Uru, aka: Ūru; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Uru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Uru in Shilpashastra glossaries]

According to the Matsya Purāṇa, Ūru (thigh) from pubis to knee is 24 aṅgulas.

(Source): Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Uru (उरु) refers to “held at thigh; dignified” and represents one of the thirty-two mudrās (hand gestures) of the single-hand type, commonly used by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—This form is similar to the above hasta;the hand is placed on the thigh.

(Source): Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana

[Uru in Purana glossaries]

Ūru (ऊरु).—A son born to Manu Cākṣuṣa by his wife Naḍvalā. Ūru had nine brothers named Pūru, Śatadyumna, Tapasvī, Satyavāk, Kavi, Agniṣṭhu, Atirātra, Sudyumna and Atimanyu. Six great sons were born to Ūru by his wife Ātreyī. They were Aṅga, Sumanas, Svāti, Kratu, Aṅgiras and Gaya. Vena was born to King Aṅga by his wife Sunīthā and the famous emperor Pṛthu was born as the son of Vena. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 18).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Uru (उरु).—A son of Bhautya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 114.

2a) Ūru (ऊरु).—A son of Cākṣuṣa Manu; wife Āgneyī; father of six sons.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 79, 106-8; Matsya-purāṇa 4. 41-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 67, 91, 92; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 1. 29.

2b) A son of Bhauma Manu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 45.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Uru in Natyashastra glossaries]

Ūru (ऊरु) refers to the “thigh”, “shank”, etc. It is one of the parts of the human body with which gestures (āṅgika) are performaned, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 10.

There are five movements of the thighs (ūru) defined:

  1. kampana (shaking),
  2. valana (turning),
  3. stambhana (motionlessness),
  4. udvartana (springing up),
  5. vivartana (turning round).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Uru in Pali glossaries]

uru : (adj.) large; wide; eminent. || ūru (m.), the thigh.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Uru, (adj.) (cp. Av. ravah space; Gr. eu)rus wide; Lat. rūs free or wide space, field; Idg. *ru, *uer wide, to which also Goth. rūms space = Ags. rūm, E. room, Ger. raum) wide, large; excellent, eminent J. V, 89; Miln. 354; Sdhp. 345, 592.—pl. urū sands, soil J. V, 303. (Page 155)

— or —

Ūru, (Vedic ūru; cp. Lat. vārus bow-legged, of Idg. *ǔā, to which also Ohg. wado = Ger. wade calf of leg) the thigh Sn. 610; Vin. II, 105 (in contrast with bāha); III, 106; J. I, 277; II, 275, 443; III, 82; V, 89, 155; Nd2 659 (so read for uru); Vv 6413; DA. I, 135 = Vin. II, 190.

—aṭṭhi(ka)(=ūruṭṭhi) the thigh bone M. I, 58; III, 92; J. I, 428 (ūraṭṭhika); KhA 49, 50 (ūraṭṭhi). —(k)khambha stiffening or rigidity of the thigh, paralysis of the leg (as symptom of fright) M. I, 237; J. V, 23. (Page 159)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Uru in Marathi glossaries]

ūrū (ऊरू).—m f S The thigh.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ūru (ऊरु).—m f The thigh.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Uru in Sanskrit glossaries]

Uru (उरु).—a. [urṇu-ku nulopo hrasvaśca Uṇ.1.31] (-ru-rvī f.; compar. varīyas; super. variṣṭha)

1) Wide, spacious.

2) Great, large; जातःकुले तस्य किलोरुकीर्तिः (jātaḥkule tasya kilorukīrtiḥ) R.6.74.

3) Excessive, much, abundant; धनान्युरूणि (dhanānyurūṇi) Śi.3.76.

4) Excellent, precious, valuable. n. Ved. Wide space, space or room. ind. Far, far off (Ved.).

--- OR ---

Ūru (ऊरु).—m. [ūrṇu-karmaṇi ku nulopaśca Uṇ.1.3]

1) The thigh; ऊरू तदस्य यद्वैश्यः (ūrū tadasya yadvaiśyaḥ) Rv.1.9.12; Ms.1.31,87; R. 12.88; (at the end of fem. compounds the form is °ruḥ or °rūḥ, but more usually the latter; rambhorūḥ, vāmorūḥ karabhoru Voc.).

Derivable forms: ūruḥ (ऊरुः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Urustambha
Ūrustambha (ऊरुस्तम्भ) refers to “stiffness in thigh muscles”. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), alt...
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Urugrāha (उरुग्राह).—Great restraint; उरुग्राहगृहीतानां गदां बिभ्रद् वृकोदरः (urugrāhagṛhītānāṃ...
Urvashthivama
Ūrvaṣṭhīvama (ऊर्वष्ठीवम).—[ūrū ca aṣṭhīvantau ca P.V.4.77] thigh and knee. Ūrvaṣṭhīvama is a S...
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Ūruja (ऊरुज).—a. sprung from the thigh. -m. a Vaiśya. Ūruja is a Sanskrit compound consisting o...
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Ūruskambha (ऊरुस्कम्भ).—paralysis of the lower extremities, rheumatism of the thigh. करिणीवोरुस...
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