The Skanda Purana

by G. V. Tagare | 1950 | 2,545,880 words

This page describes The Greatness of Keshavaditya (108 names of Sun-God, Bhaskara) which is chapter 33 of the English translation of the Skanda Purana, the largest of the eighteen Mahapuranas, preserving the ancient Indian society and Hindu traditions in an encyclopedic format, detailling on topics such as dharma (virtous lifestyle), cosmogony (creation of the universe), mythology (itihasa), genealogy (vamsha) etc. This is the thirty-third chapter of the Avantikshetra-mahatmya of the Avantya-khanda of the Skanda Purana.

Chapter 33 - The Greatness of Keśavāditya (108 names of Sun-God, Bhāskara)

[Sanskrit text for this chapter is available]

Sanatkumāra said:

1. Nārāyaṇa installed the idol (on the northern bank of Śīprā) and forcefully blew the conch-shell. Remaining pure, he eulogized Bhāskara by reciting (108 names of Bhāskara) this prayer.

Prayer to the Sun-God:

2-13. [This prayer consists of 108 epithets of the Sun-god]

Śrīkṛṣṇa said:

1. Āditya—(Son of Aditi)
2. Bhāskara—(Lustrous one)
3. Bhānu—(Possessing rays)
4. Ravi
5. Sūrya
6. Divākara—(The maker or cause of day)
7. Prabhākara—(The cause of light)
8. Divānātha—(The lord of day)
9. Tapana—(Blazing one)
10. Tapatāṃvara—(Excellent one among schorchers)
11. Vareṇya—(The greatest)
12. Varada—(Granter of boons)
13. Viṣṇu—(The pervader of the universe)
14. Anagha—(Sinless)
15. Vāsavānuja—(The younger brother of Indra)
16. Bala—(Strength-incarnate)
17. Vīrya—(Vigour-incarnate)
18. Sahasrāṃśu—(Thousand-rayed one)
19. Sahasrakiraṇadyuti—(Having the lustre of a thousand rays)
20. Mayūkhamālī—(Wearing a garland of rays)
21. Viśva—(Universe)
22. Mārtaṇḍa—(Born of a dead egg)
23. Caṇḍakiraṇa—(Of fierce rays)
24. Sadāgati—(Of continuous movement)
25. Bhāsvān—(Endowed with brilliance)
26. Saptasaptin—(Having seven horses)
27. Sukhodaya—(Rise of happiness)
28. Devadeva—(Lord of Devas)
29. Ahirbudhnya—(Identical with Rudra)
30. Dhāmnāmnidhi—(Storehouse of refulgence)
31. Anuttama—(Most excellent)
32. Tapa—(Penance-incarnate)
33. Brahmamayāloka—(Having the lustre of Brahman)
34. Lokapāla—(Guardian of the world)
35. Apāṃpati—(Lord of waters)
36. Jagatprabodhajanaka—(The awakener or enlightener of the world)
37. Deva—(The refulgent god)
38. Jagadbīja—(Seed of the world)
39. Jagatprabhu—(Lord of the universe)
40. Arka
41. Niḥśreyasapara—(The excellent salvation)
42. Kāraṇa—(The cause of everything)
43. Śreyasāṃpara—(Excellent welfare)
44. Ina—(Master or ‘glorious one’ as in RV)
45. Prabhāvī—(Effective, influential)
46. Puṇya—(Meritorious one)
47. Pataṅga—(Sky-floater)
48. Patageśvara—(Lord of the flying ones)
49. Manovāñcchitadātā—(Giver of the desired objects)
50. Dṛṣṭaphalaprada—(Bestower of the seen benefits)
51. Adrṣṭaphalaprada—(Bestower of unseen-destined-benefits)
52. Gṛha—(Home, resort)
53. Gṛhakara—(Maker, bestower of houses)
54. Haṃsa—(Swan)
55. Haridaśva—(Having bay-coloured horses)
56. Hutāśana—(Fire-god)
57. Māṅgalya—(Conferring happiness)
58. Maṅgala—(Auspicious)
59. Medhya—(Pure)
60. Dhruva—(Firm, the fixed one, stable)
61. Dharmaprabodhana—(Exhorter of righteousness)
62. Bhava—(Existent one)
63. Saṃbhāvita[1]—(Honoured one)
64. Bhava—(The present)
65. Bhūtabhavya—(Identical with past and future)
66. Bhavātmaka—(Identical with the present)
67. Durgama—(Impassable, unapproachable)
68. Durgatihara—(Destroyer of wretchedness)
69. Haranetra—(The eye of god Śiva)
70. Trayīmaya—(Identical with the three Vedas)
71. Trailokyatilaka—(The beautifying mark on the forehead of the three worlds)
72. Tīrtha—(Passage to heaven)
73. Taraṇi—(Raft)
74. Sarvatomukha—(With faces on all sides)
75. Tejorāśi—(Mass of brilliance)
76. Sunirvāṇa—(Excellent salvation)
77. Viśveśa—(Lord of the universe)
78. Śāśvata—(The eternal one)
79. Dhāma—(Lustre)
80. Kalpa—(A period of one day of Brahmā)
81. Kalpānala—(Destructive Fire at the end of Kalpa)
82. Kāla—(Death or time)
83. Kālacakra—(The wheel of time)
84. Kratupriya—(Fond of sacrifices)
85. Bhūṣana—(Ornament)
86. Marut—(Wind-god)
87. Sūrya
88. Maṇiratna—(The jewel of jewels)
89. Sulocana—(Of beautiful eyes or excellent vision)
90. Tvaṣṭā
91. Viṣṭara—(Seat)
92. Viśva—(Universe)
93. Satkarmasākṣī—(Witness of good deeds)
94. Asatkarmasākṣī—(Witness of evil deeds)
95. Savitṛ
96. Sahasrākṣa—(Endowed with a thousand eyes)
97. Prajāpāla—(Protector of subjects)
98. Adhokṣaja—(Identical with Viṣṇu)
99. Brahmā—(One with Brahmā)
100. Vāsarāraṃbha—(The beginning of the day)
101. Raktavarṇa—(Red-complexioned)
102. Mahādyuti—(Of great refulgence)
103. Śukla—(White)
104. Madhyandina—(Midway)
105. Rudra—(Rudra)
106. Śyāma—(The dark one)
107. Viṣṇu—(One with Viṣṇu)
108. Dinānta—(End of day)

14-18. Thus the hundred and eight names of the divine Sun have been uttered by Viṣṇu. He who remains pure and recites this devoutly, will never have disasters anywhere. He will have perfect movement everywhere. He attains wealth, grain and happiness as well as sons. He gains splendour, intellect, great profit, knowledge and good goal.

After eulogizing thus, the Lord of the universe vanished.

By seeing the face of Keśavārka (i.e. Keśavāditya) as lustrous as ruby, one is rid of all sins and is honoured in the world of the Sun-god. They say that Reṇu Tīrtha is near Keśavārka. By visiting it one is undoubtedly released from all sins.

Footnotes and references:


For making the number of 108 some words are separated, e.g. Bhava-Saṃbhāvitam is emended as Bhavam and Saṃbhāvitam.

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