Tapa, aka: Tāpa, Tapā; 12 Definition(s)
Tapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
One of the Hands of The Seven Upper Worlds.—Tapa: the Patāka hand twisted upwards is applicable.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Tapa (तप).—A Deva of fire-like splendour. Born of the power of penance of five sages named Kaśyapa, Vasiṣṭha, Prāṇaka, Cyavana and Trivarcas, this Deva has got a name Pāñcajanya (born of five) also. He did severe penance (tapas) and got the name Tapa. His head is like fire, his hands like Sun, his skin and eyes are of golden hue and his waist, blue. (Śloka 4, Chapter 220, Vana Parva).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Tapa (तप).—A part of Vibhu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 4. 24.
1b) One of the twenty Sutapa gaṇas.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 14.
1c) A Sukha God.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 19.
1d) A God of Rohita gaṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 85.
1e) A son of Satarūpā.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 25.
1f) The third kalpa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 29.
1g) One of the Mukhya gaṇa.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 18.
1h) A son of Raucya Manu.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 108.
1i) (also Tapoloka) a celestial world,1 forming the forehead of Virāṭpuruṣa; the sixth loka, the residence of Ṛbhu, Sanatkumāra and others, originators of Manvantaras; each of them resides conjointly with yoga, tapa and satya; four crores of yojanas above Janaloka; the residence of the celestial Vairājas; above it, the Satyaloka or Brahmaloka.2
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 1. 28; VIII. 20. 34; XI. 24. 14; Matsya-purāṇa 61. 1; 184. 23.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 17, 37, 211; 101. 208; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 7. 14-15.
1j) The month of Māśi, (Feb.-Mar.) sacred to Pūṣa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 9; 50. 202.
1k) The essence milked by Bṛhaspati from cow-earth in the vessel of the Veda; practised by Yayātī; greater than sacrifices.1 Fasting and restraint lead to vairāgya; other features are celibacy, prayer and silence.2
2) Tapā (तपा).—An adopted son of Vastāvana.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 190.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Tāpa (ताप, “agony”) refers to “the feeling of distress owing to disgrace” and is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas extending unpleasant feelings (asātāvedanīya).
Tāpa is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Tapa (तप) or Austerities are of two kinds: external and internal; external austerities are of six kinds and internal austerities are of six kinds. The body is prepared to bear suffering (parīṣaḥ) and to practice renunciation of pleasure through the external tapa. The soul starts glittering through the internal tapa. The meaning of tapa in reference to nirjarā is internal tapa. The importance of tapa is stated in all spiritual philosophies.Source: HereNow4U: Bhagwaan Mahaveer Evam Jain Darshan
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
tapa : (m.; nt.) (mano-group) penance; religious austerity; morality. (in cpds. this changes it's last vowel a to o and stands as tapo.)Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Tapa, & Tapo (from tapati, cp. Lat. tepor, heat) 1. torment, punishment, penance, esp. religious austerity, selfchastisement, ascetic practice. This was condemned by the Buddha: Gotamo sabbaṃ tapaṃ garahati tapassiṃ lūkhajīviṃ upavadati D. I, 161=S. IV, 330; anattha-sañhitaṃ ñatvā yaṃ kiñci aparaṃ tapaṃ S. I, 103; J. IV, 306 (tattatapa: see tatta).—2. mental devotion, self-control, abstinence, practice of morality (often= brahmacariyā & saṃvara); in this sense held up as an ideal by the Buddha. D. III, 42 sq. , 232 (attan & paran°), 239; S. I, 38, 43; IV, 118, 180; M. II, 155, 199; D. II, 49= Dh. 184 (paramaṃ tapo), 194 (tapo sukho); Sn. 77= S. I, 172 (saddhā bījaṃ tapo vuṭṭhi); Sn. 267 (t. ca brahmacariyā ca), 655 (id.), 901; Pv. I, 32 (Instr. tapasā= brahmacariyena PvA. 15); J. I, 293; Nett 121 (+indriyasaṃvara); KhA 151 (pāpake dhamme tapatī ti tapo): VvA. 114 (Instr. tapasā); PvA. 98.
