Pada, Pāda, Padakane: 41 definitions



Pada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Paad.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

According to the Matsya Purāṇa, Pāda (foot) is 4 aṅgulas.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

The Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa mentions ‘Pāda’ also as a measure of length.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

1) Pada (पद) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra.

2) Pāda (पाद) is another name (synonym) for stambha, a Sanskrit technical term referring to “pillar”. These synonyms are defined in texts such as Mayamata (verse 15.2), Mānasāra (verse 15.2-3), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.2) and Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (Kriya, verses 31.19-20).

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Pāda (पाद).—A type of moulding common to both the prastara (parapet) and adhiṣṭhana (plinth);—Pāda (literally ‘foot’ or ‘leg’) is the Sanskrit term for the pilasters (images of posts) in the wall of a tala, and by extension may be used to signify the wall zone. (The ‘wall’ of the parapet pavilions, is the grīvā)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Pāda (पाद) refers to “- 1. pillar, level of pillars §§ 3.15-18. - 2. amount of a door or an arcade §§ 3.26, 28, 38, 45; 4.6.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Pāda (पाद) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “feet”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called gantavya (that which is walked upon) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is mṛtyu. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the feet (pāda), in gantavya, in mṛtyu, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1a) Pāda (पाद) refers to “feet”. It is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

There are five kinds of “movements of the feet (pāda)” defined:

  1. udghaṭṭita,
  2. sama,
  3. agratalasañcara,
  4. añcita,
  5. kuñcita.

1b) Pāda (पाद) refers to a “foot”, or a “quarter” of a verse, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15.

2) Pada (पद) refers to “inflected words” in Sanskrit grammar, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. These padas are of two kinds:

  1. padas used loosely in prose (not schematically combined).
  2. padas used metrically (schematically combined syllables).

2b) Pada (पद) refers to the “verbal theme” in musical performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. The verbal theme (pada) is of two kinds: composed (nibaddha) and improvised (anibaddha, lit. not composed).

Aspects of pada (verbal theme): Consonants (vyañjanāni), vowels (svara), euphonic combinations (sandhi), case-endings (vibhakti), nouns (nāma), verbs (ākhyāta), prefixes (upasarga), particles (nipāta), secondary suffixes (taddhita), and syllabic and moric metres always relate to the verbal themes of music (pada).

3) Pada according to verse Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“The vastu of the gāndharva which I have spoken of as consisting of notes, tāla and words, will be called pada when it will reflect notes and tālas. All that is made up of syllables, is called the pada It is of two kinds according as it is regularly composed (nibaddha) or not so composed (a-nibaddha). It is again of two kinds: conforming to no time-measure (a-tāla) and conforming to a time-measure (sa-tāla). For the purpose of the dhruvā, it is to conform to a time-measure and is to be regularly composed.”

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Pāda (पाद).—A verse in Sanskrit is of four feet or quarters or pādas. Each pāda is regulated either by a number of syllables (akṣaras) or by a number of syllabic instant or measures (mātrās). The metres regulated by akṣaras are called vṛttas and those regulated by mātrās are called jātis. A vṛtta is divided into three classes viz. samavṛtta, ardhasamavṛtta, and viṣamavṛtta. Again, yati or pause or caesura is a part of a verse, at which the reader is required to stop his breath and then proceed on.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Pāda (पाद, “feet”) refers to one of the seven “major limbs” (aṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Aṅgas or major limbs include the head, hands, chest, sides, waist, and feet (viz., Pāda); at times the neck is also used as a separate limb.

Pāda refers to the “movements of the feet” according to the Abhinayadarpaṇa and they are termed as:—

  1. maṇḍala (the various postures of the feet),
  2. utplavana (the leaping movements),
  3. bhramari (the circling movements),
  4. pādacāri (the moving movements).
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Pāda (पाद) is the tradition (ovallī) founded by Citranātha, who was one of the twelve princes born to Kuṃkumā, consort to Mīnanātha, who is the incarnation of Siddhanātha in the fourth yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas. Citranātha was one of the six princes having the authority to teach.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pada (पद) refers to one of the four states of consciousness (related to four yogic states), according to the Mālinīvijayottaratantra 2.36ff, Tantrāloka 10.227, Kubjikāmatatantra chapters 17-19, Manthānabhairavatantra Kumārikākhaṇḍa 19.6ff, 44.5-8 and Kulapañcāśikā 1.8ff.—[...] We do also find profound expositions of the states of waking, dreaming and deep sleep along with Fourth state beyond them in the work of Kashmiri Śaiva exegetes. This was probably because the early Kashmiri Śaivites were influenced by the Upaniṣads and philosophical reflections (initiated originally by Buddhists) concerning the relationship between thought and consciousness and so, by extension, with its states. By the time we reach Abhinavagupta, Kashmiri Śaivism crystallizes in his work as the highest development of the Trika school. At the scriptural level, this Tantric tradition reached its apogee in the compact and systematic Mālinīvijayottaratantra. Although known and respected by the redactors of the Kumārikākhaṇḍa, it was not, of course, rated as highly as it was by Abhinava, who took this, effectively, to be the main Trika Tantra. There the four states of consciousness [i.e., Pada] are related to four yogic states as we find commonly in Kaula Tantras of various schools, including those of the goddess Kubjikā.

Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta

Pada (पद) or Padādhvā refers to one of the six adhvans being purified during the Kriyāvatī-dīkṣā: an important Śākta ritual described Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.—“... Looking with the divine eye he transfers the caitanya of his disciple into himself and unites it with that of his own, thereby effecting a purification of the six adhvans namely: kalā, tattva, bhavana, varṇa, pada, and mantra”.

The word adhvā means ‘path’, and when the above six adhvans (viz. pada) are purified they lead to Brahman-experience. Dīkṣā is one of the most important rituals of the Śāktas and so called because it imparts divine knowledge and destroys evil.

Padas are words formed by the combination of letters.

Source: The Śāradātilakatantra on Yoga

Pada (पद) represents one of the four stages of creation corresponding to the Anāhata-cakra, and is explained in terms of kuṇḍalinī by Lakṣmaṇadeśika in his 11th-century Śaradātilaka verse 25.62.—“The ‘solid mass’ (piṇḍa) is doubtlessly the kuṇḍalinī, equivalent to Śiva; the “position” (pada), on the other hand, is doubtlessly the haṃsaḥ, the inner Self of all. The “form” (rūpa) is doubtlessly the bindu of infinite lustre; the blissful union (sāmarasya) with Śiva is “form transcended” (atītarūpa)”.

