Heruka: 7 definitions


Heruka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

1) Heruka (हेरुक), together with his consort Vārāhī, is the main deity of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī. In the Herukamaṇḍala, the east division of the entire maṇḍala is blackish dark-blue in color; the north division, green; the west division, red; and the south division, yellow. Heruka is the origin of all heroes, and Vārāhī is the origin of all Ḍākinīs.

2) Heruka (हेरुक) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Suvīrā forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vajracakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the vajracakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Heruka] each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum and a knife; they are dark-bluish-black in color.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of heruka in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography (b)

Heruka (हेरुक) is one of the most popular deities of the Buddhist pantheon and a regular Tantra, the Heruka Tantra, is devoted to his worship. Heruka is worshipped singly as well as in yab-yum. When he is in yab-yum he is generally known as Hevajra and in this form he is popular in Tibet, Many of his forms are described in the Sādhanamālā

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Heruka (हेरुक).—

1) An attendant on Śiva.

2) Name of Gaṇeśa.

3) Name of a Buddha (= cakrasambara).

Derivable forms: herukaḥ (हेरुकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Heruka (हेरुक).—n. of a deity: Sādh 146.4 et passim.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Heruka (हेरुक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. An attendant on Mahakala, or Siva in that form. 2. An inferior divinity of the Baud'dhas. E. hi to go, uka Unadi aff., ruṭ augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Heruka (हेरुक):—m. Name of Gaṇeśa, [Kālikā-purāṇa]

2) of an attendant on Mahā-kāla or Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) of an inferior Buddha, [Buddhist literature]

4) [plural] Name of a class of heretics, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Herukā (हेरुका):—[from heruka] f. a species of plant, [Atharva-veda Paddh.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of heruka in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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