Sambhoga, Saṃbhoga: 16 definitions



Sambhoga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sambhog.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Saṃbhoga (संभोग, “love in union”) refers to one of the two types of Śṛṅgāra-rasa according to both Viśvanātha (Sāhityadarpaṇa III.186) and Mammaṭa (Kāvyaprakāśa IV. p. 84). Saṃbhoa also refers to one of the three types of Śṛṅgāra-rasa (love-sentiment) according to Dhanañjaya (Daśarūpaka IV.50). The saṃbhoga-śṛṅgāra takes place, when the hero and the heroine are in the enjoyment of each other’s company, engaged in love-making through sight, touch, kissing etc. Dhanañjaya is also of the same observation, regarding saṃbhoga type of śṛṅgāra.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sambhoga in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sambhoga (सम्भोग) refers to “(sexual) intercourse”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] The goddess satisfied his mind in fulness in the matter of intercourse (sambhoga). She seemed to enter his body. He made her drink that juice. With garlands of flowers wreathed by himself he decorated her person and felt new pleasures”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Saṃbhoga (संभोग, “enjoyment”) or Saṃbhogapuṭa refers to the third layer of the Herukamaṇḍala: a large-scale and elaborate maṇḍala of Heruka, consisting of 986 deities, as found in the Ḍākārṇava chapter 15.—The Herukamaṇḍala consists of four layers (puṭa) consisting of concentric circles (cakra, totally one lotus at the center and 12 concentric circles, that is, 13 circles in total).

The Third layer (saṃbhoga-puṭa, ‘enjoyment’) consists of:

  1. The fire circle (agnicakra),
  2. The water circle (jalacakra or udakacakra),
  3. The gnosis circle (jñānacakra).
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sambhoga.—cf. rāja-sambhoga, ratnatraya-sambhoga; same as bhoga. Note: sambhoga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Sambhoga.—(LL), a section of the Jain community. Note: sambhoga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sambhoga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sambhoga : (m.) eating or living together with.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sambhoga, (saṃ+bhoga) eating, living together with Vin. I, 97; II, 21; IV, 137; A. I, 92; SnA 71; J. IV, 127; Sdhp. 435. (Page 694)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sambhōga (संभोग).—m (S) Enjoyment or fruition: popularly understood of sexual enjoyment. 2 Use or employment. 3 A branch of śṛṅgārarasa,--happy or successful love.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sambhōga (संभोग).—m Enjoyment or fruition. Use.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃbhoga (संभोग).—

1) Enjoyment (in general), pleasure, delight; सत्संभोगाफलाः श्रियः (satsaṃbhogāphalāḥ śriyaḥ) Subhāṣ.

2) Possession, use, occupation; संभोगो दृश्यते यत्र न दृश्येतागमः क्वचित् (saṃbhogo dṛśyate yatra na dṛśyetāgamaḥ kvacit) Ms.8.2.

3) Carnal enjoyment, sexual union, copulation; संभोगान्ते मम समुचितो हस्तसंवाहनानाम् (saṃbhogānte mama samucito hastasaṃvāhanānām) Me.98.

4) A lecher, catamite.

5) A sub-division of the sentiment of love; see under शृङ्गार (śṛṅgāra).

Derivable forms: saṃbhogaḥ (संभोगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sambhoga (सम्भोग).—n.

(-gaḥ) 1. Enjoyment, pleasure, delight. 2. Coition, copulation. 3. A Jaina or Baudd'ha Sasana or edict, &c. 4. One branch of the Sringara-rasa, or sentiment of love, happy or successful love, meeting or union of lovers. 5. A catamite. 6. Use, occupation, employment. E. sam with, bhoga enjoyment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃbhoga (संभोग).—i. e. sam-bhuj + a, m. 1. Enjoyment, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 67; sensual enjoyment, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 230. 2. Coition, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 94; copulation. 3. A catamite. 4. Use, occupation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 200.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃbhoga (संभोग).—[masculine] possession, enjoyment, [especially] carnal enjoyment, sexual union.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sambhoga (सम्भोग):—[from sam-bhugna] 1. sambhoga See bhuja-s, p. 759, col. 1.

