Shubha, Śubhā, Śubha, Subha, Subhā: 37 definitions


Shubha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śubhā and Śubha can be transliterated into English as Subha or Shubha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ṣaṭsāhasra-saṃhitā

Śubhā (शुभा):—One of the twelve guṇas associated with Randhra, the first seat of the Svādhiṣṭhāna-chakra. According to tantric sources such as the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the Gorakṣasaṃhitā (Kādiprakaraṇa), these twelve guṇas are represented as female deities. According to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā however, they are explained as particular syllables. They (e.g. Śubhā) only seem to play an minor role with regard to the interpretation of the Devīcakra (first of five chakras, as taught in the Kubjikāmata-tantra).

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Śubha (शुभ, “fortunate”) is accomplished by performing mantrasādhana (preparatory procedures) according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.53. Accordingly, “the śubha- (fortunate) mantra-sādhana can be done at any time; the vaśya and puṣṭya (syn. pauṣṭika, increasing welfare), should be performed in the morning; the prītināśana (syn. vidveṣa, provoking enmity) at the noon; the uccāṭa in the afternoon; likewise, the māraṇa at the saṃdhyā”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Śubha (शुभ) refers to “(an) auspicious (observance)”, according to the Kiraṇatantra chapter 49 (dealing with vratacaryā).—Accordingly, “Garuḍa spoke: ‘You have taught me, O great Lord, the activities of the Neophyte, the Putraka and the Ācārya. Tell me those of the Sādhaka’. The Lord spoke: ‘[...] This is the auspicious (śubha) Raudra-vrata: imposing with a chignon of matted locks, marked by a trident and khaṭvāṅga, equipped with a clean half skull, awe-inspiring with a third eye, clothed in the skin of a tiger, peaceful. For one firm [in this observance], the highest siddhi will arise in six months; middling [powers] in four months; the lowest [powers] will arise in three months. [...]’”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Śubhā (शुभा).—Name of a river originating from Vindhya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Śubhā (शुभा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Śubhā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śubhā (शुभा).—Dhruva’s mother. According to Harivaṃśa, Chapter 2, she was born from Aśvamedha.

2) Subhā (सुभा).—Wife of Aṅgiras and mother of seven sons like Bṛhatkīrti. (Vana Parva, Chapter 218, Verse 1).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śubha (शुभ).—Born of Śraddhā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 50.

1b) A god of Sutāra group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 90.

1c) A son of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 49.

1d) A son of Havirdhāna.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 45.

1e) One of the ten branches of the Supāra group of devas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 94.

1f) A class of Apsaras from the sacrificial altar.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 56.

2a) Śubhā (शुभा).—A wife of Pulaha; mother of Haṃsa and others.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 178.

2b) A mother goddess.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 29.

2c) One of the ten daughters of Raudrāśva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 125.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śubha (शुभ) and Bhadrā were both cursed by Kaṇva, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, as Śubha and Bhadra said to king Vikramāditya“... we two, King, are two sons of gods; this one’s name is Bhadra, and I am Śubha. As we were roaming about we observed the hermit Kaṇva engaged in meditation. We assumed in sport the forms of an elephant and a boar, and having done so, we terrified the great sage in our reckless folly, and he pronounced on us this curse: ‘Become in this forest an elephant and boar such as you are now; but when you shall be killed by King Vikramāditya, you shall be released from the curse’”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śubha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Śubhā (शुभा) is the name of a catuṣpadi metre (as popularly employed by the Apabhraṃśa bards), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Śubhā has 20 mātrās in each of its four lines, divided into the groups of 2, 4, [ISI], 4, [ISI] and 2 mātrās.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Śubha (शुभ):—Beneficial for health.

2) [śubhaḥ] Pleasant, Beautiful

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Śubha (शुभ) refers to “auspicious (arising)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Next I will proclaim the teaching concerning the thirty-two (syllable) Vidyā by just knowing which one clearly attains insight. Nityā, Klinnā and Raktā (are the goddesses in the transmissions of the) Aged, Youth and the Child. These three divisions are said to be the auspicious arising of the teachers (śubha-udayaproktā ācāryāṇāṃ ca śubhodayāḥ). Other, secondary divisions are (those of) the common initiate, adept and apprentice. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Śubha (शुभ) refers to a “fine” (place), according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the construction of residence for initiates]—“[...] The residence for the initiates should be built not too far from water. Initiates should live in a fine, unpolluted place (śubhaasaṃkīrṇe śubhe deśe). The residence should have one, two, or three rooms. Or a four-roomed residence should be built, according to funding. A pleasing hiraṇyanābha or sukṣetra may be built”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Subha. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; ApA.i.106.

