Uru, aka: Ūru, Urū; 12 Definition(s)
Uru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
According to the Matsya Purāṇa, Ūru (thigh) from pubis to knee is 24 aṅgulas.Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting
Urū (उरू) or Urūhasta refers to “dignified” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., urū-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Ūru (ऊरु).—A son born to Manu Cākṣuṣa by his wife Naḍvalā. Ūru had nine brothers named Pūru, Śatadyumna, Tapasvī, Satyavāk, Kavi, Agniṣṭhu, Atirātra, Sudyumna and Atimanyu. Six great sons were born to Ūru by his wife Ātreyī. They were Aṅga, Sumanas, Svāti, Kratu, Aṅgiras and Gaya. Vena was born to King Aṅga by his wife Sunīthā and the famous emperor Pṛthu was born as the son of Vena. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1) Uru (उरु).—A son of Bhautya Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 114.
2a) Ūru (ऊरु).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu; wife Āgneyī; father of six sons.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79, 106-8; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 41-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 67, 91, 92; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 29.
2b) A son of Bhauma Manu.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 45.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Ūru (ऊरु) refers to the “thigh”, “shank”, etc. It is one of the parts of the human body with which gestures (āṅgika) are performaned, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10.
There are five movements of the thighs (ūru) defined:
- kampana (shaking),
- valana (turning),
- stambhana (motionlessness),
- udvartana (springing up),
- vivartana (turning round).
Ūru (ऊरु, “thighs”) refers to one of the nine “minor limbs” (pratyaṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Pratyaṅgas or the minor limbs consist of shoulders, shoulder blades, arms, back, thighs [viz., Ūru] and calves; at times the wrists, knees and elbows are also counted among minor limbs.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Languages of India and abroad
uru : (adj.) large; wide; eminent. || ūru (m.), the thigh.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
1) Uru, (adj.) (cp. Av. ravah space; Gr. eu)rus wide; Lat. rūs free or wide space, field; Idg. *ru, *uer wide, to which also Goth. rūms space = Ags. rūm, E. room, Ger. raum) wide, large; excellent, eminent J. V, 89; Miln. 354; Sdhp. 345, 592.—pl. urū sands, soil J. V, 303. (Page 155)
2) Ūru, (Vedic ūru; cp. Lat. vārus bow-legged, of Idg. *ǔā, to which also Ohg. wado = Ger. wade calf of leg) the thigh Sn. 610; Vin. II, 105 (in contrast with bāha); III, 106; J. I, 277; II, 275, 443; III, 82; V, 89, 155; Nd2 659 (so read for uru); Vv 6413; DA. I, 135 = Vin. II, 190.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
ūrū (ऊरू).—m f S The thigh.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ūru (ऊरु).—m f The thigh.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Uru (उरु).—a. [urṇu-ku nulopo hrasvaśca Uṇ.1.31] (-ru-rvī f.; compar. varīyas; super. variṣṭha)
1) Wide, spacious.
2) Great, large; जातःकुले तस्य किलोरुकीर्तिः (jātaḥkule tasya kilorukīrtiḥ) R.6.74.
3) Excessive, much, abundant; धनान्युरूणि (dhanānyurūṇi) Śi.3.76.
4) Excellent, precious, valuable. n. Ved. Wide space, space or room. ind. Far, far off (Ved.).
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Ūru (ऊरु).—m. [ūrṇu-karmaṇi ku nulopaśca Uṇ.1.3]
1) The thigh; ऊरू तदस्य यद्वैश्यः (ūrū tadasya yadvaiśyaḥ) Rv.1.9.12; Ms.1.31,87; R. 12.88; (at the end of fem. compounds the form is °ruḥ or °rūḥ, but more usually the latter; rambhorūḥ, vāmorūḥ karabhoru Voc.).
Derivable forms: ūruḥ (ऊरुः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Uru (उरु).—mfn. (-ruḥ-ruḥ-rvī-ru) 1. Large, great. 2. Much, excessive. 3. Long. 4. Valuable, precious. E. ūrṇu to cover, ku Unadi affix; ū is made short, and ṇa dropped by special rule.
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(-ruḥ) The thigh. E. ūrṇu to cover, ku aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Starts with (+87): Urubaru, Urubhinna, Urubilva, Urubilvakashyapa, Urubuddharakkhita, Urucakri, Urucakshas, Urucetiya, Uruchakri, Uruchakshas, Urudadhna, Urudaghna, Urudbhava, Urudha, Urudhammarakkhita, Urudhara, Urudvayasa, Urudvritta, Urugambhirabuddhi, Urugaya.
Ends with (+113): Aguru, Ahananuru, Ainkurunuru, Ajaguru, Ajeguru, Akananuru, Alatturu, Amaraguru, Ananyaguru, Annaguru, Anuru, Aphata-guru, Aruru, Arya-guru, Ashramaguru, Asuraguru, Atiguru, Bahiguru, Bahuguru, Bhaishajyaguru.
Full-text (+174): Urutapa, Urumarga, Uruhara, Urvashthivama, Uruparvan, Unduru, Uruglani, Urvashi, Urukala, Uruvyacas, Stambhana, Urustambha, Udvartana, Urvanga, Variyas, Urujanman, Urugraha, Urabhra, Vartulaka, Urutara.
Search found 32 books and stories containing Uru, Ūru, Ūrū, Urū; (plurals include: Urus, Ūrus, Ūrūs, Urūs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.3.74 < [Part 3 - Involuntary Ecstatic Expressions (sattvika-bhāva)]
Verse 2.1.320 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.3.78 < [Part 3 - Involuntary Ecstatic Expressions (sattvika-bhāva)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 2 - Bones in the Atharva-veda and Āyurveda < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Paraskara-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Hiranyakesi-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)