—kamma ascetic practice S. I, 103; —jigucchā disgust for asceticism D. I, 174; III, 40, 42 sq. , 48 sq.; A. II, 200; —pakkama=°kamma D. I, 165 sq. (should it be tapopakkama=tapa+upakkama, or tapo-kamma?). —vana the ascetic’s forest Vism. 58, 79, 342. (Page 297)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
ṭapa (टप).—m A large marble, a taw. 2 Either half of a tent. khālalēṃ ṭapa or āntalēṃ ṭapa The shell. varalēṃ ṭapa The fly.
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ṭāpa (टाप) [or टांप, ṭāmpa].—f A stroke from the fore foot of a horse: also a kick from a hind foot. v māra. 2 Knocking on one's head with the knuckles. v māra. 3 Angry or reproving reflection upon; a taunt or twit. v māra. 4 A brisk chop or cut. v māra. 5 The longing and fretting (esp. of a child after its absent mother). v kara, ghē. 6 n A small plant (esp. of an esculent vegetable): also the head or tender sproutings. ṭāpēkhālīṃ asaṇēṃ-cālaṇēṃ-rāhaṇēṃ-vāgaṇēṃ To live and move under the paw of.
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tapa (तप).—n (S) Religious austerity; pious mortification of the body. 2 Virtue or moral merit. 3 A term of twelve years. 4 Duty, special duty, peculiar or prescribed duty (as of the Brahman, Kshatriya &c.) 5 In ornate composition. Heater or heating; as nētrantapa, bhālantapa śirastapa, aṅgantapa, manastapa, cittantapa, antastapa, bahistapa, pādāntapa, indriyantapa Heating to the eyes, forehead, head &c. tapīṃ basaṇēṃ To be undergoing some austere infliction or exercise (for the acquisition of puṇya or merit with God). Hence fig. To sit at home out of employ. karūna karūna tapīṃ basaṇēṃ To perpetrate wicked deeds ever and anon, assuming after each great devoutness and sanctity. tapēṃ tapaṇēṃ To be engaged in religious austerities. Ex. jē tīrtha karitāṃ bhāgalē || ananta janmīṃ tapēṃ tapalē ||.
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tāpa (ताप).—m (tapa S) Fever. 2 Heat (of the sun or of fire: also heatedness (as of bodies by the sun or fire). 3 fig. Heat of rage or lust; turmoil of worldly business; tumultuous agitation; anxious inquietude &c. 4 Oppression or harassing (as of creditors, robbers, rats, vermin &c.) 5 Hot sunshine in the rainy season or just after.
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tāpā (तापा).—m A float, a raft &c. Better tāphā q. v. Sig. II.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ṭāpa (टाप) [or ṭāmpa, or टांप].—f A stroke from the fore root of a horse: also a kick from a hind foot. A brisk chop or cut. v māra. The longing and fretting (esp. of a child after its absent mother). v kara, ghē. ṭāpēkhālīṃ asaṇēṃ-cālaṇēṃ-rāhaṇēṃ-vāgaṇēṃ To live and move under the paw of.
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tapa (तप).—n Religious austerity. Virtue. A term of 12 years. Duty.
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tāpa (ताप).—m Fever. Heat. Heat of rage. Trou- ble, bother. Oppression.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Tapa (तप).—a. [tap-ac]
1) Burning, warming, consuming by heat.
2) Causing pain or trouble, distressing.
-paḥ 1 Heat, fire, warmth.
2) The sun; तपतपनसहस्रद्योतवद्- दुर्निरीक्ष्यम् (tapatapanasahasradyotavad- durnirīkṣyam) (tejaḥ) Rām. Ch.2.85.
3) The hot season; Śi.1.66.
4) Penance, religious austerities.
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1) Heat, glow; अर्कमयूखतापः (arkamayūkhatāpaḥ) Ś.4.11; M.2.13; Ms.12.76; Ku.7.84.