2. Subha. A young man (manava) called Todeyyaputta. He once visited the Buddha in Savatthi, asking him various questions. The interview is described in the Subha Sutta (q.v.). At the end of the discourse he declared himself the Buddhas follower. While on his way back from the city, he met Janussoni, and, on being asked what he thought of the Buddha, spoke of him in terms of the highest praise, saying that none but Gotamas own peer could utter sufficient praise of him (M.i.196f., 208f.; Janussoni addresses him as Bharadvaja). Subha is described (MA.ii.802; cf. M.i.202) as the son of the brahmin Todeyya (q.v.) of Tudigama.

Elsewhere however, a different account is given of his conversion. (DA.ii.384f.; cf. MA.ii.963f., which adds that the Buddha proved the identity of the dog by getting it to indicate the place where Todeyyas treasure lay buried). Subbas father was a very rich merchant, chaplain to Pasenadi, but a great miser. After death he was born as a dog in the same home. One day, when the Buddha was going his alms round in Tudigama near Savatthi, he arrived at Subhas house. The dog saw the Buddha and barked, and the Buddha addressed it as Todeyya. The dog thereupon ran into the house and lay on a bed, from which no one could drive it away. When Subha asked the cause of the uproar, he was told the story. Thereupon he was very angry, saying that his father had been born in the Brahmaloka, and, in order to refute the Buddha, he visited the monastery. This was the occasion for the preaching of the Subha Sutta. Soon after the Buddhas death, when Ananda, was staying in Savatthi, Subha sent a young man to Ananda, with his respects and an invitation to his house. Ananda, having taken medicine, did not go that day. But he went the next day, accompanied by a monk of Cetiya (Cetaka). Their conversation is recorded in the Subha Sutta (2) (D.i.204f). See also Culakammavibhahga Sutta, which too was preached to Subha.

3. Subha. A palace guard, son of Datta. He closely resembled King Yasalalaka Tissa in appearance, and the king used to place him on the throne, decked in royal ornaments, and watch the ministers doing obeisance to him, while he himself took the guards place. One day, while Subha was on the throne, he reprimanded the king, disguised as a guard, for smiling disrespectfully, and had him led away and executed before the truth was discovered. Subha then became king and ruled for six years (120-6 A.C.). He built the Subharaja parivena, the Valli vihara, the Ekadvara vihara and the Nandigamaka vihara. He was deposed by Vasabha (Mhv.xxxv.51ff.; Dpv.xxi.45). His daughter married Vankanasika Tissa. She had been adopted by a bricklayer, but Vasabha discovered her identity and married her to his son.

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1. Subha. A group of Brahmas; the group includes the Parittasubha,Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N Pleasant, rejoicing.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Beauty (subha):—deliverance through the perception of: cf. vimokkha (II. 3) To hold for beautiful or pure (subha) what is impure (asubha), is one of the 4 perversions (s. vipallāsa).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Śubhā (शुभा) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Śubhā stands in the west of the outermost circle. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She  carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śubha (शुभ) refers to “purity”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 2).—Accordingly, “[Question.—Why do the Buddhist sūtras begin with the words: ‘Thus have I heard’?]—[...] Furthermore, current language (lokābhilāpa) has three roots (mūla): (1) wrong views (mithyādṛṣṭi), (2) pride (māna), (3) convention (saṃketa). The first two are impure (aśubha), the third is pure (śubha). In all worldly people (pṛthagjana), the three types of language, wrong views, pride and convention, exist. In the śaikṣas on the path of seeing (darśanamārga), there are two types of language, that of pride and that of convention. In the Āryas, only the conventional language exists. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śubhā (शुभा) is the name of an ancient city, according to chapter 5.2 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Now, in this Jambūdvīpa in the province Ramaṇīya, the ornament of East Videha, on the south bank of the Śītā, there is a city, named Śubhā, the fair abode of Lakṣmī, presenting a manifestation of the beauty of the earth, splendid with the greatest magnificence. Its king was Stimitasāgara, who surpassed Meru in firmness, the ocean in depth. He had two wives, Vasundharā and Anuddharā, who wore the yoke of good conduct, by whom the wealth of beauty of an Apsaras was surpassed.”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra

Śubha (शुभ, “auspicious”).—What is meant by auspicious (śubha)? Auspicious is some event/activity/entity which results in merit (pūnya).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Śubha (शुभ, “auspicious”) refers to one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by auspicious (śubha) body-making karma? The rise of which causes a living being to have charming and beautiful form liked by others is called auspicious body-making karmas.

