Madhyandina, Mādhyandina, Madhyamdina: 7 definitions



Madhyandina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Madhyandina in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Madhyandina (मध्यन्दिन).—A son of Puṣpārṇa and Prabhā;1 a vājin.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 13.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 25.

2) Mādhyandina (माध्यन्दिन).—Learnt the vājaseni yajus.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 6. 74.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Srimatham: History of Dharmaśāstra

Mādhyandina (माध्यन्दिन) (or Saṅgava or Madhyahna) refers to “mid-day”.—The day (of 12 hours) was often divided into five parts, viz. prāta or udaya (sunrise), saṅgava, mādhyandina or madhyahna (mid-day), aparahna (afternoon) and sāyāhna or astagamana or sāya (evening). Each of these five parts of day time will be equal to three muhūrtas. In some smṛtis and Purānas these five parts are mentioned and defined; e.g. in the Prajāpati-smṛti, vv.156157, Matsya Purāṇa 22.82-84, 124.88-90, Vayu 50.170-174.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Madhyandina in Buddhism glossary
Source: The Chronological History of Buddhism

Madhyandina and Ananda II: The Buddhist Monks (1480-1400 BCE).—Gilgit Manuscript Vinayavastu part 1 (Bhaishajyavastu) mentions that Mahayana Buddhist monks Madhyandina and Ananda II lived 100 years after the nirvana of Nagarjuna Vajrapani.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Madhyandina in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mādhyandina (माध्यन्दिन) or Madhyaṃdina.—q.v.: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.xvii.4; i.4.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madhyandina (मध्यन्दिन).—i. e. madhya + m-dina, n. Noon, [Pañcatantra] 82, 1.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Madhyandina (मध्यन्दिन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Majjhaṃdiṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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