Sucimukha, aka: Sūcimukha, Sūcīmukha; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sucimukha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Suchimukha.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Sūcīmukha (सूचीमुख).—One of twenty-eight hells, intended for the haughty and the miserly.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 26. 7 and 36.

1b) A commander of Bhaṇḍa: killed by Tiraskarṇikā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 21. 78; 24. 9, 44, 96.

1c) A Piśāca clan.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 265.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Sūcīmukha (सूचीमुख) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. It is also known by the name Sūcyāsya. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

2) Sūcīmukha (सूचीमुख) is another name for Sūcyāsya, a Sanskrit technical term referring to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘dance hands’ (nṛttahasta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. It is also known by the name Sūcīmukha.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Sūcīmukha (सूचीमुख).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The fore finger of the Kaṭakāmukha hand to be stretched.

(Uses): I shall tell you briefly of its various uses as the forefinger [in it] is raised and bent, moving sideways, shaking, moving up and down, and moving up without any rest. By moving the forefinger upwards [in this hand] are to be represented discus, lightning, banners, blossoms, earring, zigzag movement, a cry of approbation, young serpent, young sprout, incense, lamp, creepers, Śikhaṇḍa, falling down, curve and roundness and with the forefinger raised this [hand] again should be used in [representing] stars, nose, [the number] one, club and stick.

2) Sūcīmukha (सूचीमुख).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta);—(Instructions): The two Sarpaśiraḥ hands with their thumbs touching middle fingers are to stretch their tips obliquely. The Dance-hands are to be used in forming Karaṇas.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Sūcīmukha (सूचीमुख) refers to a kind of weapon (the point of a needle). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Sūcimukha (सूचिमुख) refers to one of the thirty hells (naraka) mentioned in the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 8.21 (on the narrative of hells). The hells are destinations where dead beings brought by messengers of Yama (the God of the Pitṛs), and get punished by him according to their karmas and faults.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam (mentioning Sūcimukha), is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Śāktism book cover
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Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

In Buddhism

Pali

sūcimukha : (m.) a mosquito.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

sūcimukha (सूचिमुख).—a Pointed, peaked, tapering.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 8 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tapasya
Tapasya (तपस्य) refrers to one of the ten sons of Tāmasa Manu (of the fourth manvantara), accor...
Shuci
śuci (शुचि).—a Clean, holy.--- OR --- sūcī (सूची).—f A needle. An index; a list. A preamble. A ...
Naraka
Nāraka refers to a kind of weapon employed in warfare by the soldiers, according to Śrīnātha’s ...
Kaka
kāka (काक).—m (S) A crow.--- OR --- kākā (काका).—m ( H) A paternal uncle. This meaning is rathe...
Sucyasya
1) Sūcyāsya (सूच्यास्य) is another name for Sūcīmukha, a Sanskrit technical term referring t...
Ardharecita
Ardharecita (अर्धरेचित).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta)...
Sucyagra
sūcyagra (सूच्यग्र).—a Pointed, peaked, tapering.
Asamyuta
Asaṃyuta (असंयुत) refers to “single hand”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter ...

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