The opposite-pair of śubha (auspicious) is aśubha (inauspicious).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Subha in India is the name of a plant defined with Annona squamosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Guanabanus squamosus M. Gómez (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Cytologia (1990)
· Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. (2006)
· Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health. (2006)
· Isis oder encyclopädische Zeitung (1828)
· Taxon (1981)
· Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series (1938)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Subha, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

subha : (adj.) lucky; auspicious; pleasant. (nt.), welfare; beauty. || suṇhā (f.), a daughter-in-law.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Subha, (adj.) (Vedic śubhas fr. subh; cp. sobhati) shining, bright, beautiful D. I, 76=II. 13=M. III, 102; Dhs. 250; DA. I, 221; auspicious, lucky, pleasant Sn. 341; It. 80; good Sn. 824, 910; subhato maññati to consider as a good thing Sn. 199; J. I, 146; cp. S. IV, 111; (nt.) welfare, good, pleasantness, cleanliness, beauty, pleasure; —vasena for pleasure’s sake J. I, 303, 304; asubha anything repulsive, disgusting or unpleasant S. I, 188; V, 320; subhâsubha pleasant and unpleasant Miln. 136; J. III, 243 (niraya=subhānaṃ asubhaṃ unpleasant for the good, C.); cp. below subhāsubha.

—aṅgana with beautiful courts J. VI, 272.—âsubha good and bad, pleasant & unpleasant Dh. 409=Sn. 633.—kiṇṇa the lustrous devas, a class of devas D II 69; M I 2. 329, 390; III, 102; A. I, 122; J. III, 358; Kvu 207; also written °kiṇha A. II, 231, 233; IV, 40, 401; Vism. 414, 420 sq.; VbhA. 520; KhA 86.—gati going to bliss, to heaven Mhvs 25, 115.—ṭṭhāyin existing or remaining, continuing, in glory D. I, 17; DA. I, 110; A. V, 60.—dhātu the element of splendour S. II, 150.—nimitta auspicious sign, auspiciousness as an object of one’s thought M I 26; A. I, 3, 87, 200; S. V, 64, 103; Vism. 20.—saññā perception or notion of what is pleasant or beautiful Nett 27. Opp. asubhasaññā concept of repulsiveness A. I, 42; II, 17; III, 79; IV, 46; V, 106. See asubha.—saññin considering as beautiful A. II, 52. (Page 719)

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śubha (शुभ).—n (S) Good fortune, well-being, weal, prosperity. 2 Goodness, propitiousness, favorableness (as of conjunctions, lunar days &c.) 3 Auspiciousness; favorableness of indication or promise. 4 m The twenty-third of the astronomical Yogas.

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śubha (शुभ).—a (S) Good, propitious, favorable, fortunate, auspicious, happy, that confers or promises good;--used of acts, rites, omens, signs, aspects. 2 Happy, joyous, of a light and festal nature; as opp. to funereal, lugubrious, dolorous;--used of ceremonies, rites, observances. Pr. śubha bōla rē nāṛyā māṇḍavāsa āga lāgalī. 3 Good in the popular sense. Ex. aśubhasya kālaharaṇaṃ śubhasya śīghraṃ Do bad things dilatorily or with postponement; do good things promptly.

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śubhā (शुभा).—f (S The good female.) An auspicious name of Parwati. 2 (The good sickness.) An auspicious name for the measles. 3 (Esp. in the cant of certain devotees.) A cake of cowdung.

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subhā (सुभा).—m ( A) A province, a subha. 2 (For subhēdāra) The governor of a subha. Ex. kōṇa dēśīñcā subhā muśāphara pānavathyāvara ubhā. 3 (Because she is, whilst in this state, permitted to sit idle and lordlike, and issue her orders to the household.) Applied jocosely to the state of a woman under menstruation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śubha (शुभ).—n Good fortune. Goodness, auspici- ousness. a Good, auspicious, propi- tious. Happy, joyous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śubha (शुभ).—a. [śubh-ka]

1) Shining, bright.