Note: The terms piṇḍa, pada, rūpa and rūpātīta refer to four stages of creation. These four are also said to correspond to four Cakras: piṇḍa to mūlādhāra, pada to anāhata, rūpa to ājñā and rūpātīta to sahasrāra.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pada (पद).—A word; a unit forming a part of a sentence; a unit made up of a letter or of letters, possessed of sense; cf. अक्षरसमुदायः पदम् । अक्षरं वा । (akṣarasamudāyaḥ padam | akṣaraṃ vā |) V.Pr. VIII. 46, 47. The word originally was applied to the individual words which constituted the Vedic Samhitā; cf. पदप्रकृतिः संहिता (padaprakṛtiḥ saṃhitā) Nir.I.17. Accordingly, it is defined in the Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya as ' अर्थः पदम् (arthaḥ padam) ' (V. Pr. III. 2) as contrasted with ' वर्णानामेकप्राणयोगः संहिता (varṇānāmekaprāṇayogaḥ saṃhitā) ' (V.Pr.I.158). The definition ' अर्थः पदम् (arthaḥ padam) ' is attributed to the ancient grammarian 'Indra', who is believed to have been the first Grammarian of India. Pāņini has defined the term पद (pada) as ' सुप्तिङन्तं पदम् (suptiṅantaṃ padam) ' P.I.4.14. His definition is applicable to complete noun-forms and verb-forms and also to prefixes and indeclinables where a caseaffix is placed and elided according to him; cf. अव्ययादाप्सुपः (avyayādāpsupaḥ) P. II. 4. 82. The noun-bases before case affixes and tad. affixes, mentioned in rules upto the end of the fifth adhyāya, which begin with a consonant excepting य् (y) are also termed पद (pada) by Pāņini to include parts of words before the case affixes भ्याम्, भिस्, सु (bhyām, bhis, su) etc. as also before the tad. affixes मत्, वत् (mat, vat) etc. which are given as separate padas many times in the pada-pātha of the Vedas; cf. स्वादि-ष्वसर्वनामस्थाने (svādi-ṣvasarvanāmasthāne) P. I. 4. 17. See for details the word पदपाठ (padapāṭha). There are given four kinds of padas or words viz. नाम, आख्यात, उपसर्ग (nāma, ākhyāta, upasarga) and निपात (nipāta) in the Nirukta and Prātiśākhya works; cf. also पदमर्थे प्रयुज्यते, विभक्त्यन्तं च पदम् (padamarthe prayujyate, vibhaktyantaṃ ca padam) M. Bh. on P. I. 2. 64 Vārt. 19, वर्णसमुदायः पदम् (varṇasamudāyaḥ padam) M.Bh. on I.1.21 Vārt. 5, पूर्वपरयोरर्थोपलब्धौ पदम् (pūrvaparayorarthopalabdhau padam) Kāt. I.1.20, पदशब्देनार्थ उच्यते (padaśabdenārtha ucyate) Kaiyata on P.I.2.42 Vārt. 2; cf. also पद्यते गम्यते अर्थः अनेनेति पदमित्यन्वर्थसंज्ञा (padyate gamyate arthaḥ aneneti padamityanvarthasaṃjñā) Nyāsa on P.III. 1.92. The verb endings or affixs ति, तस् (ti, tas) and others are also called पद (pada). The word पद (pada) in this sense is never used alone, but with the word परस्मै (parasmai) or आत्मने (ātmane) preceding it. The term परस्मैपद (parasmaipada) stands for the nine affixes तिप्, तस् (tip, tas), ...मस् (mas),while the term आत्मनेपद (ātmanepada) stands for the nine affixes त, आताम् (ta, ātām) ... महिङ् (mahiṅ). cf. लः परमैपदम्, तङानावात्मनेपदम् (laḥ paramaipadam, taṅānāvātmanepadam). It is possible to say that in the terms परस्मैपद (parasmaipada) and आत्मनेपद (ātmanepada) also, the term पद (pada) could be taken to mean a word, and it is very likely that the words परस्मैपद (parasmaipada) and आत्मनेपद (ātmanepada) were originally used in the sense of 'words referring to something meant for another' and 'referring to something meant for self' respectively. Such words, of course, referred to verbal forms, roughly corresponding to the verbs in the active voice and verbs in the passive voice. There are some modern scholars of grammar, especially linguists, who like to translate परस्मैपद (parasmaipada) as 'active voice' and आत्मनेपद (ātmanepada) as ' passive voice'. Pāņini appears, however, to have adapted the sense of the terms परस्मैपद (parasmaipada) and आत्मनेपद (ātmanepada) and taken them to mean mere affixes just as he has done in the case of the terms कृत् (kṛt) and तद्धित (taddhita). Presumably in ancient times, words current in use were grouped into four classes by the authors of the Nirukta works, viz. (a) कृत् (kṛt) (words derived from roots)such as कर्ता, कारकः, भवनम् (kartā, kārakaḥ, bhavanam) etc., (b) तद्धित (taddhita) (words derived from nouns) such as गार्ग्यः, काषायम् (gārgyaḥ, kāṣāyam), etc., (c) Parasmaipada words viz. verbs such as भवति, पचति (bhavati, pacati), and (d) Ātmanepada words i.e. verbs like एधते, वर्धते (edhate, vardhate), etc.Verbs करोति (karoti) and कुरुते (kurute) or हरति (harati) and हरते (harate) were looked upon as both परस्मैपद (parasmaipada) words and आत्मनेपद (ātmanepada) words. The question of simple words, as they are called by the followers of Pāņini, such as नर, तद्, गो, अश्व (nara, tad, go, aśva), and a number of similar underived words, did not occur to the authors of the Nirukta as they believed that every noun was derivable, and hence could be included in the kŗt words.

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Pāda (पाद).—lit. foot; the term is applied to a fourth part of a section such as अध्याय (adhyāya), or of a verse which is divisible into four parts or lines; cf प्रकृत्यान्तःपादमव्यपरे (prakṛtyāntaḥpādamavyapare) P. VI.1.115, also गोः पादान्ते (goḥ pādānte) P. VII. 1.57.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (vyakarana)

Pada (पद) refers to “inflected words” according to Pāṇini (7th century BCE) in his works Aṣṭādhyāyī dealing with vyākaraṇa (grammar): the science of analysis of sentences and words. Indian grammar analyzes language as a structure of five levels. The third level is of pada. Formation of pada from śabda (the third level) is in the scope of grammar. A pada is formed by a conjunction of prakṛti (base) and pratyaya (affix). Word formation includes derivation. All padas are divided into two sets: those that are like nouns and those are like verbs. From verbs nouns can be formed and from nouns verbs can be formed with the help of affixes that are called in grammar derivational affixes

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Pāda (पाद) is one of the general characteristics of the Vedic Metres (chandas).—The Vedic Metres are calculated by syllables (akṣaras). Each pāda is made of a specific number of syllables. A syllable is a vowel or a vowel with consonant or with anusvāra. A pāda may consist of different numbers of syllables viz. five, six, seven, eight, ten, eleven, or twenty syllables. According to this principle, a word is not found to be split.

Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables. But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas. A stanza may consist of two, three, four, five, six, seven or eight pādas. Sometimes in a stanza all the pādas are metrically identical i.e. have equal number of syllables.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Pāda (पाद).—1. A quarter-verse; (lit., foot.) 2. Ascending Node. Note: Pāda is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Pāda (पाद, “section”).—The Pāñcarātra system of thought consists of four parts (pādas, sections) which are known as

  1. Jñāna,
  2. Kriyā,
  3. Caryā,
  4. Yoga.

With Jñāna is meant the philosophical structure of its belief system, with Kriyā the canons and principles governing the construction of the icons of its deities and other religious as well as non-religious buildings. Caryā is the detailed description of the ritual of daily Pūjā ceremony as well as of periodical festivals, whereas Yoga describes not only certain Yogic practices like Prāṇāyāma and dhyāna etc. used in Pūjā ceremony but also the method of merging individual consciousness into the Supreme consciousness in the state of complete meditation (samādhi).

The best description of all these four aspects of Pāñcarātra is found in the Padma-saṃhitā, a simplified elaboration of the Jayākhya-saṃhitā.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

1) Pada (पद) is a synonym for Deśa (“region”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands [viz., Pada], soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

2) Pādā (पादा) refers to the “hills” at the foot of mountains (śaila) according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) verse 15-16.

3) Pāda (पाद) refers to the “root” of a tree, as mentioned in a list of five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) verse 27.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pāda (पाद):—Lower extremity, foot. One of the Karmendriyas.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Pada (पद) refers to “(1) Line of Sanskrit verse (2) abode (3) a foot (4) that which gives evidence in establishing the Supreme Lord”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The metrical unit of verse is the pāda ("foot", "quarter"), generally of eight, eleven, or twelve syllables; these are termed gayatri, tristubh and jagati respectively, after meters of the same name.

India history and geography

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Pada (पद) is a word denoting a ‘village’ or ‘hamlet’ and can be seen as a synonym for grāma, often used in inscriptions.—Terms such as pada are in many cases, associated with the names of the villages so as to become the ending part of the different place-names. Inscriptions throw light on the location of the villages in different ways. Firstly, they communicate us an idea about the country, the division and the sub-division to which these villages belonged. Secondly, the inscriptions provide information regarding theboundaries of the donated villages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pada.—(EI 33), share; quarter of the standard land measure. (EI 4, 9; IA 17), a share. (EI 21), a land-measure; cf. paḍa (paṭa) in Sel. Ins. p. 408. Cf. sv-āṅgabhoga-pada (LP), ‘under the head of personal expenditure’. (LL; ML), foot-print. Note: pada is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pāda.—(IE 8-6), same as Kannaḍa hāda; ‘one-fourth’; a measure equal to one-fourth of the standard land measure. Cf. poā (EI 19), literally, ‘one-fourth’; name of a land measure. Cf. sa-pādika (LP), ‘with one-fourth in addition’. (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIII, p. 248), foot-print, foot-mark. Note: pāda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Paḍā or Pāḍā.—(IE 8-4), corrupt forms of pāṭaka, ‘part of a village’; often suffixed to the names of localities. Note: paḍā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pada : (nt.) foot; foot-step; a word; position; place; reason; cause; a line of stanza; the final rest. || pāda (m.; nt.) the foot; leg; a base; one-fourth of any measure or of a stanza.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pada, (nt.) (Ved. pad, pād (m.) foot, and also pāda; pada (nt.) step. Cp. Gr. pwζ (pouζ)=Lat. pēs, Goth. fōtus =Ohg fuoz=E. foot; further Arm. het track, Gr. pedά after, pέdon field, pezόs on foot, etc.; Lith. péda track; Ags. fetvan=E. fetch.—The decl. in Pāli is vocalic (a), viz. pada; a trace of the consonant (root) decl. is Instr. sg. padā (Th. 1, 457; Sn. 768), of cons. (s) decl. Instr. padasā with the foot, on foot (D. I, 107; J. III, 371; DhA. I, 391).—Gender is nt. , but Nom. pl. is frequently found as padā, e.g. at Dh. 273; Nett 192 (mūla°)) 1. foot Dh. 273=SnA 366 (? saccānaṃ caturo padā); DA. I, 85; usually —°, like hatthipadaṃ elephant’s foot M. I, 176, 184; S. I, 86; V, 43, 231; and with numerals dvi° & di°, catup°, aṭṭha° (q. v.). In aṭṭha° also meaning “square of a chessboard. ” — 2. step, footstep, track Dh. 179 (of a Buddha, cp. DhA. III, 194 & 197) J. I, 170 (footmark) II. 154; in redupl. -iterative formation padāpadaṃ step by step Sn. 446 (v. l. padânupadaṃ), and pade padaṃ Sn. p. 107 (cp. SnA 451).—3. (Often synonymous with °patha i.e. way, kind, & sometimes untranslatable) (a) lit. way, path, position, place Vin. II, 217 (nakkhatta° constellation); J. I, 315 (assama° =assama); V, 75 (id.), 321 (id.); VI, 76 (id.); VI, 180 (v. l. patha; C. mahāmagga); mantapada=manta D. I, 104 (cp. DA. I, 273). See also janapada, saggapada.—(b) in applied meaning (modal): case, lot, principle, part, constituent, characteristic, ingredient, item, thing, element M. I, 176 (cattāri padāni 4 characteristics); S. I, 7 (pade pade “now in this thing, now in that” C. ārammaṇe ārammaṇe), 212 (amataṃ p. =nibbāna); II, 280 (id.); A. II, 51 (id.), It. 39 (p. asaṅkhataṃ=nibbāna); Sn. 88 (dhammapade sudesite; explained as nibbānadhamma SnA 164; dhammapada=Dhamma), ibid. (anavajja-padāni sevamāna=principles), 700 (moneyyaṃ uttamaṃ padaṃ, thing; but SnA 491 explains as uttama-paṭipadaṃ), 765; Dh. 21, 93, 114 (amataṃ), 254, 368 (santaṃ=nibbānass’etaṃ nāmaṃ, santakoṭṭhāsaṃ DhA. IV, 108); Pv IV. 348 (amataṃ); Nett 2= 192 (nava padāni kusalāni); SnA 397 (nāmādi p.); Sdhp. 47 (accutaṃ santaṃ p.), 615 (paramaṃ). See further dhamma°, nibbāna°, santi°, sikkhā°.—4. a word, verse (or a quarter of a verse), stanza, line, sentence S. II, 36 (ekena padena sabbo attho vutto); S. IV, 379=A. V, 320 (agga°); A. II, 182 (+vyañjana & desanā); 189 (attha° text, motto); III, 356 (id.); Sn. 252 (=dhamma-desanā SnA 293), 374; Dh. 273; J. I, 72 (atireka-pada-satena); Nett 4 (akkharaṃ padaṃ vyañjanaṃ, cp. nāmādīhi padehi at SnA 397, which is to be understood as nāma, pada & vyañjana, i.e. word, sentence & letter, cp. Mvyutp. 104, 74—76); Miln. 148 (āhacca°); KhA 169; SnA 409 (ubhaya°), 444; VvA. 3, 13; PvA. 10, 26, 117 (word, term). Abl. padaso (adv.) sentence by stce or word by word Vin. IV, 14 (dhammaṃ vāceti=anupadaṃ C.; cp. KhA 190 p. °dhamma). At MA. I, 2 pada (sentence or division of a sentence) is contrasted with akkhara (word), when it is said that the Majjhima Nikāya consists of 80, 523 padas and 740, 053 akkharas.—Neg. apada (1) without feet, footless A. IV, 434 (Māra; v. l. apara); It. 87 (sattā, + dvipada etc.).—(2) trackless, leaving no footprint, fig. having no desires (i.e. signs of worldliness) Dh. 179 (rāga, etc., as padāni DhA. III, 197, but cp. also p. 194.)