2) Torment, pain, affliction, misery, agony; इतरतापशतानि तवेच्छया वितर तानि सहे चतुरानन (itaratāpaśatāni tavecchayā vitara tāni sahe caturānana) Udb.; समस्तापः कामं मनसिजनिदाघप्रसरयोः (samastāpaḥ kāmaṃ manasijanidāghaprasarayoḥ) Ś3.8; Bh.1.16.
3) Sorrow, distress.
4) A circle or heap of rays; प्रतिरूपं यथैवाप्सु तापः सूर्यस्य लक्ष्यते (pratirūpaṃ yathaivāpsu tāpaḥ sūryasya lakṣyate) Mb.12.253.3.
-pī The Tāptī river (also Yamunā); Bhāg.5.19.18; 1.79.2.
Derivable forms: tāpaḥ (तापः).
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Tāpa (ताप).—&c. See under तप् (tap).
See also (synonyms): tāpana.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-paḥ) 1. The hot season, summer. 2. Heat, warmth. 3. The sun. E. tap to heat, affix ac.
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(-paḥ) 1. Heat, burning, (moral or physical.) 2. Pain, sorrow, distress. E. tap to burn or inflame, affix ghañ. f. (-pī) A name of the Tapti or Surat river. 2. A name of the Yamuna or Jamna river. E. tapa the sun, affix of descent ac, ṅīṣ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 136 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Kutapa (कुतप).—After-noon, considered to be auspicious for performing obsequies. The offerings ...
Tāpatraya (तापत्रय).—the three kinds of miseries which human beings have to suffer in this worl...
Manastāpa (मनस्ताप).—1) mental pain or agony, anguish. Derivable forms: manastāpaḥ (मनस्तापः).M...
Paścāttāpa (पश्चात्ताप).—1) repentance, contrition; °पं कृ (paṃ kṛ) to repent. 2) (In dram.) re...
Tapānta (तपान्त).—the end of the hot season and the beginning of the rainy season; रविपीतजला तप...
kōraḍēṃ tapa (कोरडें तप).—n Dry, barren, spiritless tapa or austere devotion. Ex. jaḷō jaḷō tyā...
bhādavī tāpa (भादवी ताप).—f m or bhādavyācī tāpa f The sultriness and burning heat of the month...
kōraḍēṃ-tapa (कोरडें-तप).—n Dry, spiritless tapa or austere devotion.
ṭapa-kana-kara-diśīṃ-dinī (टप-कन-कर-दिशीं-दिनी).—ad Imit. of the sound of a falling drop &c. 2 ...
cōraṭā tāpa (चोरटा ताप).—m (Commonly cōratāpa) A creeping fever: also continuing febrile sympto...
Ayastāpa (अयस्ताप).—a. making iron red-hot. Ayastāpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the t...
Tāpahara (तापहर).—a. 1) removing heat, cooling 2) consoling. Tāpahara is a Sanskrit compound co...
Pṛṣṭhatāpa (पृष्ठताप).—noon, midday. Derivable forms: pṛṣṭhatāpaḥ (पृष्ठतापः).Pṛṣṭhatāpa is a S...
Urutāpa (उरुताप).—great heat. Derivable forms: urutāpaḥ (उरुतापः).Urutāpa is a Sanskrit compoun...
hiṃvajvara-tāpa (हिंवज्वर-ताप).—m Fever with ague.
Search found 33 books and stories containing Tapa, Tāpa or Tapā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Village Folk-tales of Ceylon (Sri Lanka), vol. 1-3 (by Henry Parker)
Story 29 - The Pied Robin < [Part I - Stories told by the Cultivating Caste and Vaeddas]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.1.64-65 < [Chapter 1 - Bhauma: On the Earth]
Verse 2.5.132 < [Chapter 5 - Prema: Love of God]
Verse 1.7.158 < [Chapter 7 - Purna: The Complete Perfection]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CCXIX < [Markandeya-Samasya Parva]
Section CCXX < [Markandeya-Samasya Parva]
Section CCXXVII < [Markandeya-Samasya Parva]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.3.117 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 2.4.265 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 3.2.134 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)