Cari, aka: Cārī, Carī; 9 Definition(s)
Cari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chari.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
1) Cārī (चारी) refers to a “dance step”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru) is called a cārī. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 10.52, “For in the movement of feet are included all the movements of shanks and thighs.”
There are on total thirty-two cārīs defined, of which sixteen classified as earthly (bhaumī):
And sixteen cārīs are classified as aerial (ākāśikī):
These are divided within four different classes:
- cārī (movement with a single foot),
- karaṇa (two feet moving together),
- khaṇḍa (combination of three karaṇas),
- maṇḍala (combination of three or four khaṇḍas).
2) Cārī also refers to one of the ten practices performed after the removal of the stage curtain, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. Accordingly, “The cārī is so called because it consists of movements depicting the Erotic Sentiment (śṛṅgāra).”.
Performing the cārī preliminary pleases Umā. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 5.57-58, “The performance of the Preliminaries which means worshipping (pūjā) the gods (devas), is praised by them (i.e. gods) and is conducive to duty, fame and long life. And this performance whether with or without songs, is meant for pleasing the Daityas and the Dānavas as well as the gods.”Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
Probably the name of a celestial musician, or, perhaps, of a musical instrument. VvA.94; but see note on p.372, also p.211, where Cari is omitted from the list.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geogprahy
Carī.—(EI 33), pasture land; same as carī-kṣetra. (EI 21), grazing tax; grazing land. Cf. cārī. Note: carī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Cārī.—(LP), Gujarātī cāro, grass; probably, pasture land; cf. carī. (CII 4), grazing tax. Note: cārī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
cari : (aor. of carati) walked or roamed about; behaved. || cārī (adj.), (in cpds.) acting; practising; living; behaving.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
carī (चरी).—f R (Dim. of cara) A small ditch, trench, gutter, or channel. 2 A cord made by rubbing yarn or strands together in the hand.
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cārī (चारी).—a masc (S) That goes or moves. In comp. Ex. pāda-ākāśa-jala-aśva-grāma-vana-cārī.
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cārī (चारी).—f The inclined plane of a draw-well.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
carī (चरी).—f A small ditch, trench, gutter, or channel.
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cārī (चारी).—f The inclined plain of a draw- well. a That moves.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Cari (चरि).—[car-in] An animal.
Derivable forms: cariḥ (चरिः).
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Cārī (चारी).—f. Wandering; जातपक्षा यदा ते च गताश्चारीमितस्ततः (jātapakṣā yadā te ca gatāścārīmitastataḥ) Mb.12.262.5.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-riḥ) An animal in general. E. cara locomotive, and i Unadi aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 13 books and stories containing Cari, Cārī or Carī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Commentary on the stanza on the lion (sīha) < [Commentary on biography of Silent Buddhas (Paccekabuddha)]
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Apastamba Dharma-sutra (by Āpastamba)