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Pāda, (Vedic pāda, see etym. under pada) 1. the foot, usually pl. pādā both feet, e.g. Vin. I, 9, 34, 188; It. 111; Sn. 309, 547, 768, 835, 1028; J. II, 114; IV, 137; DhA. III, 196; PvA. 4, 10, 40, 68; VvA. 105. In sg. scarce, and then specified as eka° & dutiya°, e.g. at Nd2 304III; J. VI, 354.—2. foot or base of a mountain Vism. 399 (Sineru°); DhA. I, 108 (pabbata°).—3. the fourth part (“foot”) of a verse (cp. pada 4) SnA 239, 273, 343, 363; ThA. 23.—4. a coin Vin. III, 47; VvA. 77 (worth here 1/4 of a kahāpaṇa and double the value of māsaka; see also kākaṇikā).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paḍa (पड).—f (paḍaṇēṃ) The sinking and sitting (of a bullock &c.) in refusing the load. Hence a declining or refusing; a withholding of one's powers (in argument, fight &c.); a sitting still, composed, contented: in opp. to ucambaḷa, under which see ucambaḷa khāṇēṃ. v khā, ghē, patakara. 2 Mangoes fallen: as opp. to mangoes ripened in straw. 3 Fallow grounds. 4 A falling sick (of numerous persons): a becoming desolate (of several villages); or neglected and fallow (of much land). v paḍa. 5 A run of ill luck (at cards). v lāga. 6 m A pocket, partition, division, shelf, drawer &c. of a housewife or bag having many pockets; of a box; of a succession of shelves or drawers. 7 (para Beyond. ) Prefixed to certain names and titles it expresses subordinacy. Ex. paḍacākara An inferior servant, an underling, a mate; paḍaśiṣya A pupil of a pupil; paḍalaṅkā Thither or farther Lanka (the city of the brother of rāvaṇa) mentioned in affirming superiority in traveling to some boaster. Ex. tvāṃ laṅkā pāhilīsa tara kāya jhālēṃ myāṃ paḍalaṅkā pāhilī. Other such formations, as paḍakōṭa, paḍajībha, paḍasāḷa, paḍasākṣa &c. will occur in order. 8 m A strand or single string (of a rope &c.): also a rope of one strand; yarn rolled together. 9 W A quantity of two sher (of grain). Restrictedly used, Ex. paḍī uṇē dāhā śēra. paḍīcāāmbā A fallenmango (whetherripe or green). paḍīṃ paḍaṇēṃ To fall amongst the fallen; to become extinct, forgotten, cast away, disused, lost &c.: also to fall under stoppage or obstruction.

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pada (पद).—n (S) A foot. 2 A footstep or footprint; mark of a foot. 3 An office or a post; a rank or station. 4 A word. 5 An inflected word. 6 A variety of metrical composition. Used in hymns or anthems. 7 The fourth of a circle, a quadrant. 8 Place, site, spot. 9 A lot or quantity of articles (cloth, shoes, trinkets, pots, chhatri &c.) given at obsequies to each of a number of Brahmans, according to the ability of him ordering the rite. 10 In arithmetic &c. The number of the terms of a series. 11 A factor or term. 12 The square root. In combination with a word prefixed pada is the root of the number thus designated; as ghanapada Cube root.

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pāḍa (पाड).—m (paḍaṇēṃ) Market rate, price current. 2 fig. Estimation, weight, worth. Neg. con. Ex. tyācā pāḍa kitī; tyācā kāya pāḍa lāgalā āhē Who is he? who cares for him? tujhēnī pāḍēṃ tribhu- vanīṃ || vīra dusarā na disē kōṇhī. See equivalent words under kimata. 3 Ripeness and readiness to be gathered (of fruits gen. and of mangoes esp.) Ex. āmbyāṃlā pāḍa lāgalā. Pr. āmbē ālē pāḍāṃ nimbuṇī ālyā rasāṃ. 4 A mango that has attained this state, or that is fit to be plucked and ripened in straw. 5 Scaffolding.

