (चन्द्रलेखा):—[=candra-lekhā] [from candra-lekha > candra > cand] f. = -rekhā, a digit of the moon, [Nalopākhyāna; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Serratula anthelminthica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a metre of 4 x 13 syllables

5) [v.s. ...] another of 4 x 15 syllables

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of the Nāga Su-śravas, [Rājataraṅgiṇī i, 218]

7) [v.s. ...] of Kṣema-gupta’s wife, [vi, 179]

8) [v.s. ...] of a princess (whose teacher was Bilhaṇa; also called Śaśi-kalā), [Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa viii, 4; Caurapañcāśikā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

9) [v.s. ...] of two other women, [Kathāsaritsāgara cxiii f.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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