2) Beautiful, handsome; जङ्घे शुभे सृष्टवतस्तदीये (jaṅghe śubhe sṛṣṭavatastadīye) Kumārasambhava 1.35.

3) Auspicious, lucky, happy, fortunate.

4) Eminent, good, virtuous; येन केनाप्युपायेन शुभेनाप्यशुभेन वा उद्धरेद्दीनमात्मानम् (yena kenāpyupāyena śubhenāpyaśubhena vā uddhareddīnamātmānam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.358.

5) Learned, versed in the Vedas.

-bhaḥ 1 Name of a yoga; L. D. B.

2) The Almighty (aja); L. D. B.

3) Water.

4) A he-goat.

-bham 1 Auspiciousness, welfare, good fortune, happiness, good prosperity; प्रायः शुभं च विदधात्यशुभं च जन्तोः सर्वंकषा भगवती भवितव्यतैव (prāyaḥ śubhaṃ ca vidadhātyaśubhaṃ ca jantoḥ sarvaṃkaṣā bhagavatī bhavitavyataiva) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.23.

2) An ornament.

3) Water.

4) A kind of fragrant wood.

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Śubhā (शुभा).—

1) Lustre, light.

2) Beauty.

3) Desire.

4) Yellow pigment.

5) The Śamī tree.

6) An assembly of gods.

7) Dūrvā grass.

8) Bamboo-manna.

9) The Priyaṅgu creeper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śubha (शुभ).—(1) m. pl. (= Pali subha, Majjhimanikāya (Pali) iii.102.30), a class of rūpāvacara gods of the 3d dhyānabhūmi, according to Mahāvastu only; as adj. with deva, q.v.: Mahāvastu ii.314.7; 319.5; 348.19; 360.17; (2) m. sg., name of a king, former birth of the Buddha: Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 23.8; (3) adj. (in this sense unrecorded), white (opp. to kṛṣṇa, black), only in Lalitavistara 197.1 (verse) kṛṣṇā śubhā (Tibetan dkar, white) caturi prāṇaka pāda lehī (so read with v.l. for Lefm. lekhī), four animals, black and white, licked his feet. There can be no doubt of the meaning

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Śubhā (शुभा).—name of a goddess: Sādhanamālā 502.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śubha (शुभ).—mfn.

(-bhaḥ-bhā-bhaṃ) 1. Happy, well, right, fortunate, auspicious. 2. Handsome, beautiful. 3. Splendid, shining. 4. Eminent, distinguished. 5. Learned, versed in the Vedas, &c. n.

(-bhaṃ) 1. Good, good fortune, auspiciousness, happiness. 2. An ornament. 3. A particular fragrant wood. m.

(-bhaḥ) One of the astrological Yogas. f.

(-bhā) 1. An assemblage of the gods. 2. A female friend and companion of the goddess Uma. 3. Bamboo-manna. 4. Bent grass. 5. The Sami tree. 6. A yellow pigment: see gorocanā. 7. Light, lustre. 8. Beauty. 9. Desire. E. śubh to shine, aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śubha (शुभ).—[śubh + a], I. adj., f. bhā. 1. Splendid, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 72, 5; beautiful, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 185. Comparat. śubhatara, Very beautiful, [Pañcatantra] 226, 5. 2. Distinguished, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 59, 10. 3. Learned. 4. Happy, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 5, M. M.; good, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 106; virtuous, i. [distich] 150. Ii. m. One of the astrological [Yogasūtrāṇi, (ed. Allahabed, 1852-53.)] Iii. f. bhā. 1. A female friend of the goddess Umā, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 26. 2. Bambu manna. 3. Bent grass. Iv. n. Happiness, hail, [Hitopadeśa] 54, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śubha (शुभ).—[adjective] fair, beautiful, pleasant, agreeable, fortunate, auspicious, good, right, true, pure. [neuter] charm, beauty, grace, welfare, luck, bliss (also [plural]); anything pleasant or good.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śubha (शुभ):—[from śubh] mf(ā)n. splendid, bright, beautiful, handsome (often f. [vocative case], śubhe, ‘fair one!’ in addressing a beautiful woman), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] pleasant, agreeable, suitable, fit, capable, useful, good (applied to persons and things), [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] auspicious, fortunate, prosperous, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] good (in moral sense), righteous, virtuous, honest, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] pure (as an action), [Yājñavalkya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) [v.s. ...] eminent, distinguished, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] learned, versed in the Vedas, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] m. water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] the Phenila tree (Sapindus Detergens), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a he-goat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([probably] [wrong reading] for stubha)