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pāḍā (पाडा).—m A male calf. 2 A hamlet or a cluster of houses of agriculturists. 3 The gathering of tree-fruits. 4 A column of the multiplication table. 5 (paṭhana S) A class of letters (as arranged in the nāgarī alphabet). 6 fig. Detail or minutiæ of; lengthy account of or story about. v vāca. 7 A ward or quarter of a town. 8 A young tree or plant; a plantlet or sapling. Ex. pṛthvīvarīla tṛṇācē pāḍē || tyācīhī gaṇatī hōīla kōḍē ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paḍa (पड).—f The sinking and sitting (of a bullock &c.) in refusing the load. A declining or refusing. Mangoes fallen. Fallow grounds. A becoming desolate (of several villages). A run of ill luck (at cards). Prefixed to certain names and titles, it express- es subordination. Ex. paḍacākara An inferior servant. paḍaśiṣya A pupil of a pupil. paḍajībha, paḍasākṣa &c. paḍīcā āmbā A fallen mango (whether ripe or green). paḍīṃ paḍaṇēṃ To fall amongst the fallen; to become extinct, forgotten, cast away, disused, cast &c. also to fall under stoppage or obstruction.

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pada (पद).—n A foot. A footstep or footprint. An office or a post; a rank or station. A word. An inflected word. A variety of metrical composition. A factor or term. The square root. In combination with a word prefixed pada is the root of the number thus designated; as ghanapada Cube root.

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pāḍa (पाड).—m Market rate. Fig. Estimation, worth. Ex. tyācā kāya pāḍa lāgalā āhē Time of ripening. āmbyālā pāḍa lāgalā.

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pāḍā (पाडा).—m A male calf. A hamlet. A column of the multiplication table. pāḍā vācaṇēṃ To tell the particulars of; to detail minutely.

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pāda (पाद).—m A foot. Flatulence. A fourth or quarter. A foot of a śrlōka or quatrain. The quadrant of a circle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pada (पद).—[pad-ac]

1) A foot (said to be m. also in this sense); पदेन (padena) on foot; शिखरिषु पदं न्यस्य (śikhariṣu padaṃ nyasya) Me.13; अपथे पदमर्पयन्ति हि (apathe padamarpayanti hi) R.9.74 'set foot on (follow) a wrong road'; 3.5;12.52; पदं हि सर्वत्र गुणैर्निधीयते (padaṃ hi sarvatra guṇairnidhīyate) 3.62 'good qualities set foot everywhere' i. e. command notice or make themselves felt; जनपदे न गदः पदमादधौ (janapade na gadaḥ padamādadhau) 9.4. 'no disease stepped into the country'; यदवधि न पदं दधाति चित्ते (yadavadhi na padaṃ dadhāti citte) Bv.2.14; पदं कृ (padaṃ kṛ) (a) to set foot in, on or over (lit.); शान्ते करिष्यसि पदं पुनराश्रमेऽस्मिन् (śānte kariṣyasi padaṃ punarāśrame'smin) Ś.4.2. (b) to enter upon or into, take possession of, occupy (fig.); कृतं वपुषि नवयौवनेन पदम् (kṛtaṃ vapuṣi navayauvanena padam) K.137; कृतं हि मे कुतूहलेन प्रश्नाशया हृदि पदम् (kṛtaṃ hi me kutūhalena praśnāśayā hṛdi padam) 133; so Ku.5.21; Pt.1.24; कृत्वा पदं नो गले (kṛtvā padaṃ no gale) Mu.3.26 'in defiance of us'; (lit. planting his foot on our neck); मूर्ध्नि पदं कृ (mūrdhni padaṃ kṛ) 'to mount on the head of', 'to humble'; पदं मूर्ध्नि समाधत्ते केसरी मत्तदन्तिनः (padaṃ mūrdhni samādhatte kesarī mattadantinaḥ) Pt.1.327; आकृतिविशेषेष्वादरः पदं करोति (ākṛtiviśeṣeṣvādaraḥ padaṃ karoti) M.1 'good forms attract attention (command respect); जने सखी पदं कारिता (jane sakhī padaṃ kāritā) Ś.4; 'made to have dealings with (to confide in)'; धर्मेण शर्वे पार्वतीं प्रति पदं कारिते (dharmeṇa śarve pārvatīṃ prati padaṃ kārite) Ku.6.14.

2) A step, pace, stride; तन्वी स्थिता कतिचिदेव पदानि गत्वा (tanvī sthitā katicideva padāni gatvā) Ś.2.13; पदे पदे (pade pade) 'at every step'; अक्षमालामदत्त्वा पदात् पदमपि न गन्तव्यम् (akṣamālāmadattvā padāt padamapi na gantavyam) or चलितव्यम् (calitavyam) 'do not move even a step' &c.; पितुः पदं मध्यममुत्पतन्ती (pituḥ padaṃ madhyamamutpatantī) V.1.19 'the middle pace or stride of Viṣṇu.'; i. e. the sky (for mythologically speaking, the earth, sky, and lower world are considered as the three paces of Viṣṇu in his fifth or dwarf incarnation vāmanāvatāra); so अथात्मनः शब्दगुणं गुणज्ञः पदं विमानेन विगाहमानः (athātmanaḥ śabdaguṇaṃ guṇajñaḥ padaṃ vimānena vigāhamānaḥ) R.13.1.

3) A foot-step, footprint, foot-mark; पदपङ्क्तिः (padapaṅktiḥ) Ś.3.7; or पदावली (padāvalī) foot-prints; पदमनुविधेयं च महताम् (padamanuvidheyaṃ ca mahatām) Bh.2.28 'the foot-steps of the great must be followed'; पदैगृर्ह्यते चौरः (padaigṛrhyate cauraḥ) Y.2.286.

4) A trace, mark, impression, vestige; रतिवलयपदाङ्के चापमासज्य कण्ठे (rativalayapadāṅke cāpamāsajya kaṇṭhe) Ku.2.64; Me.37,98; M.3.

5) A place, position, station; अधोऽधः पदम् (adho'dhaḥ padam) Bh.2.1; आत्मा परिश्रमस्य पदमुपनीतः (ātmā pariśramasya padamupanītaḥ) Ś.1, 'brought to the point of or exposed to trouble'; तदलब्धपदं हृदि शोकघने (tadalabdhapadaṃ hṛdi śokaghane) R.8.91, 'found no place in (left no impression on) the heart'; अपदे शङ्कितोऽस्मि (apade śaṅkito'smi) M.1, 'my doubts were out of place', i. e. groundless; कृशकुटुम्बेषु लोभः पदमधत्त (kṛśakuṭumbeṣu lobhaḥ padamadhatta) Dk.162; Ku.6.72;3.4; R.2.5;9.82; कृतपदं स्तनयुगलम् (kṛtapadaṃ stanayugalam) U.6.35, 'brought into relief or bursting forth'.