2) [=sam-bhoga] [from sam-bhuj] 2. sam-bhoga m. (ifc. f(ā). ) complete enjoyment, pleasure, delight in ([compound]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] carnal or sensual enjoyment, sexual union with ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (in [rhetoric]) a subdivision of the Śṛṅgāra or sentiment of love (described as ‘successful love leading to union’, and opp. to vipralambha, ‘disappointed love, separation’), [Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.], ‘duration; joy; employment, use; a Partic. part of an elephant’s trunk; a Jaina or Buddhist edict; a libertine’)

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sambhoga (सम्भोग):—[sa-mbhoga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Enjoyment; copulation; Jaina edict; happy love; a catamite; use, employment.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Saṃbhoga (संभोग):—(wie eben) m. am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā .

1) Genuss [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 71.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 132.] [Medinīkoṣa g. 50.] [Halāyudha 5, 42.] pṛthivyāḥ parjanyena saṃbhogaḥ [Yāska’s Nirukta 7, 5.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 7, 2, 16.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 200] (so v. a. Nutzniessung). [Mahābhārata 2, 474.] [Bharata] [NĀṬYAŚ. 18, 93] (teṣu). viṣayāmiṣasya [Spr. (II) 6887. 1328.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 9, 12.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 20, 21.] [Sāhityadarpana 78.] [KUSUM. 9, 7.] rāja die Genüsse eines Fürsten [Bharata] [NĀṬYAŚ. 18, 45.] satsaṃbhogaphalāḥ śriyaḥ [Spr. (II) 6200.] priya der Genuss an einem Freunde (oder zu [2) 1015.] ati [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 398.] a [Spr. (II) 769.] —

2) Liebesgenuss, Befriedigung der Zärtlichkeit [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.1,1,127.3,3,71.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 537.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha] [Bharata] [NĀṬYAŚ. 19,75.] [DAŚAR.2,46.4,47. 63.] [Sāhityadarpana 127. 211. 225.] [PRATĀPAR. 58,a,7.] [Mahābhārata.1,3905.] snehapraṇayasaṃbhogaiḥ (saṃbhoga = sevā, annapānādiviśeṣapradāna Comm.) [Rāmāyaṇa.2,26,31.] [Meghadūta 94.] [Spr. (II) 622. 3426.] [Kathāsaritsāgara.3,69.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 62,30.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī.1,111.5,230.6,164. 166.] [Oxforder Handschriften 123,a,43. 208,b,30. 218,b,22.] [PAÑCAR.2,8,10.] saṃbhogaṃ kar [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 16, 15. 21, 13.] śṛṅgāra [Sāhityadarpana 7, 7. 16.] bhāryā Befriedigung des Liebesgenusses mit [Kathāsaritsāgara 21, 25. 28, 90. 31, 13.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 18, 31. 126, 26.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 308. 2, 103. 3, 504.] [Sāhityadarpana 114.] asaṃbhogo jarā strīṇām [Spr. (II) 236.] surata dass. [Kathāsaritsāgara 45, 218. 334.] tayā saha suratasaṃbhogaṃ vidhāya [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 9, 1. 2.] ātmapradānasaṃbhogaiḥ [Mahābhārata 4, 400.] —

3) so v. a. Dauer in tithi [WEBER, Nakṣ. 2, 287.] —

4) = harṣa [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

5) = śuṇḍā [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] —

6) = jinaśāsana [Medinīkoṣa]; vgl. kāya . —

7) = kelināgara [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma]; vgl. saṃbhogin . —

8) Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Hiouen-Thsang 1, 397.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sambhoga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃbhoga (संभोग) [Also spelled sambhog]:—(nm) coition, carnal intercourse, sexual enjoyment; delight, pleasure; —[śrṛṃgāra] see [saṃyogaśrṛṃgāra] (under [saṃyoga]).

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