Cari, aka: Cārī, Carī; 6 Definition(s)


Cari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chari.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Cārī (चारी) refers to a “dance step”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru) is called a cārī. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 10.52, “For in the movement of feet are included all the movements of shanks and thighs.”

There are on total thirty-two cārīs defined, of which sixteen classified as earthly (bhaumī):

  1. samapādā,
  2. sthitāvartā,
  3. śakaṭāsyā,
  4. adhyardhikā,
  5. cāṣagati,
  6. vicyavā,
  7. eḍakākrīḍitā,
  8. baddhā,
  9. ūrūdvṛttā,
  10. aḍḍitā,
  11. utsyanditā,
  12. janitā,
  13. syanditā,
  14. apasyanditā,
  15. samotsaritamatalli,
  16. matalli.

And sixteen cārīs are classified as aerial (ākāśikī):

  1. atikrāntā,
  2. apakrāntā,
  3. pārśvakrāntā,
  4. ūrdhvajānu,
  5. sūcī,
  6. nūpurapādika,
  7. dolapādā,
  8. ākṣiptā,
  9. āviddhā,
  10. udvṛttā,
  11. vidyudbhrāntā,
  12. alātā,
  13. bhujaṅgatrasitā,
  14. hariṇaplutā,
  15. daṇḍā,
  16. bhramarī.

These are divided within four different classes:

  1. cārī (movement with a single foot),
  2. karaṇa (two feet moving together),
  3. khaṇḍa (combination of three karaṇas),
  4. maṇḍala (combination of three or four khaṇḍas).

2) Cārī also refers to one of the ten practices performed after the removal of the stage curtain, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. Accordingly, “The cārī is so called because it consists of movements depicting the Erotic Sentiment (śṛṅgāra).”.

Performing the cārī preliminary pleases Umā. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 5.57-58, “The performance of the Preliminaries which means worshipping (pūjā) the gods (devas), is praised by them (i.e. gods) and is conducive to duty, fame and long life. And this performance whether with or without songs, is meant for pleasing the Daityas and the Dānavas as well as the gods.”

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Probably the name of a celestial musician, or, perhaps, of a musical instrument. VvA.94; but see note on p.372, also p.211, where Cari is omitted from the list.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

cari : (aor. of carati) walked or roamed about; behaved. || cārī (adj.), (in cpds.) acting; practising; living; behaving.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

carī (चरी).—f R (Dim. of cara) A small ditch, trench, gutter, or channel. 2 A cord made by rubbing yarn or strands together in the hand.

--- OR ---

cārī (चारी).—a masc (S) That goes or moves. In comp. Ex. pāda-ākāśa-jala-aśva-grāma-vana-cārī.

--- OR ---

cārī (चारी).—f The inclined plane of a draw-well.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

carī (चरी).—f A small ditch, trench, gutter, or channel.

--- OR ---

cārī (चारी).—f The inclined plain of a draw- well. a That moves.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cari (चरि).—[car-in] An animal.

Derivable forms: cariḥ (चरिः).

--- OR ---

Cārī (चारी).—f. Wandering; जातपक्षा यदा ते च गताश्चारीमितस्ततः (jātapakṣā yadā te ca gatāścārīmitastataḥ) Mb.12.262.5.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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