6) Dignity, rank, office, station or position; भगवत्या प्रश्निकपदमध्यासितव्यम् (bhagavatyā praśnikapadamadhyāsitavyam) M.1; यान्त्येवं गृहिणीपदं युवतयः (yāntyevaṃ gṛhiṇīpadaṃ yuvatayaḥ) Ś.4.18, 'attain to the rank or position, &c.; स्थिता गृहिणीपदे (sthitā gṛhiṇīpade) 4.19; so सचिव°, राज° (saciva°, rāja°) &c.

7) Cause, subject, occasion, thing, matter, business, affair; व्यवहारपदं हि तत् (vyavahārapadaṃ hi tat) Y.2.5; 'occasion or matter of dispute, title of law, judicial proceeding'; Ms.8.7; सतां हि सन्देहपदेषु वस्तुषु (satāṃ hi sandehapadeṣu vastuṣu) Ś.1.22; वाञ्छितफलप्राप्तेः पदम् (vāñchitaphalaprāpteḥ padam) Ratn.1.6.

8) Abode, object, receptacle; पदं दृशः स्याः कथमीश मादृशाम् (padaṃ dṛśaḥ syāḥ kathamīśa mādṛśām) Śi.1.37; 15.22; अगरीयान्न पदं नृपश्रियः (agarīyānna padaṃ nṛpaśriyaḥ) Ki.2.14; अविवेकः परमापदां पदम् (avivekaḥ paramāpadāṃ padam) 2.3; के वा न स्युः परिभवपदं निष्फलारम्भयत्नाः (ke vā na syuḥ paribhavapadaṃ niṣphalārambhayatnāḥ) Me.56; संपदः पदमापदाम् (saṃpadaḥ padamāpadām) H.4.65.

9) A quarter or line of a stanza, verse; विरचितपदम् (viracitapadam) (geyam) Me.88,15; M.5.2; Ś.3.14.

10) A complete or inflected word; सुप्तिडन्तं पदम् (suptiḍantaṃ padam) P.I. 4.14. वर्णाः पदं प्रयोगार्हानन्वितैकार्थबोधकाः (varṇāḥ padaṃ prayogārhānanvitaikārthabodhakāḥ) S. D.9; R.8.77; Ku.4.9.

11) A name for the base of nouns before all consonantal case-terminations except nom. singular.

12) Detachment of the Vedic words from one another, separation of a Vedic text into its several constituent words; वेदैः साङ्गपदक्रमोपनिषदैर्गायन्ति यं सामगाः (vedaiḥ sāṅgapadakramopaniṣadairgāyanti yaṃ sāmagāḥ) Bhāg.12.13.1.

13) A pretext; अनिभृतपदपातमापपात प्रियमिति कोपपदेन कापि सख्या (anibhṛtapadapātamāpapāta priyamiti kopapadena kāpi sakhyā) Śi.7.14.

14) A sqare root.

15) A part, portion or division (as of a sentence); as त्रिपदा गायत्री (tripadā gāyatrī).

16) A measure of length.

17) Protection, preservation; ते विंशतिपदे यत्ताः संप्रहारं प्रचक्रिरे (te viṃśatipade yattāḥ saṃprahāraṃ pracakrire) Mb.7.36.13.

18) A square or house on a chessboard; अष्टापदपदालेख्यैः (aṣṭāpadapadālekhyaiḥ) Rām.

19) A quadrant.

20) The last of a series.

21) A plot of ground.

22) (In Arith.) Any one in a set of numbers the sum of which is required.

23) A coin; माता पुत्रः पिता भ्राता भार्या मित्रजनस्तथा । अष्टापदपदस्थाने दक्षमुद्रेव लक्ष्यते (mātā putraḥ pitā bhrātā bhāryā mitrajanastathā | aṣṭāpadapadasthāne dakṣamudreva lakṣyate) || Mb.12.298.4. (com. aṣṭāpadapadaṃ suvarṇakārṣāpaṇaḥ).

24) A way, road; षट्पदं नवसंख्यानं निवेशं चक्रिरे द्विजाः (ṣaṭpadaṃ navasaṃkhyānaṃ niveśaṃ cakrire dvijāḥ) Mb.14.64.1.

25) Retribution (phala); ईहोपरमयोर्नॄणां पदान्यध्यात्मचक्षुषा (īhoparamayornṝṇāṃ padānyadhyātmacakṣuṣā) Bhāg.7.13.2.

-daḥ A ray of light.

Derivable forms: padam (पदम्).

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Pāda (पाद).—[padyate gamyate'nena karaṇe karmaṇi vā ghañ]

1) The foot (whether of men or animals); तयोर्जगृहतुः पादान् (tayorjagṛhatuḥ pādān) R.1.57; पादयोर्निपत्य, पादपतित (pādayornipatya, pādapatita) &c. (The word pāda at the end of comp. is changed to pād after su and numerals; i. e. supād, dvipād, tripād &c.; and also when the first member is used as a standard of comparison, but is a word other than hasti &c.; see P.V.4.138-14; e. g. vyāghrapād. The nom. pl. of pāda is often added to names of persons or titles of address to show great respect or veneration; mṛṣyantu lavasya bāliśatāṃ tātapādāḥ U.6; jīvatsu tātapādeṣu 1.19; devapādānāṃ nāsmābhiḥ prayojanam Pt.1; so evamārādhyapādā ājñāpayanti Prab.1; so kumārilapādāḥ &c.

2) A ray of light; bālasyāpi raveḥ pādāḥ patantyupari bhūbhṛtām Pt.1.328; Śi.9.34; R.16.53 (where the word has sense 1 also).

3) The foot or leg of an inanimate object, as of a bed-stead; चतुष्पदी हि निःश्रेणी ब्रह्मण्येव प्रतिष्ठिता (catuṣpadī hi niḥśreṇī brahmaṇyeva pratiṣṭhitā) Mb.12.2.4.

4) The foot or root of a tree; as in पादप (pādapa).

5) The foot of a mountain, a hill at the foot of a mountain (pādāḥ pratyantaparvatāḥ); रेवां द्रक्ष्यस्युपलविषमे विन्ध्यपादे विशीर्णाम् (revāṃ drakṣyasyupalaviṣame vindhyapāde viśīrṇām) Me.19; Ś.6.17.

6) A quarter, fourth part; as in सपादो रूपकः (sapādo rūpakaḥ) 'one and one fourth rupee'; Ms.8.241; Y.2.174; कार्षापणे दीयमाने पादोऽपि दत्तो भवति (kārṣāpaṇe dīyamāne pādo'pi datto bhavati) ŚB. on MS.6.7.2.

