Jalacakra, Jala-cakra: 5 definitions


Jalacakra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jalachakra.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Jalacakra (जलचक्र) or Udakacakra refers to the “water circle” positioned in the saṃbhoga-puṭa or ‘enjoyment layer’ of the Herukamaṇḍala: a large-scale and elaborate maṇḍala of Heruka, consisting of 986 deities, as found in the Ḍākārṇava chapter 15.—The Herukamaṇḍala consists of four layers (puṭa) consisting of concentric circles (cakra, totally one lotus at the center and 12 concentric circles, that is, 13 circles in total).

The jalacakra contains 36 pairs of Ḍākinī and Hero, collectively called water Heruka (dravaheruka):

  1. Makarī & Makara,
  2. Kūrmī & Kūrma,
  3. Macchā & Maccha,
  4. Viṅgī & Viṅgi,
  5. Kacchapī & Kacchapa,
  6. Oḍḍikā & Oḍḍika,
  7. Sūcī & Sūci,
  8. Gaggarī & Gaggari,
  9. Mīlī & Mīli,
  10. Jalaguhī & Jalaguha,
  11. Kīṭīmukhā & Kīṭīmukha,
  12. Phaṭiṅgī & Phaṭiṅga,
  13. Karkaṭī & Karkaṭa,
  14. Mūyī & Mūyi,
  15. Maṣikā & Maṣika,
  16. Pippaṭīmukhā & Pippaṭīmukha,
  17. Jalanārī & Jalanāra,
  18. Vaṭavī & Vaṭava,
  19. Dantinī & Dantin,
  20. Vyāghrī & Vyāghra,
  21. Jambukī & Jambuka,
  22. Jalāhī & Jalāhi,
  23. Śaṅkhā & Śaṅkha,
  24. Kapardī & Kaparda,
  25. Muktikī & Mukti,
  26. Maṇī & Maṇi,
  27. Jiṅgurī & Jiṅguri,
  28. Līsī & Līsi,
  29. Durdurī & Durduri,
  30. Karṇāṭī & Karṇāṭti,
  31. Phāṭakī & Phāṭaka,
  32. Dāvakī & Dāvaka,
  33. Kṛmī & Kṛmi,
  34. Juṣujuṣī & Juṣujuṣi,
  35. Daṃśakī & Daṃśaka,
  36. Kalā & Kala,

They are white in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife..

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Jalacakra (जलचक्र) or Udakacakra refers to the “water circle”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, [while explaining the water-circle (jalacakra)]: “[...] Now, outside that, I explain the Water Circle (jalacakra), [which has] great supernatural power. He should visualize the yoginīs in sequence on the white-colored thirty-six spokes—[...] [They are] female leaders of gods and are eminent. Born of their specific clans, [the Yoginīs] have the appearances colored in this way be unexcelled, and to live in the seventh continent. [Their] weapons are as before. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of jalacakra in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jalacakra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jalacakra (जलचक्र):—[=jala-cakra] [from jala] n. Name of a mythic region, [Vīracarita xxiv.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Jalacakra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of jalacakra in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jalacakra in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jalacakra (ಜಲಚಕ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the natural, incessant cycle of water, evaporating from the earth’s surface, forming into clouds, falling to earth in drops, flowing as streams, rivers and joining the ocean; the cycle of water.

2) [noun] any of various small watercraft that are moved by working pedals or treadles.

3) [noun] a turbine driven by the impulse of stream, water falling from a height, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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