Griha, aka: Gṛha; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Griha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Gṛha can be transliterated into English as Grha or Griha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Gṛha (गृह) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, the Mānasāra XIX.108-12 and the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, all populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Gṛha (गृह) is the name for a “building” that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The terms—bhavana, gṛha, niveśana, ālaya, veśma, āyatana, aṭṭālaka etc. have been used in the Nīlamata for buildings but it is not possible to distinguish between the significance of one term and the other. No example of the period of the Nīlamata has been preserved. The Nīlamata says nothing about the building-materials. All that is known about the houses mentioned in the Nīlamata is that those had doors and ventilators and were whitewashed. The decoration of houses with fruits, leaves and garlands of rice-plants is also referred to.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Gṛha (गृह).—Of mud becomes secure by mud plaster—illustrative of body being nourished by vegetables and rice.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 15. 29.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Gṛha (गृह) is used in the singular, or oftener in the plural, to denote the ‘house’ of the Vedic Indian. Dama or Dam has the same sense, while Pastyā and Harmya denote more especially the home with its surroundings, the family settlement. The house held not only the family, which might be of considerable size, but also the cattle and the sheep at night. It was composed of several rooms, as the use of the plural indicates, and it could be securely shut up. The door (dvār, dvāra) is often referred to, and from it the house is called Duroṇa. In every house the fire was kept burning.6

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Gṛha (गृह) refers to “houses” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by the Bodhisattva, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “houses (gṛha) such as dwellings (harmya), palaces (rājakula), temples (prāsāda), etc., built of earth, wood or precious objects, to protect from cold (śīta), heat (uṣṇa), wind (vāta), rain (vṛṣṭi), thieves (caura)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Gṛha.—cf. ghara (EI 7), a caitya; a cave. Cf. gṛha-mukha. Note: gṛha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

gṛha (गृह).—n (S) A house.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gṛha (गृह).—m A house.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gṛha (गृह).—[gṛhyate dharmācaraṇāya, grah gehārthe ka Tv.]

1) A house, dwelling, habitation, mansion; न गृहं गृहमित्याहुर्गृहिणी गृह- मुच्यते (na gṛhaṃ gṛhamityāhurgṛhiṇī gṛha- mucyate) Pt.4.81,5.15; पश्य वानरमूर्खेण सुगृही निर्गृहीकृतः (paśya vānaramūrkheṇa sugṛhī nirgṛhīkṛtaḥ) Pt. 1.39.

2) A wife; (the first quotation in

1) is sometimes erroneously cited as an illustration).

3) The life of a householder; न हि सति कुलधुर्ये सूर्यवंश्या गृहाय (na hi sati kuladhurye sūryavaṃśyā gṛhāya) R.7. 71,5.1; Mv.4.28.

4) A sign of the zodiac.

5) A name or appellation.

6) A square (in chess or any other game).

-hāḥ (m. pl.)

1) A house, dwelling; इमे नो गृहाः (ime no gṛhāḥ) Mu.1; स्फटिकोपलविग्रहा गृहाः शशभृद्भित्तनिरङ्कभित्तयः (sphaṭikopalavigrahā gṛhāḥ śaśabhṛdbhittaniraṅkabhittayaḥ) N.2.74; तत्रागारं धनपतिगृहानुत्तरेणास्मदीयम् (tatrāgāraṃ dhanapatigṛhānuttareṇāsmadīyam) Me.77.

2) A wife; अथावलोककोऽगच्छद्गृहानेकः परावसुः (athāvalokako'gacchadgṛhānekaḥ parāvasuḥ) Mb.3.138.4.

3) The inhabitants of a house, family; the life of a householder; गृहानुत्सृज्य यो राजन् मोक्षमेवाभिपद्यते (gṛhānutsṛjya yo rājan mokṣamevābhipadyate) Mb.12.16.29.

-haḥ Ved. An assistant, or servant; गृहो याम्यरंकृतो देवेभ्यो हव्यवाहनः (gṛho yāmyaraṃkṛto devebhyo havyavāhanaḥ) Rv.1.119.13. In comp. oft. rendered by 'domestic', 'household' or 'tame'; e. g. °कपोतः (kapotaḥ) 'a tame pigeon'; °कार्याणि-कर्माणि (kāryāṇi-karmāṇi) 'household duties'; ° शकु- न्तिका (śaku- ntikā) 'tame bird'; छद्मना परिददामि मृत्यवे सौनिको गृहशकुन्तिका- मिव (chadmanā paridadāmi mṛtyave sauniko gṛhaśakuntikā- miva) U.1.45 &c.

Derivable forms: gṛham (गृहम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gṛha (गृह).—n.

(-haṃ) 1. A hous, a mansion, a habitation in general. 2. A wife: (in these senses the plural is always masculine, gṛhāḥ) 3. A name, an appellation. E. gṛh to receive or take, (grain, goods, &c.) affix ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 317 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Rajagriha
Rājagṛha (राजगृह) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmat...
Garbhagriha
Garbhagṛha (गर्भगृह) is only the physical structure. It is transformed into sannidhi after the ...
Grihastha
Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ).—m. (-sthaḥ) A householder, the man of the second class, or he who, after hav...
Grihapati
Gṛhapati (गृहपति).—m. (-tiḥ) 1. A house. holder, a man of the second class, or who after having...
Devagriha
Devagṛha (देवगृह).—n. (-haṃ) 1. A celestial or planetary sphere, the dwelling of the gods. 2. A...
Grihadevata
Grihadevata or Kuladevata refers to “family deities”.—The age of Puranas introduced into the Ve...
Antargriha
Antargṛha (अन्तर्गृह).—n. (-haṃ) An inner apartment. E. antar within, and gṛha a house.
Sutikagriha
Sutikagriha refers to a type of building adorned with pictures.—Chitrasala was only the buildin...
Latagriha
Latāgṛha (लतागृह).—a bower surrounded with creepers, an arbour; latāgṛhadvāragato 'tha nandī Ku...
Grihabhumi
Gṛhabhūmi (गृहभूमि).—f. (-miḥ) The site of a habitation. E. gṛha a house, and bhūmi ground.
Grihabhanga
Gṛhabhaṅga (गृहभङ्ग).—m. (-ṅgaḥ) 1. An exile, one who is driven from his house. 2. Family decay...
Kharagriha
Kharagṛha (खरगृह).—n. (-haṃ) An ass’s stable. E. khara an ass, and gṛha a house.
Grihakacchapa
Gṛhakacchapa (गृहकच्छप).—m. (-paḥ) A small flat oblong stone, used for grinding condiments, &am...
Samudragriha
Samudragṛha (समुद्रगृह).—n. (-haṃ) A sort of pleasure or summer house, built in the midst of wa...
Grihadasa
Gṛhadāsa (गृहदास).—mf. (-saḥ-sī) A domestic slave. E. gṛha, and dāsa a slave.

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