7) The fourth part of a stanza, a line.

8) The fourth part of a chapter or book, as of the Adhyāyas of Pāṇini, or of the Brahma-sūtras.

9) A part in general.

10) A column, pillar; सहस्रपादं प्रासादं (sahasrapādaṃ prāsādaṃ)......अधिरोहन्मया दृष्टः (adhirohanmayā dṛṣṭaḥ) Mb.5.143.3.

11) A foot as a measure equal to twelve Aṅgulis.

12) The quadrant of a circle.

13) The foot-hole or bottom of a water-skin; इन्द्रियाणां तु सर्वेषां यद्येकं क्षरतीन्द्रियम् । तेनास्य क्षरति प्रज्ञा दृतेः पादादिवोदकम् (indriyāṇāṃ tu sarveṣāṃ yadyekaṃ kṣaratīndriyam | tenāsya kṣarati prajñā dṛteḥ pādādivodakam) || Ms.2.99.

14) A wheel; गिरिकूबरपादाक्षं शुभवेणु त्रिवेणुमत् (girikūbarapādākṣaṃ śubhaveṇu triveṇumat) Mb.3.175.4; Ki.12 21.

15) A golden coin (weighing one tola); स ह गवां सहस्रमव- रुरोध दश दश पादा एकैकस्याः शृङ्गयोराबद्धा बभुवुः (sa ha gavāṃ sahasramava- rurodha daśa daśa pādā ekaikasyāḥ śṛṅgayorābaddhā babhuvuḥ) Bṛ. Up.3.1.1.

Derivable forms: pādaḥ (पादः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pada (पद).—(= Pali id.), sentence, complete utterance, in contrast with nāman, word, and vyañjana, sound (same triad in Pali, [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] s.v. pada, 4): Mahāvyutpatti 1998 (-kāyaḥ), see s.v. kāya (2); defined Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. ii.238 as = vākya, a complete statement which makes sense; this may perhaps be the meaning in agra-pada; where the context contains no contrasting word for word, that common Sanskrit meaning of pada may ordinarily be assumed; see s.v. vyañjana for one or two such passages where pada is thus ambiguous (word or sentence).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pada (पद).—n.

(-daṃ) 1. A foot. 2. A footstep, the mark of a foot. 3. A word. 4. An inflected word. 5. A crude word. 6. A connected sentence. 7. Subject, thing, matter. 8. Preservation, defence 9. Industry, application. 10. Disguise. 11. Place, site 12. Rank, station, degree. 13. A mark, a spot. 14. A foot or rather line of a stanza. 15. A mode of writing the Vedas, in which the several words are detached from one another. 16. A business, an affair. 17. (In Arithmetic,) Any one of a set of numbers the sum of which is required, or the last of the series, a square-root. 18. To occupy. 19. Step, pace, 20. A trace, a mark. m.

(-daḥ) A ray of light. E. pad to go, aff. ac or ghañ.

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Pāda (पाद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. A foot. 2. A quarter. 3. A hill at the foot of a mountain. 4. A ray of light. 5. The root of a tree. 6. The foot or line of a stanza. 7. The line of a hymn or stanza of the Rig Vedas. 8. The quadrant of a circle. 9. The foot or leg of an inanimate object. E. pad to go, aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pada (पद).—[pad + a] 1., I. n. 1. A step, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 227. 2. A footstep, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 190. 3. A trace, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 5, 1. 4. A mark, a sign, Mahābhārata 3, 12474. 5. Place, [Arjunasamāgama] 4, 39 (padāt padam, A step from the place). 6. Abode, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 26, 241. 7. Home. 8. An office, [Pañcatantra] 103, 3; dignity, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 125. 9. Object, thing, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] Anth. 43, 9. 10. Cause, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 97. 11. Pretext. 12. A square of a chess-board, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 5, 12. 13. A foot; with kṛ, a. To put one’s foot on, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 13. b. To possess one’s self of, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 528. c. To put one’s confidence in, Śāk, 47, 6 ([Prakrit]) 14. A verse, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] [distich] 77. 15. A word, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 9, 24. 16. A kind of reading the Veda (every word separately, without applying the rules of Sandhi). Ii. m. A ray of light.

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Pāda (पाद).—i. e. 1. pad + a, m. 1. A foot. 2. The bottom (of a bag), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 99. 3. The foot of a mountain, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 19. 4. A hill at the foot of a mountain, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 145. 5. The root of a tree. 6. A ray, a beam, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 372. 7. A quarter, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 18. 8. The fourth part of a śloka or strophe, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 77. 9. The quadrant of a circle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pada (पद).—[neuter] ([masculine]) step, pace, stride; footstep, vestige, mark; footing, stand-point, place. spot, position, station; office, (high) rank, dignity; object, cause, often adj. subject or obnoxious to (—°); foot (also as a measure of length), quarter of a stanza, line; word or a kind of base of a noun ([grammar]); also = padapāṭha q.v.

padena on foot; pade pade at every step, everywhere; padaṃ dā (or padātpadaṃ gam) make a step, stride; padaṃ kṛ put the foot on or in, enter, occupy ([locative]); [Causative] bring together a person ([accusative]) with ([locative] or [accusative] [with] prati).

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Pāda (पाद).—[masculine] foot, leg (lit. & [figuratively]), foot as a measure; column, pillar; ray, beam (as the foot of a heavenly body); fourth part, quarter of anything, [especially] of a four-versed stanza, also part or verse i.[grammar], section, chapter. Often [plural] the feet of (—°) i.e. the venerable —.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pada (पद):—[from pad] n. (rarely m.) a step, pace, stride

2) [v.s. ...] a footstep, trace, vestige, mark, the foot itself, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (padena, on foot; pade pade, at every step, everywhere, on every occasion; trīṇi padāni viṣṇoḥ, the three steps or footprints of Viṣṇu [i.e. the earth, the air, and the sky; cf. [Ṛg-veda i, 154, 5; Vikramorvaśī i, 19]], also Name of a constellation or according to some ‘the space between the eyebrows’; sg. viṣṇoḥ padam Name of a locality; padaṃ-√dā, padāt padaṃ-√gam or √cal, to make a step, move on; padaṃ-√kṛ, with [locative case] to set foot in or on, to enter; with mūrdhni, to set the foot upon the head of [genitive case] id est. overcome; with citte or hṛdaye, to take possession of any one’s heart or mind; with [locative case] or prati, to have dealings with; padaṃ ni-√dhā with [locative case], to set foot in = to make impression upon; with padavyām, to set the foot on a person’s [genitive case] or [in the beginning of a compound] track, to emulate or equal; padam ni-√bandh with [locative case], to enter or engage in)

