Uru, Ūru, Urū: 16 definitions

Introduction

Uru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

According to the Matsya Purāṇa, Ūru (thigh) from pubis to knee is 24 aṅgulas.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Urū (उरू) or Urūhasta refers to “dignified” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., urū-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ūru (ऊरु).—A son born to Manu Cākṣuṣa by his wife Naḍvalā. Ūru had nine brothers named Pūru, Śatadyumna, Tapasvī, Satyavāk, Kavi, Agniṣṭhu, Atirātra, Sudyumna and Atimanyu. Six great sons were born to Ūru by his wife Ātreyī. They were Aṅga, Sumanas, Svāti, Kratu, Aṅgiras and Gaya. Vena was born to King Aṅga by his wife Sunīthā and the famous emperor Pṛthu was born as the son of Vena. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Uru (उरु).—A son of Bhautya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 114.

2a) Ūru (ऊरु).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu; wife Āgneyī; father of six sons.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79, 106-8; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 41-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 67, 91, 92; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 29.

2b) A son of Bhauma Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 45.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ūru (ऊरु) refers to the “thigh”, “shank”, etc. It is one of the parts of the human body with which gestures (āṅgika) are performaned, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10.

There are five movements of the thighs (ūru) defined:

  1. kampana (shaking),
  2. valana (turning),
  3. stambhana (motionlessness),
  4. udvartana (springing up),
  5. vivartana (turning round).
Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Ūru (ऊरु, “thighs”) refers to one of the nine “minor limbs” (pratyaṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Pratyaṅgas or the minor limbs consist of shoulders, shoulder blades, arms, back, thighs [viz., Ūru] and calves; at times the wrists, knees and elbows are also counted among minor limbs.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Ūru (ऊरु) refers to “thighs”, which is mentioned in verse 3.15 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Passionate (and) lovely women with exuberant thighs [viz., pīvara-ūru], breasts, and buttocks take away the cold, their body being hot with incense, saffron, and youth. [...]”.

Note: The possessive compound pīvara-ūru-stana-śroṇī—“with exuberant thighs, breasts, and buttocks” has been resolved as usual by means of modal accusatives: nu-ma brla daṅ ro-smad rgyas—“exuberant in breasts, thighs, and buttocks [lit., lower parts]”, with ūru and stana transposed.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

uru : (adj.) large; wide; eminent. || ūru (m.), the thigh.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Uru, (adj.) (cp. Av. ravah space; Gr. eu)rus wide; Lat. rūs free or wide space, field; Idg. *ru, *uer wide, to which also Goth. rūms space = Ags. rūm, E. room, Ger. raum) wide, large; excellent, eminent J. V, 89; Miln. 354; Sdhp. 345, 592.—pl. urū sands, soil J. V, 303. (Page 155)

2) Ūru, (Vedic ūru; cp. Lat. vārus bow-legged, of Idg. *ǔā, to which also Ohg. wado = Ger. wade calf of leg) the thigh Sn. 610; Vin. II, 105 (in contrast with bāha); III, 106; J. I, 277; II, 275, 443; III, 82; V, 89, 155; Nd2 659 (so read for uru); Vv 6413; DA. I, 135 = Vin. II, 190.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ūrū (ऊरू).—m f S The thigh.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ūru (ऊरु).—m f The thigh.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uru (उरु).—a. [urṇu-ku nulopo hrasvaśca Uṇ.1.31] (-ru-rvī f.; compar. varīyas; super. variṣṭha)

1) Wide, spacious.

2) Great, large; जातःकुले तस्य किलोरुकीर्तिः (jātaḥkule tasya kilorukīrtiḥ) R.6.74.

3) Excessive, much, abundant; धनान्युरूणि (dhanānyurūṇi) Śi.3.76.

4) Excellent, precious, valuable. n. Ved. Wide space, space or room. ind. Far, far off (Ved.).

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Ūru (ऊरु).—m. [ūrṇu-karmaṇi ku nulopaśca Uṇ.1.3]

1) The thigh; ऊरू तदस्य यद्वैश्यः (ūrū tadasya yadvaiśyaḥ) Rv.1.9.12; Ms.1.31,87; R. 12.88; (at the end of fem. compounds the form is °ruḥ or °rūḥ, but more usually the latter; rambhorūḥ, vāmorūḥ karabhoru Voc.).

Derivable forms: ūruḥ (ऊरुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uru (उरु).—mfn. (-ruḥ-ruḥ-rvī-ru) 1. Large, great. 2. Much, excessive. 3. Long. 4. Valuable, precious. E. ūrṇu to cover, ku Unadi affix; ū is made short, and ṇa dropped by special rule.

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Ūru (ऊरु).—m.

(-ruḥ) The thigh. E. ūrṇu to cover, ku aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uru (उरु).—i. e. vṛ + u, adj., I. f. urvī, Large, Mahābhārata 1, 1222. Comparat. varīyaṃs, superl. variṣṭha, Mahābhārata 14, 879. Ii. f. Urvī, the earth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 44, 130.

— Cf.

--- OR ---

Ūru (ऊरु).—perhaps akin to uru, m. The thigh, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 32. When the latter part of a comp. adj., the fem. ends in ru, or , e. g. vāmoru, i. e. vāma-, f. , Having beautiful thighs, Mahābhārata 1, 1903; but ru (against the grammatical rule), Mahābhārata 1, 2988. karabhopamoru, i. e. karabha-upama-ūru, f. , and karabhoru, i. e. karabha- f. , Having thighs like the proboscis of an elephant, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 6, 83; [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 69. rambha-, f. , Having bambu-like thighs, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 45. vara-, f. ru, Having beautiful thighs, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 53.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uru (उरु).—[feminine] urvī spacious, extensive, wide, broad, great. —[neuter] [adverb] widely, far; as subst. space, room, wide scope, freedom, [with] kṛ give room, liberty, opportunity. —[feminine] urvī the earth, the soil; [dual] heaven and earth; [plural] [with] ṣaṣ the six spaces (the four quarters of the sky with what is above and below).

--- OR ---

Ūru (ऊरु).—[masculine] thigh (adj. —° [feminine] ūru or ūrū); [Name] of an old sage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uru (उरु):—mf()n. (√1. vṛ; √ūrṇu, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 32]), wide, broad, spacious, extended, great, large, much, excessive, excellent, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa]

2) m. (us) Name of an Āṅgirasa, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

3) of a son of the fourteenth Manu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) n. (u) wide space, space, room, [Ṛg-veda] (with √kṛ, to grant space or scope, give opportunity, [Ṛg-veda])

5) ind. widely, far, far off, [Ṛg-veda]

6) [Comparative degree] varīyas, [superlative degree] variṣṭha;

7) cf. [Greek] εὐρύς, εὐρύνω, etc.: [Hibernian or Irish] ur, ‘very’; uras, ‘power, ability.’

8) Ūru (ऊरु):—m. [the f. may be ū at the end of compounds in comparison, [Pāṇini 4-1, 69]], ([from] √ūrṇu, [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 31]) the thigh, shank, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti etc.]

9) Name of an Āṅgirasa and author of a Vedic hymn

10) Name of a son of Manu Cākṣuṣa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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