Wisdom Library Logo

Vyantara, 2 Definition(s)


Vyantara means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vyantara (व्यन्तर).—The vyantaras represent a class of Gods (devas) comprising eight groups of deities that wander about the three worlds (adhaloka, madhyaloka and ūrdhvaloka).

The following are the eight groups of vyantaras:

  1. Piśāca,
  2. Bhūta,
  3. Yakṣa,
  4. Rākṣasa,
  5. Kiṃnara,
  6. Kiṃpuruṣa,
  7. Mahoraga,
  8. Gandharva.

Each group of deities is made up of different members and ruled over by two kings (indras), idintified by a colour, a symbol and a species of tree.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Vyantara (व्यन्तर).—The Vyantaras or Vāṇamantaras living in the Ratnaprabhā earth are divided into eight chief classes by both the sects (Digambara and Śvetāmbara). They are:

  1. Piśācas,
  2. Bhūtas,
  3. Yakṣas,
  4. Rākṣasas,
  5. Kinnaras,
  6. Kimpuruṣas,
  7. Mahoragas,
  8. Gandharvas.

The Tiloyapannatti further says that vyantara cities of the jambūdvīpa have various types of gṛhas namely sāmānyagṛha, caityagṛha, kadalīgṛha, garbhagṛha, latāgṛha, nādagṛha and āsanagṛha. In the beautiful palaces of the city are various types of seats, of the shape of elephants, lions, parrots, peacocks, crocodiles, eagles, swans etc.

The Prajñāpanā describes the general appearance of all the Vānamantaras or Vyantaras. They are of an unsteady nature attached to dance and music, adorned with vanamālās of various flowers, wearing garments of different colours, and used to taking different shapes and forms, smiling or laughing. They like love-quarrels and adorn their bodies with various ornaments such as the aṅgada, kuṇḍala, karṇapīṭha etc., and with marks of sandal pastes. they carry sword, mudgara (club), śakti (dark) and kunta (spear) in their hands.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Relevant definitions

Search found 28 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Deva (देव).—Description of a women of goddes (deva) type;—A woman who has delicate limbs, stead...
Yakṣa (यक्ष) is the name of a deity to be invoked in a certain ritual, according to the Mānavag...
Gāndharva (गान्धर्व, “classical music”).—That which master musicians (gandharva) have been perf...
Rākṣasa (राक्षस) refers to a class of demons and represents a type of Ādhibhautika pain, accord...
Bhūta (भूत).—Bhūta means any being, sentient, insentient, or divine; creatures in general; a sp...
Piśāca (पिशाच) refers to a class of demons and represents a type of Ādhibhautika pain, accordin...
Kinnara (किन्नर).—A class of vyantara gods;—According to the Tiloyapaṇṇatti they are divided in...
Indra (इन्द्र).—Protector deity of the eastern cremation ground.—Indra is the king of the gods,...
Mahoraga (महोरग).—The mahoragas are a group of deities categorised as belonging to the vyantara...
Kimpuruṣa (किम्पुरुष) refers to one of the seven regions (navakhaṇḍa) situated within Jambūdvīp...
Garbhagṛha (गर्भगृह) refers to a type of gṛha located in the vyantara cities of Jambūdvīpa, acc...
Manuṣya (मनुष्य) refers to “men” (mankind) and represents a type of Ādhibhautika pain, accordin...
Tāmisra (तामिस्र, “darkness”) is the fourth type of viparyaya (ignorance), according to the Sāṃ...
Ratnaprabhā (रत्नप्रभा).—The ratnaprabhā is divided into three parts: the uppermost, called the...
Subhadraka (सुभद्रक) refers to a class of yakṣas, which are deities categorised as belonging to...

Relevant text

- Was this explanation helpufll? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.