Jangha, Jana-ogha, Jaṅghā, Jaṅgha: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Jangha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

According to the Matsya Purāṇa, Jaṅgha (leg) from knee to ankle is 24 aṅgulas.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Jaṅghā (जङ्घा) is another name (synonym) for stambha, a Sanskrit technical term referring to “pillar”. These synonyms are defined in texts such as Mayamata (verse 15.2), Mānasāra (verse 15.2-3), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.2) and Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (Kriya, verses 31.19-20).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Jaṅghā (जङ्घा ) refers to “shank” (the part of leg which stretches from the ankle to the knee). It is one of the parts of the human body with which gestures (āṅgika) are performaned, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

There are five different ‘movements of the shank (jaṅghā)’ defined:

  1. āvartita (turned),
  2. nata (bent),
  3. kṣipta (thrown out),
  4. udvāhita (raised),
  5. parivṛtta (turned back).
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Jaṅgha (जङ्घ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.4.51, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jaṅgha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jaṅghā (जङ्घा, “thigh”) refers to the “two thighs”, from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his two thighs (jaṅghā).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jaṅghā.—(HRS), forced service as messenger, as indicated by the Jātakas; also same as Jaṅghākarika. Note: jaṅghā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jaṅghā : (f.) the lower leg; the calf of the leg.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Jaṅghā, (f.) (Vedic jaṅghā; cp. Av. zanga, ankle; Goth. gaggan, to go; Ags. gang, walk. From *gheṅgh to walk; see also jaghana) the leg, usually the lower leg (from knee to ankle) D. II, 17≈(S. I, 16=Sn. 165 (eṇi°); Sn. 610; J. II, 240; V, 42; VI, 34; ThA. 212). In cpds. jaṅgha° (except in jaṅghā-vihāra).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaṅghā (जंघा).—f S pop. and poetically jaṅgha f The thigh or the whole leg. See ex. under jaghana. 2 In popular understanding. The calf of the leg.

--- OR ---

jāṅgha (जांघ).—f (jaṅgha S) The thigh. 2 The groin or pubic region.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaṅghā (जंघा).—f The thigh or the whole leg.

--- OR ---

jaṅgha (जंघ).—f The thigh or the whole leg.

--- OR ---

jāṅgha (जांघ).—f The thigh. The groin.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaṅghā (जङ्घा).—[jaṅghanyate kuṭilaṃ gacchati han yaṅ luki ac pṛṣo°; cf. Uṇ.5.31]

1) Leg from the ankle to the knee, the shank.

2) The upper part of the leg, the part about the loins.

3) A part of a bed-stead.

--- OR ---

Jangha (जन्घ).—a concourse of people, crowd, mob.

Derivable forms: janghaḥ (जन्घः).

Jangha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jana and ogha (ओघ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jaṅghā (जङ्घा).—name of a (tantalizing) state of preta-existence: Śikṣāsamuccaya 57.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṅghā (जङ्घा).—f.

(-ṅghā) The leg. E. jan to be born, jaṅgha substituted for the radical, and ac aff. jaṅghanyate kuṭilaṃ gacchati gatyarthakasya hanteḥ kauṭilye yaṅluki ac pṛṣo0 .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṅghā (जङ्घा).—i. e. reduplicated han + a, fem. The leg, [Suśruta] 1, 348, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṅghā (जङ्घा).—[feminine] leg, [especially] its under [particle]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaṅgha (जङ्घ):—m. Name of a Rakṣas, [Rāmāyaṇa vi, 69, 12]

2) Jaṅghā (जङ्घा):—[from jaṅgha] a f. (√jaṃh) the shank (from the ankle to the knee), [Ṛg-veda i, 116, 15 and 118, 8; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. (ifc. [Pāṇini 6-2, 144]; f(ā). , [Śrutabodha]; also f(ī). , [Pāṇini 4-1, 55])

3) [v.s. ...] the leg

4) [v.s. ...] a part of a bedstead, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxix, 30]

5) [v.s. ...] of a carriage See ratha-.

6) [v.s. ...] b f. See sub voce gha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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