3) [v.s. ...] a sign, token, characteristic, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a footing, standpoint

5) [v.s. ...] position, rank, station, site, abode, home, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (padam ā-√tan, to spread or extend one’s position; padāt padam bhrāmayitvā, having caused to wander from place to place)

6) [v.s. ...] a business affair, matter, object or cause of ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a pretext, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a part, portion, division (cf. dvi-, tri-)

9) [v.s. ...] a square on a chess-board, [Rāmāyaṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] a plot of ground, [Inscriptions]

11) [v.s. ...] the foot as a measure of length (= 12 or 15 fingers' breadth, or 1/2 or 1/3 or 3/7 of a Prakrama), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

12) [v.s. ...] a ray of light (m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

13) [v.s. ...] a portion of a verse, quarter or line of a stanza, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

14) [v.s. ...] a word or an inflected word or the stem of a noun in the middle cases and before some Taddhitas, [Pāṇini 1-4, 14 etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] = pada-pāṭha, [Prātiśākhya]

16) [v.s. ...] common Name of the [Parasmaipada] and [Ātmanepada] [Catalogue(s)]

17) [v.s. ...] any one in a set of numbers the sum of which is required

18) [v.s. ...] a period in an arithmetical progression, [Colebrooke]

19) [v.s. ...] a square root, [Sūryasiddhānta]

20) [v.s. ...] a quadrant, [ib.]

21) [v.s. ...] protection, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] cf. [Greek] πέδον; [Latin] peda; op-pidum for op-pedum.

23) Pāda (पाद):—[from pād] m. (ifc. f(ā). , rarely f(ī). ) the foot (of men and animals), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (the [plural] sometimes added to proper names or titles in token of respect e.g. deva-pādāḥ, ‘the king’s majesty’ [Pañcatantra] ; nārāyaṇap, ‘the venerable N°’ [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]; pādaiḥ ind. on foot [said of several persons], [Rāmāyaṇa]; dayoḥ and de-√pat, to fall at a person’s [gen.] feet, [Kāvya literature; Hitopadeśa])

24) [v.s. ...] the foot or leg of an inanimate object, column, pillar, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

25) [v.s. ...] a wheel, [Śiśupāla-vadha xii, 21]

26) [v.s. ...] a foot as a measure (= 12 Aṅgulas), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; ???; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

27) [v.s. ...] the foot or root of a tree, [Varāha-mihira]

28) [v.s. ...] the foot or a hill at the f° of a mountain, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

29) [v.s. ...] the bottom (dṛteh pādāt, ‘from the b° of a bag’ [varia lectio] pātrāt), [Mahābhārata v, 1047]

30) [v.s. ...] a ray or beam of light (considered as the f° of a heavenly body), [ib.]

31) [v.s. ...] a quarter, a fourth Part (the f° of a quadruped being one out of 4), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. ([plural] the 4 parts id est. all things required for [gen.] [Suśruta])

32) [v.s. ...] the quadrant (of a circle), [Āryabhaṭa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

33) [v.s. ...] a verse or line (as the fourth part of a regular stanza), [Brāhmaṇa; ???; Prātiśākhya] etc.

34) [v.s. ...] the caesura of a verse, [Agni-purāṇa], the chapter of a book ([originally] only of a book or section of a b° consisting of 4 parts, as the Adhyāyas of Pāṇini’s grammar).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pada (पद):—(daṃ) 1. n. A foot, a footstep; a state, a place; a word; a mark; a thing, &c. m. Ray of light.

2) Pāda (पाद):—(daḥ) 1. m. A foot; a quarter; ray; the root of a tree; a fourth of a stanza; a quadrant; a hill at the foot of a mountain.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pada (पद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Na, Paya, Pāe, Pāya, Vāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Paḍā (पडा):—(nm) he-calf of a buffalo; hence [paḍiyā] (nf); [paḍiyā ke tāū] a fool, nincompoop.

2) Pada (पद) [Also spelled pad]:—(nm) an office, status; a rank; a versified composition (esp. eulogizing God or His sport); foot (of a measure or verse); (foot) step; expression; term, word in its particular context; articles (like an umbrella, shoes, clothes, utensils) given away for the gratification of the soul of a deceased; -[kaṃja/kamala] lotus-like feet; ~[krama] order of official precedence; wordorder in a sentence; ~[gati] gait; ~[cārī] a pedestrian; ~[cinha] a footstep, footmark; trace, trail; ~[ciṃhoṃ para calanā] to follow in the footsteps of; to emulate; ~[ccheda] parsing; ~[cyuta] dismissed, discharged from office; ~[tala] sole; foot; -[tyāga] renunciation/abandonment of an office; ~[trāṇa] footwear; shoe; ~[dalita] trodden under foot, down-trodden; trampled; ~[nāma] designation; ~[nyāsa] diction; disposition of words; -[paṃkaja/padma] see [padakamala; -pada para] at every step; ~[baṃdha] a phrase; -[yojanā] diction, word disposition, arrangement of words; -[racanā] arrangement of words, diction; literary composition; morphological construction; ~[raja] dust of the feet (of a revered person); ~[vigraha/viccheda] analysis of a compound word; ~[śaiyā] diction, typical arrangement of words in a literary composition; -[saṃjñā] official title, designation; -[sopāna] hierarchy; ~[sopānika] hierarchical; -[sthāpanā] posting.

3) Pāḍa (पाड):—(nf) staging, builder’s staging; the border of a dhoti: sari:, etc; scaffold; —[bāṃdhanā] to put up a scaffold/staging.

4) Pāḍā (पाडा):—(nm) a part or locality of a city or town; male young of a buffalo; ~[ḍī] female young buffalo.

5) Pāda (पाद) [Also spelled paad]:—(nm) a foot; leg; foot of a meter; foul wind (discharged from the posterior opening); quadrant; one-fourth part; ~[tala] sole of the foot; foot; ~[kṣepa] footwork; ~[padma] lotus-like feet; —[pūrtti] completion of the foot of a verse; —[prahāra] a kick, knock; ~[baṃdha] fetters; ~[mūla] lower part of the foot; foothill; ~[hata] kicked; knocked down; ~[hīna] without feet; footless.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Paḍa (पड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pat.

2) Paḍa (पड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Paṭa.

3) Pāḍa (पाड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pāta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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