Patanga, Pataṅga, Pātaṅga, Pataṃga, Patamga, Paṭaṅga: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Patanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pataṅga (प्रमोद) is a Sanskrit word for a species of rice (śāli) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. It can also be spelled as Pataṃga (पतंग). The literal translation of the word is “spark”. The plant Pataṅga is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग).—A mountain. There are twenty small mountains around Mahāmeru and Pataṅga is one of them.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pataṅga (पतङ्ग).—A mountain on the base of Meru;1 on the south of the Mānasa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 26. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 28.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 22; 38. 2.

1b) A class of people in Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 4.

1c) A son of Devakī killed by Kaṃsa; taken to Dvārakā from Sutala by Kṛṣṇa, and after having been seen by his parents, went to Heaven.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 85. 51-6.

1d) The helpmate of the Vālakhilyas;1 the Sun God.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 32.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 67. Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 48; 54. 8.
Source: valmikiramayan.net: Srimad Valmiki Ramayana

Pataṃga (पतंग) or Pataṅga refers to the “flying insects” (in the forest), according to the Rāmāyaṇa chapter 2.28. Accordingly:—“[...] soothening with kind words to Sītā, when eyes were blemished with tears, the virtuous Rāma spoke again as follows, for the purpose of waking her turn back: ‘[...] Oh, frail princess! Flying insects (pataṃga), scorpions, insects including mosquitoes and flies always annoy every one. Hence, forest is full of hardship’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग) refers to “lintel § 3.38.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pataṃga (पतंग) refers to “flying insects”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān teaches an offering manual]: “[...] All crops, all flowers and fruits will be well protected. [...] All pests will be destroyed. Snakes, mice, mongooses, porcupines, goats, frogs, stinging insects, mosquitos, locusts and so on, flocks of birds will perish. All worms will be destroyed. Furthermore, flying insects (pataṃga) and so on do not occur. They are never able to destroy. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग) refers to “insects”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Where this wicked Yama is not stopped by the 30 [gods] even with a hundred counteractions, what should one say of [Yama being stopped] there by the insects of men [com.nara-pataṅga—‘insects of men’]? O fool, sentient beings, having begun from the womb, are continually led by [their own] action to Yama’s abode by means of uninterrupted journeys”.

Synonyms: Kīṭa, Kṛmi.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pataṅga.—(IA 11), a paper kite. Note: pataṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Patanga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paṭaṅga : (nt.) a grasshopper.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paṭaṅga, (cp. *Sk. phaḍingā, but influenced by Sk. pataga a winged animal, bird) a grasshopper Sn. 602; J. VI, 234, 506; Miln. 272, 407; DhA. IV, 58; PvA. 67; Pgdp 59. (Page 391)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pataṅga (पतंग).—m (S) A moth. 2 A sort of paperkite. 3 Sappan-wood, Cæsalpinia Sappan. 4 S A bird. 5 S The sun.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग).—[patan utplavan gacchati gam-ḍa ni°]

1) A bird; नृपः पतङ्गं समधत्त पाणिना (nṛpaḥ pataṅgaṃ samadhatta pāṇinā) N.1.124; Bv.1.17.

2) The sun; विकसति हि पतङ्गस्योदये पुण्डरीकम् (vikasati hi pataṅgasyodaye puṇḍarīkam) Uttararāmacarita 6.12; Mal.1.24; Śi. 1.12; R.2.15.

3) A moth, locust, or grass-hopper; पतङ्गवद्वह्निमुखं विविक्षुः (pataṅgavadvahnimukhaṃ vivikṣuḥ) Kumārasambhava 3.64;4.2; Pt 3.126.

4) A bee.

5) A ball for playing with; योऽसौ त्वया करसरोजहतः पतङ्गः (yo'sau tvayā karasarojahataḥ pataṅgaḥ) Bhāgavata 5.2.14.

6) Ved. A spark.

7) A devil.

8) Quicksilver.

9) Name of Kṛṣṇa

1) A horse.

11) A species of rice.

-ṅgam 1 Quicksilver.

2) A kind of sandal wood.

Derivable forms: pataṅgaḥ (पतङ्गः).

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Pātaṅga (पातङ्ग).—a. Brown; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pataṃga (पतंग).—name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.26.

