Patanga, aka: Pataṅga, Paṭaṅga, Pātaṅga; 9 Definition(s)


Patanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Pataṅga (प्रमोद) is a Sanskrit word for a species of rice (śāli) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. It can also be spelled as Pataṃga (पतंग). The literal translation of the word is “spark”. The plant Pataṅga is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Patanga in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग).—A mountain. There are twenty small mountains around Mahāmeru and Pataṅga is one of them.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Pataṅga (पतङ्ग).—A mountain on the base of Meru;1 on the south of the Mānasa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 28.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 22; 38. 2.

1b) A class of people in Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 4.

1c) A son of Devakī killed by Kaṃsa; taken to Dvārakā from Sutala by Kṛṣṇa, and after having been seen by his parents, went to Heaven.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 85. 51-6.

1d) The helpmate of the Vālakhilyas;1 the Sun God.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 32.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 67. Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 48; 54. 8.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Pataṅga.—(IA 11), a paper kite. Note: pataṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Patanga in Pali glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

paṭaṅga : (nt.) a grasshopper.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Paṭaṅga, (cp. *Sk. phaḍingā, but influenced by Sk. pataga a winged animal, bird) a grasshopper Sn. 602; J. VI, 234, 506; Miln. 272, 407; DhA. IV, 58; PvA. 67; Pgdp 59. (Page 391)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Patanga in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pataṅga (पतंग).—m (S) A moth. 2 A sort of paperkite. 3 Sappan-wood, Cæsalpinia Sappan. 4 S A bird. 5 S The sun.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग).—[patan utplavan gacchati gam-ḍa ni°]

1) A bird; नृपः पतङ्गं समधत्त पाणिना (nṛpaḥ pataṅgaṃ samadhatta pāṇinā) N.1.124; Bv.1.17.

2) The sun; विकसति हि पतङ्गस्योदये पुण्डरीकम् (vikasati hi pataṅgasyodaye puṇḍarīkam) U.6.12; Mal.1.24; Śi. 1.12; R.2.15.

3) A moth, locust, or grass-hopper; पतङ्गवद्वह्निमुखं विविक्षुः (pataṅgavadvahnimukhaṃ vivikṣuḥ) Ku.3.64;4.2; Pt 3.126.

4) A bee.

5) A ball for playing with; योऽसौ त्वया करसरोजहतः पतङ्गः (yo'sau tvayā karasarojahataḥ pataṅgaḥ) Bhāg.5.2.14.

6) Ved. A spark.

7) A devil.

8) Quicksilver.

9) Name of Kṛṣṇa

1) A horse.

11) A species of rice.

-ṅgam 1 Quicksilver.

2) A kind of sandal wood.

Derivable forms: pataṅgaḥ (पतङ्गः).

--- OR ---

Pātaṅga (पातङ्ग).—a. Brown; Mb.6.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग).—mf. (-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī) 1. A grasshopper. 2. A bird. 3. A sort of rice. 4. The sun. n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. Quicksilver. 2. A kind of Sandal. E. pat falling, gam to proceed, aff.; khac; or pat to fall, aṅgac Unadi aff. also pataṅgama .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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