Cari, Cārī, Carī, Caru-i: 11 definitions

Introduction

Cari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chari.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Cārī (चारी) refers to a “dance step”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru) is called a cārī. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 10.52, “For in the movement of feet are included all the movements of shanks and thighs.”

There are on total thirty-two cārīs defined, of which sixteen classified as earthly (bhaumī):

  1. samapādā,
  2. sthitāvartā,
  3. śakaṭāsyā,
  4. adhyardhikā,
  5. cāṣagati,
  6. vicyavā,
  7. eḍakākrīḍitā,
  8. baddhā,
  9. ūrūdvṛttā,
  10. aḍḍitā,
  11. utsyanditā,
  12. janitā,
  13. syanditā,
  14. apasyanditā,
  15. samotsaritamatalli,
  16. matalli.

And sixteen cārīs are classified as aerial (ākāśikī):

  1. atikrāntā,
  2. apakrāntā,
  3. pārśvakrāntā,
  4. ūrdhvajānu,
  5. sūcī,
  6. nūpurapādika,
  7. dolapādā,
  8. ākṣiptā,
  9. āviddhā,
  10. udvṛttā,
  11. vidyudbhrāntā,
  12. alātā,
  13. bhujaṅgatrasitā,
  14. hariṇaplutā,
  15. daṇḍā,
  16. bhramarī.

These are divided within four different classes:

  1. cārī (movement with a single foot),
  2. karaṇa (two feet moving together),
  3. khaṇḍa (combination of three karaṇas),
  4. maṇḍala (combination of three or four khaṇḍas).

2) Cārī also refers to one of the ten practices performed after the removal of the stage curtain, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. Accordingly, “The cārī is so called because it consists of movements depicting the Erotic Sentiment (śṛṅgāra).”.

Performing the cārī preliminary pleases Umā. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 5.57-58, “The performance of the Preliminaries which means worshipping (pūjā) the gods (devas), is praised by them (i.e. gods) and is conducive to duty, fame and long life. And this performance whether with or without songs, is meant for pleasing the Daityas and the Dānavas as well as the gods.”

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Probably the name of a celestial musician, or, perhaps, of a musical instrument. VvA.94; but see note on p.372, also p.211, where Cari is omitted from the list.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Carī.—(EI 33), pasture land; same as carī-kṣetra. (EI 21), grazing tax; grazing land. Cf. cārī. Note: carī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Cārī.—(LP), Gujarātī cāro, grass; probably, pasture land; cf. carī. (CII 4), grazing tax. Note: cārī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cari : (aor. of carati) walked or roamed about; behaved. || cārī (adj.), (in cpds.) acting; practising; living; behaving.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cārī refers to: Pv III, 614. (Page 265)

Note: cārī is a Pali compound consisting of the words cāru and ī.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

carī (चरी).—f R (Dim. of cara) A small ditch, trench, gutter, or channel. 2 A cord made by rubbing yarn or strands together in the hand.

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cārī (चारी).—a masc (S) That goes or moves. In comp. Ex. pāda-ākāśa-jala-aśva-grāma-vana-cārī.

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cārī (चारी).—f The inclined plane of a draw-well.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

carī (चरी).—f A small ditch, trench, gutter, or channel.

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cārī (चारी).—f The inclined plain of a draw- well. a That moves.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cari (चरि).—[car-in] An animal.

Derivable forms: cariḥ (चरिः).

