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Marut, 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Marut means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1a) Marut (मरुत्).—Fortynine in number, born of Diti and Kaśyapa; seven in each of the seven vātaskandhas; brothers of Indra and participators in sacrifices;1 when Diti conceived a son to be the slayer of Indra, the latter began to serve her throughout her pregnancy. Once finding that she did not keep to her vows he entered her womb and cut the foetus into 49 pieces, when they cried. He said to them mā ruda and hence māruta: being divine, were born as 49 sons: at the request of their mother Indra made them a devagaṇa, called Marutgaṇa.2 Gods of the Vaivasvata epoch, Indra being their overlord: requested Soma to give up Tārā to Bṛhaspati.3 Fought with Nivātakavacas in the Devāsura war: mounted guards in Marutta's yajñas nourished Bharadvāja abandoned by Mamatā and gave him to Bharata as his son;4 helped Indra in the heavy downpour on Nandavraja: went with the gods to Dvārakā to request Kṛṣṇa to go back to Vaikuṇṭha;5 Fathers of Śobhavatya group of Apsarasas; presiding deity of Kālopanata mūrchana; line in Bhuvarloka and Lokāloka: perform śrāddha;6 are worshipped for lasting strength (ojas).7 Their service in the battle of Tripuram: Shaken by Hiraṇyakaśipu; glad at Hari's attack on the Asuras;8 attained siddhi at Siddeśvaram;9 companions of those who are devoted to their brothers;10 brought up Bharadvāja, son of Bṛhaspati.11

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 19, 23-77: VIII. 13. 4: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 79, 90, 99, 104: Matsya-purāṇa 6. 47; 163. 22-3.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa Ch. 7.
  • 3) Ib. 8. 4: 9. 29: 23. 35: 36. 1.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 10. 17: IX. 2. 28; 20. 35-9: Matsya-purāṇa 49. 15, 25-30: 58. 33.
  • 5) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 25. 7: XI. 6. 2.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 20: 61. 46: IV. 2. 27, 197: III. 10. 110.
  • 7) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 3. 8.
  • 8) Matsya-purāṇa 58. 33: 132. 3; 137. 18; 172. 14-44; 174. 32.
  • 9) Ib. 191. 117; 246. 60.
  • 10) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 5. 31.
  • 11) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 139-51.

1b) One of the Marut gaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 128.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Marut (मरुत्) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “storm deities”. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.82-88, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).

As such, Brahmā assigned the Maruts to the protection of the four corners of the main building. The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.

2) Marut is also to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Marut).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstraNāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

Marut (मरुत्):—Another name for Vāyu, a Vedic deity representing the cosmic life breath (the universal spirit). The name Marut means “he without whom one dies”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

The Maruts are the sons of Diti, and the companions of Indra, the King of the Devas. Their mother had sought a boon from their father Kashyapa that the son to be born to her should be the slayer of Indra. The sage granted her wish, but with the proviso that she had to observe a rigid vow known as the Pumsvana for the period of her pregnancy.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Marut (मरुत्).—The demigod associates of King Indra, the gods of the air. They number forty-nine and are sons of Diti.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Marut (मरुत्) refers to a class of kimpuruṣa deities according to the Śvetāmbara tradition, while the Digambara does not recognize this class. The kimpuruṣas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The kimpuruṣas are are golden in appearance according to Digambara, but white in complexion with very bright faces according to Śvetāmbara.

The deities such as the Maruts are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

India history and geogprahy

Marut or Marutkṣetra is the name of a village mentioned in the “Panhāle plates of Vikramāditya”. Marutkṣetra is evedently Muruḍ in the Kolābā District. It is probably identical Muru mentioned in the Cānje inscription (No. 22).

These copper plates (mentioning Marut) were found at Panhāle in the Dāpolī-tālukā of the Ratnāgiri District. It records a grant made by Aparāditya for the spiritual welfare of his son, the prince (Kumāra) Vikramāditya. It was made by Aparāditya on the occasion of a lunar eclipse, on Monday, the 15th tithi of the bright fortnight of Āśvina in the expired Śaka year 1061.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
context information

The history and geography of India includes names of areas, cities, countries and other regions of India, as well as historical dynasties, rulers, tribes and various local traditions, languages and festivals. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom but primarely encourages the path of Dharma, incorporated into religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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