11) [v.s. ...] the 23rd of the astrol. Yogas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Name of a man (cf. [gana] tikādi), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

13) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dharma, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Catalogue(s)]

15) [v.s. ...] m. (also f(ā). ) a city floating in the sky (cf. śaubha = vyomacāri-pura), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

16) Śubhā (शुभा):—[from śubha > śubh] f. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) light, lustre, splendour, beauty

17) [v.s. ...] desire

18) [v.s. ...] Prosopis Spicigera or Mimosa Suma

19) [v.s. ...] white Dūrvā grass

20) [v.s. ...] = priyaṅgu

21) [v.s. ...] bamboo manna

22) [v.s. ...] a cow

23) [v.s. ...] the yellow pigment Gorocanā

24) [v.s. ...] an assembly of the gods

25) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre

26) [v.s. ...] Name of a female friend and companion of the goddess Umā

27) Śubha (शुभ):—[from śubh] n. anything bright or beautiful etc.

28) [v.s. ...] beauty, charm, good fortune, auspiciousness, happiness, bliss, welfare, prosperity, [Kauśika-sūtra; Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

29) [v.s. ...] benefit, service, good or virtuous action, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara]

30) [v.s. ...] the wood of Cerasus Puddum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) Subha (सुभ):—[=su-bha] [from su > su-pakva] a n. (for subha See sub voce) an auspicious constellation, [Bhadrabāhu-caritra]

32) b mfn. (for su-bha See p. 1229, col. 2), often [wrong reading] for śubha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śubha (शुभ):—(bhaḥ) 1. m. Good fortune. a. Happy, handsome, splendid; eminent. m. Astronomical yoga. 1. f. Many gods; friend of Durgā; bent grass; light, lustre, beauty.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śubha (शुभ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Subha, Subhā, Suhā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shubha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śubha (शुभ) [Also spelled shubh]:—(a) auspicious; good; (nm) the good, well-being; —[karma] a good deed; ~[kāmanāeṃ] good wishes; —[graha] an auspicious/favourable star; ~[ciṃtaka] a well-wisher; ~[darśana] good looking; of auspicious aspect; —[muhūrta] auspicious moment/instant; —[śakuna] a good omen; —[saṃdeśa] good news; ~[sūcaka] portending good; —[sūcanā] good news; ~[sya śīghra] well done, soon done; the sooner done, the better.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Subha (सुभ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śubha.

2) Subhā (सुभा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śubhā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śubha (ಶುಭ):—

1) [adjective] bright; shining; splendid.

2) [adjective] beautiful; handsome; lovely.

3) [adjective] auspicious; propitious; benevolent.

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Śubha (ಶುಭ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being auspicious, benevolent or propitious; propitiousness; auspiciousness.

2) [noun] a special quality, feature, point, characteristic, etc.; speciality.

3) [noun] pureness; immaculateness; stainlessness; purity.

4) [noun] good fortune; prosperity; welfare.

5) [noun] happiness; bliss.

6) [noun] cloth or a garment.

7) [noun] courage; bravery; valour.

8) [noun] kingship; sovereignty.

9) [noun] reality; fact; actuality.

10) [noun] a tree (in gen.).

11) [noun] the cactus plant Opuntia dillenii of Cactaceae family; prickly pear.

12) [noun] (astrol.) the twenty third of the twenty seven yogas.

13) [noun] ಉಭ ಇಲ್ಲ, ಶುಭ ಇಲ್ಲ [ubha illa, shubha illa] ubha illa, śubha illa (sent.) to keep quiet; to refrain from talking, commenting, reacting, etc.; ಶುಭಸ್ಯ ಶೀಘ್ರಂ [shubhasya shighram] śubhasya śighram let good things not be delayed; 2. speedy execution is the mother of good fortune.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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