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Pataṃgā (पतंगा).—name of a river: Divyāvadāna 451.1 ff.; 456.19 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग).—mf. (-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī) 1. A grasshopper. 2. A bird. 3. A sort of rice. 4. The sun. n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. Quicksilver. 2. A kind of Sandal. E. pat falling, gam to proceed, aff.; khac; or pat to fall, aṅgac Unadi aff. also pataṅgama .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pataṃga (पतंग).—i. e. 1. pat + a + m-ga (vb. gam), I. m. 1. A bird, [Pañcatantra] ed. orn. 57, 6. 2. A small grasshopper which is attracted by a light, Mahābhārata 9, 152. 3. The sun, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 1, 30. 4. A playing-ball, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 20, 36. 5. A name of Kṛṣṇa, Mahābhārata 12, 1510. 6. The name of a caste in Plakṣadvīpa, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 20, 4. 7. The name of a mountain, 5, 16, 20. 8. The name of a village. Ii. f. , A proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 6, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pātaṅga (पातङ्ग).—i. e. pataṃga + a, adj., f. , Peculiar to a grasshopper [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 8, 469.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pataṃga (पतंग).—[adjective] flying; [masculine] bird, insect, [especially] grasshopper, butterfly, or moth (also pataga).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pataṃga (पतंग):—[=pataṃ-ga] [from pataṃ > pat] mfn. flying, [Ṛg-veda i, 118, 4]

2) [v.s. ...] any flying insect, a grasshopper, a bee, a butterfly or moth, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (taṃga), [Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti] etc. (-tā f., [Prasannarāghava])

3) [v.s. ...] a horse, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 14]

4) [v.s. ...] the sun (cf. pata-ga), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Varāha-mihira] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the 7 suns, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a ball for playing with, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] a spark ([Sāyaṇa]; ‘a Piśāca’ [Mahīdhara]), [Ṛg-veda iv, 4, 2]

8) [v.s. ...] a species of rice, [Caraka]

9) [v.s. ...] of tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] ‘the Flier’, Name of Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata xii, 1510] (= garuḍa, [Nīlakaṇṭha]), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of the author of [Ṛg-veda x, 177] and of this hymn itself, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] = -grāma, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

14) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of a caste in Plakṣadvīpa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

15) Pataṃgā (पतंगा):—[=pataṃ-gā] [from pataṃ-ga > pataṃ > pat] f. Name of a mythical river, [Divyāvadāna]

16) Pataṃga (पतंग):—[=pataṃ-ga] [from pataṃ > pat] m. or n. quicksilver, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] n. a species of sandal wood, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

18) Pātaṃga (पातंग):—mf(ī)n. ([from] pataṃ-ga) belonging to or peculiar to a grasshopper or moth, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

19) brown, [Mahābhārata vi, 422.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग):—[pata-ṅga] (ṅgaḥ) 1. m. A grasshopper, a bird; the sun; rice. n. Quicksilver; a kind of sandal.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pataṅga (पतङ्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Payaṃga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Patanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Patanga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Paṭaṃgā (पटंगा):—(nm) a fall; dashdown, throw; set-back; —[khānā] to suffer a set-back; —[denā] to throw down, to fell, to dash down; to cause a serious set-back.

2) Pataṃga (पतंग) [Also spelled patang]:—(nf) a paper kite; (nm) the sun; ~[bāja] a kite-flier; ~[bājī] kite flying.

3) Pataṃgā (पतंगा) [Also spelled patanga]:—(nm) a moth, an insect.

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Patanga in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a moth, an insect..—patanga (पतंगा) is alternatively transliterated as Pataṃgā.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pataṃga (ಪತಂಗ):—

1) [noun] any of a class (Aves) of warm-blooded, two-legged, egg-laying vertebrates, having the body more or less completely covered with feathers and the forelimbs modified as wings; a bird.

2) [noun] any flying insect.

3) [noun] any of various families (esp. Acrididae) of leaping, plant-eating orthopteran insects with powerful hind legs adapted for jumping; a grass-hopper.

4) [noun] any of various families of four-winged, chiefly night-flying lepidopteran insects, that is attracted by light; a kind of moth.

5) [noun] any of a family (Lampyridae) of winged beetles, active at night, whose abdomens usu. glow with a luminescent light; a firefly.

6) [noun] any of various families of lepidopteran insects active in the daytime, having a sucking mouthpart, slender body, ropelike, knobbed antennae, and four broad, usu. brightly colored, membranous wings; a butterfly.

7) [noun] the sun.

8) [noun] a bumble bee.

9) [noun] a variety of rice.

10) [noun] an arrow.

11) [noun] a kind of paper kite.

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Pataṃga (ಪತಂಗ):—

1) [noun] the medium-sized deciduous tree Pterocarpus santalinus of Papilionaceae family; red sandal tree.

2) [noun] the tree Caesalpinia sappan of Caesalpiniaceae family.

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Pātaṃga (ಪಾತಂಗ):—

1) [noun] the medium-sized deciduous tree Pterocarpus santalinus of Papilionaceae family; red sandal tree.

2) [noun] the tree Caesalpinia sappan of Caesalpiniaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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