Renu, Reṇu: 20 definitions



Renu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Reṇu (रेणु).—A teacher-priest, who was the son of hermit Viśvāmitra and the author of a Sūkta in Ṛgveda. (Aitareya-Brāhmaṇa 7. 17. 7; Ṛgveda 9. 70).

2) Reṇu (रेणु).—King of the dynasty of Ikṣvāku. Reṇukā the wife of the hermit Jamadagni, and the mother of Paraśurāma was the daughter of this King. Reṇu had other names such as Prasenajit, Prasena and Suveṇu. (M. B. Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 116; Verse 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Reṇu (रेणु).—The father of Reṇukā; a Kauśika and a sage.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 12; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 118.

1b) A branch of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 71.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Reṇu (रेणु) is another name for Parpaṭa, a medicinal plant identified with various varieties and species, according to verse 5.8-10 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Reṇu and Parpaṭa, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Renu. Son and successor of King Disampati. On the death of his father Renu, with the advice and co operation of his chief steward (Mahagovinda) Jotipala, who was also his great friend, divided his kingdom into seven parts and shared it with his friends- Sattabhu, Brahmadatta, Vessabhu, Bharata, and the two Dhataratthas.

The seven divisions of the kingdom were called Kalinga, Assaka, Avanti, Sovira, Videha, Anga and Kasi; their capitals were, respectively, Dantapura, Potana, Mahissati, Roruka, Mithila, Campa and Baranasi. Renu himself occupied the central kingdom. A ii.228 36; Renu probably reigned in Benares, though the account given in the Mahagovinda Sutta does not make it clear which was his kingdom; see Dial.ii.270 n.; also Mtu.iii.197 209; and Renu (2).

2. Renu. Son of Disampati, king of Benares (Dpv.iii.40; MT. 130). He is probably identical with Renu (1).

3. Renu. King of Uttarapancala, the capital of the Kurus. He was the father of Somanassa. For details see the Somanassa Jataka. J.iv.444ff.

4. Renu. A king of forty five kappas ago, a previous birth of Vajjiputta (Renupujaka) Thera. ThagA.i.143=Ap.i.146.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Reṇu (रेणु) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Reṇu).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Reṇu (रेणु) is the son of Disampati: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw. Samiddha’s son was King Disampati. Disampati’s son was King Reṇu. Reṇu’s son was King Kusa.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

reṇu : (m.; f.) dust; pollen.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Reṇu, (cp. Vedic reṇu) 1. dust; pl. reṇū particles of dust.—Vin. I, 32 (°hatā bhūmi); Vism. 338=Nd1 505=J. I, 117 (rāgo rajo na ca pana reṇu vuccati); J. IV, 362 (okiṇṇā raja-reṇūhi; C. explains by “paṃsūhi”); Miln. 274 (pl.); SnA 132 (reṇuṃ vūpasāmeti allays).—2. pollen (in this meaning found only in the so-called Jātaka-style) J. I, 233 (mahā-tumba-matta), 349 (pupphato reṇuṃ gaṇhāti); III, 320; V, 39 (puppha°); VI, 530 (padumakinjakkha°); DhA. IV, 203 (°vaṭṭhi). (Page 576)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rēṇu (रेणु).—m S Dust.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rēṇu (रेणु).—m Dust.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Reṇu (रेणु).—m., f. [rīyateḥ ṇuḥ nit Uṇ.3.38]

1) Dust, an atom of dust, sand &c.; तुरगखुरहतस्तथा हि रेणुः (turagakhurahatastathā hi reṇuḥ) Ś.1.32.

2) The pollen of flowers.

3) A particular measure.

Derivable forms: reṇuḥ (रेणुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Reṇu (रेणु).—(1) (= Pali id., Dīghanikāya (Pali) ii.230.24 ff.), name of the son and successor of King Diśāṃpati: Mahāvastu iii.204.11 ff. In Lalitavistara 171.1 he seems to have the epithet Diśāṃpati himself, and further, by a confusion in the story, he is represented as a previous incarnation of Śākyamuni: Reṇu bhū (= abhūḥ) Diśāṃpati.In both the Mahāvastu and the Pali versions it is the purohita Jyotipāla (Mahāgovinda) who was the future Buddha. In Mahāvyutpatti 3580 called Sureṇu. (2) name of a former Buddha: Lalitavistara 171.13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Reṇu (रेणु).—mf.

(-ṇuḥ-ṇuḥ) 1. Dust. 2. The pollen of flowers. m.

(-ṇuḥ) A medicinal plant, commonly Khet-Papra. E. ri to hurt, Unadi aff. nu .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Reṇu (रेणु).—m. (and f.), Dust, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 4; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 108.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Reṇu (रेणु).—[masculine] dust, pollen of a flower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Reṇu (रेणु):—m. (or f., [Siddhānta-kaumudī]; or n. [gana] ardharcādi; [from] √ri, ) dust, a grain or atom of dust, sand etc., [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) the pollen of flowers, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) powder of anything, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

4) a [particular] measure, [Lalita-vistara] (= 8 trasa-reṇus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

5) m. Name of a [particular] drug, Piper Aurantiacum, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Suśruta] (cf. reṇukā)

6) Oldenlandia Herbacea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of the author of [Ṛg-veda ix, 70 and x, 81] (with the [patronymic] vaiśvāmitra), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; ???]

8) of a descendant of Ikṣvāku, [Harivaṃśa]

9) of a son of Vikukṣi, [Rāmāyaṇa]

10) f. Name of a wife of Viśvāmitra, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Reṇu (रेणु):—[(ṇuḥ-ṇu)] 2. m. f. Dust. m. Medicinal plant Pāpar.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Reṇu (रेणु):—

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Reṇu (रेणु):——

1) m. (*f. n.) Staub , Staubkorn ; Blüthenstaub. Auch als ein best. Maass.

2) m. — a) ein best. medicinischer Staub ; Oldenlandia herbacea [Rājan 5,8.] Piper aurantiacum (?) [6,113.] — b) Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer. Pl. ihre Nachkommen.

3) f. Nomen proprium eines Gattin Viśvāmitra's. — [Harivaṃśa 108] fehlerhaft für veṇu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Reṇu (रेणु):—(nf) dust, soil; sand; a small particle, an atom.

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