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Cārī (चारी).—f. Wandering; जातपक्षा यदा ते च गताश्चारीमितस्ततः (jātapakṣā yadā te ca gatāścārīmitastataḥ) Mb.12.262.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cari (चरि).—or carī (ī chiefly or wholly m.c.), f. (not recorded in MIndic; = Sanskrit caryā, Pali cariyā, both also in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit], see s.vv.; compare § 3.115), course of conduct, regular system of action (especially religious); particularly with reference to the programmatic course of a Bodhisattva, leading to enlighten- ment; (on its four aspects or stages see s.v. caryā;) these forms chiefly, but not exclusively, in verse; see also cāri, cārikā; in prose the usual expression is (Bodhi- sattva-)caryā, e.g. Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 7.1; 65.5; Lalitavistara 90.10; Gaṇḍavyūha 58.9; but even in prose note (bo) dhisattva-cari-niṣpanda- Lalitavistara 5.1 (all mss., only Calcutta (see LV.) °carita°), and compare Bhadracari-vidhi- pūrvakaṃ Śikṣāsamuccaya 139.13 (prose; the bhadra-cari is the bodhisattva-cari; the work of this name is elsewhere called Bhadra-caryā in the prose of Śikṣāsamuccaya, 290.8; 291.9; 297.1); in Bhadracarī itself the form is Bhadracari wherever meter does not require ī, as in the [compound] °cari-praṇidhāna 2, 49, 54, 61, where in the seam of the [compound] the consonant cluster makes the preceding syllable long; compare also the acc. sg. °cariṃ (not °carīṃ) 17, 22, 26, 51, 62; Watanabe wrongly regards the title as primarily °carī. (All remaining citations in this article are from verses.) caryā may be used even in verses, where meter is indifferent (so Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 67.13) or requires long first syllable (Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 68.6), tho in the latter case cāri (°ī) and cārikā, qq.v., are also found; nearly all the cases here cited refer to the religious course leading to enlightenment, to Buddhahood or Bodhisattvahood, but occasionally the term is applied to any or all human courses of action, including such as are disapproved; iya bāla-carī, this foolish (or childish) course Lalitavistara 174.9, 11 (verse); jāniya te cariṃ ca Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 45.3, knowing them (all the creatures of the world) and their (various) course(s) of action; cariṃ- cariṃ jāniya nityakālaṃ vadāmi sattvāna tathā-tathāhaṃ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 326.11, knowing the various modes of conduct (of beings) always, I speak to creatures in this or that way (Kashgar recension, Thomas ap. Hoernle [Manuscript Remains of Buddhist literature found in Eastern Turkestan] 133.1, cari acari, metrically impossible, and uninterpretable; Thomas the moving and not-moving [of living beings], which seems unacceptable); jagataḥ prajānase yā carir yatha ca karmasaṃbhavaḥ Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 6.1; otherwise, referring to the course of Bodhisattvas, also called the true (bhūta), subtle (sūkṣma), pure (viśud- dha), supreme (uttama) course, the course of (leading to) enlightenment (bodhi-), of morality (śīla-), or other similar epithets; also duṣkara-, referring to Śākyamuni's tempo- rary experiment with severe austerities; often former, ancient (pūrva, purima) with allusion to the length of it thru many past births; frequently a form of the cognate verb car (also ā-car) is used with it: sūkṣmāṃ cariṃ Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 12.7; te (sc. of the Buddha) ātmana yādṛśī carī 63.13; bhūtāṃ cariṃ 64.2 (but in adjoining prose, 64.13, 65.5, caryā); 127.10; 193.6; yathā carī mahya sutena cīrṇa 203.4; smara cari purimāṃ Lalitavistara 161.21; yām evā varacari (acc.) caritas tvaṃ tām evā cari vibhaja jagasya 164.16; purimāṃ praṇidhāna-carīṃ 175.14; tāṃ pūrvacarīm [Page226-a+ 71] anusmarā 178.5; pūrvacariṃ carantaḥ 219.13; ṣaḍvarṣāṇi caritva duṣkaracariṃ 276.1; bodhicari sarva (n. sg.) 341.2; svacarī viśuddhacari pāragatā 360.3; nigadottamāṃ cariṃ Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 9.6; uttamacariṃ prakāśaya 9.14; cari buddha- sutānāṃ Śikṣāsamuccaya 2.16; cariṣyāmy amitāṃ cariṃ 13.19; cari (acc.) samanta-bhadrāṃ Gaṇḍavyūha 57.17—18; purimacariṃ pari- śuddha ācaritvā Sukhāvatīvyūha 23.14; śīlacariṃ Bhadracarī 17; bodhi- cariṃ 22, 26, 28.

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Carī (चरी).—see cari.

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Cāri (चारि).—(m.c. for cari, q.v.), conduct, in [bahuvrīhi] cpds.: sugatasya putrān…śāntapraśāntacārīn Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 12.14 (verse), …of calm, peaceful conduct; paripūrṇacārī (n. pl. m.) ca bhavanti tatra śīlena te prasthita agrabodhim Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 13.4 (verse), having fulfilled the (religious) course of action (that leads to enlightenment).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cari (चरि).—m.

(-riḥ) An animal in general. E. cara locomotive, and i Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Carī (चरी):—[from cara > car] f. a young woman (cf. caraṭi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] = digambaraprasiddhā [gana] gaurādi

3) [v.s. ...] also ifc. See anuand sahacarī.

4) Cari (चरि):—[from car] a m. an animal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Pravara texts i, 1.]

6) [from carācara] b etc. See, [ib.]

7) Cārī (चारी):—[from cāra] f. a particular step (in dancing)

8) [v.s. ...] a trap, snare, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan i, 353.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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