Uru, aka: Ūru, Urū; 11 Definition(s)


Uru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

According to the Matsya Purāṇa, Ūru (thigh) from pubis to knee is 24 aṅgulas.

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Urū (उरू) or Urūhasta refers to “dignified” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., urū-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ūru (ऊरु).—A son born to Manu Cākṣuṣa by his wife Naḍvalā. Ūru had nine brothers named Pūru, Śatadyumna, Tapasvī, Satyavāk, Kavi, Agniṣṭhu, Atirātra, Sudyumna and Atimanyu. Six great sons were born to Ūru by his wife Ātreyī. They were Aṅga, Sumanas, Svāti, Kratu, Aṅgiras and Gaya. Vena was born to King Aṅga by his wife Sunīthā and the famous emperor Pṛthu was born as the son of Vena. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Uru (उरु).—A son of Bhautya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 114.

2a) Ūru (ऊरु).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu; wife Āgneyī; father of six sons.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79, 106-8; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 41-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 67, 91, 92; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 29.

2b) A son of Bhauma Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 45.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Ūru (ऊरु) refers to the “thigh”, “shank”, etc. It is one of the parts of the human body with which gestures (āṅgika) are performaned, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10.

There are five movements of the thighs (ūru) defined:

  1. kampana (shaking),
  2. valana (turning),
  3. stambhana (motionlessness),
  4. udvartana (springing up),
  5. vivartana (turning round).
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ūru (ऊरु, “thighs”) refers to one of the nine “minor limbs” (pratyaṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Pratyaṅgas or the minor limbs consist of shoulders, shoulder blades, arms, back, thighs [viz., Ūru] and calves; at times the wrists, knees and elbows are also counted among minor limbs.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

uru : (adj.) large; wide; eminent. || ūru (m.), the thigh.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Uru, (adj.) (cp. Av. ravah space; Gr. eu)rus wide; Lat. rūs free or wide space, field; Idg. *ru, *uer wide, to which also Goth. rūms space = Ags. rūm, E. room, Ger. raum) wide, large; excellent, eminent J. V, 89; Miln. 354; Sdhp. 345, 592.—pl. urū sands, soil J. V, 303. (Page 155)

— or —

Ūru, (Vedic ūru; cp. Lat. vārus bow-legged, of Idg. *ǔā, to which also Ohg. wado = Ger. wade calf of leg) the thigh Sn. 610; Vin. II, 105 (in contrast with bāha); III, 106; J. I, 277; II, 275, 443; III, 82; V, 89, 155; Nd2 659 (so read for uru); Vv 6413; DA. I, 135 = Vin. II, 190.

—aṭṭhi(ka)(=ūruṭṭhi) the thigh bone M. I, 58; III, 92; J. I, 428 (ūraṭṭhika); KhA 49, 50 (ūraṭṭhi). —(k)khambha stiffening or rigidity of the thigh, paralysis of the leg (as symptom of fright) M. I, 237; J. V, 23. (Page 159)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ūrū (ऊरू).—m f S The thigh.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ūru (ऊरु).—m f The thigh.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uru (उरु).—a. [urṇu-ku nulopo hrasvaśca Uṇ.1.31] (-ru-rvī f.; compar. varīyas; super. variṣṭha)

1) Wide, spacious.

2) Great, large; जातःकुले तस्य किलोरुकीर्तिः (jātaḥkule tasya kilorukīrtiḥ) R.6.74.

3) Excessive, much, abundant; धनान्युरूणि (dhanānyurūṇi) Śi.3.76.

4) Excellent, precious, valuable. n. Ved. Wide space, space or room. ind. Far, far off (Ved.).

--- OR ---

Ūru (ऊरु).—m. [ūrṇu-karmaṇi ku nulopaśca Uṇ.1.3]

1) The thigh; ऊरू तदस्य यद्वैश्यः (ūrū tadasya yadvaiśyaḥ) Rv.1.9.12; Ms.1.31,87; R. 12.88; (at the end of fem. compounds the form is °ruḥ or °rūḥ, but more usually the latter; rambhorūḥ, vāmorūḥ karabhoru Voc.).

Derivable forms: ūruḥ (ऊरुः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 157 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ūrustambha (ऊरुस्तम्भ) refers to “stiffness in thigh muscles”. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), alt...
Uruṣā (उरुषा).—a. granting much, or granting wide or free scope; महीमस्मभ्यमुरुषामुरु ज्रयो (ma...
Urukrama (उरुक्रम).—Another name of Vāmana.
Urukṣaya (उरुक्षय).—a. having spacious dwellings. -yaḥ a spacious dwelling. उरुक्षयेषु दीद्यत् ...
Ūrūdvṛttā (ऊरूद्वृत्ता).—A type of earthly (bhaumī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructi...
Urugāya (उरुगाय).—a. 1) sung or praised by the great; Asvad.16. एष पन्था उरुगायः सुशेवः (eṣa pa...
Urūhasta (उरूहस्त) or simply Urū refers to “dignified” and represents one of the twenty-four ge...
Urugrāha (उरुग्राह).—Great restraint; उरुग्राहगृहीतानां गदां बिभ्रद् वृकोदरः (urugrāhagṛhītānāṃ...
Ūrvaṣṭhīvama (ऊर्वष्ठीवम).—[ūrū ca aṣṭhīvantau ca P.V.4.77] thigh and knee. Ūrvaṣṭhīvama is a S...
Urujanman (उरुजन्मन्).—a. nobly born; वह्नेरपां दग्धुरिवोरुजन्मा (vahnerapāṃ dagdhurivorujanmā)...
Urvaṅga (उर्वङ्ग).—1) a mountain. 2) the ocean. Derivable forms: urvaṅgaḥ (उर्वङ्गः).Urvaṅga is...
Urudhāra (उरुधार).—a. Ved. giving a broad stream (of milk, as a cow). Urudhāra is a Sanskrit co...
Urusvana (उरुस्वन).—a. having a loud voice, stentorian. Urusvana is a Sanskrit compound consist...
Ūruphalaka (ऊरुफलक).—the thigh-bone, hip-bone; Y.3.87. Derivable forms: ūruphalakam (ऊरुफलकम्)....
Śaphru (शफ्रु).—f. a woman having thighs resembling the two divisions of a cow's hoof; see P. I...

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