Griha, Gṛha: 18 definitions



Griha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Gṛha can be transliterated into English as Grha or Griha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Gṛha (गृह) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, the Mānasāra XIX.108-12 and the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, all populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Gṛha (गृह) refers to “temple § 4.2.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Gṛha (गृह) is the name for a “building” that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The terms—bhavana, gṛha, niveśana, ālaya, veśma, āyatana, aṭṭālaka etc. have been used in the Nīlamata for buildings but it is not possible to distinguish between the significance of one term and the other. No example of the period of the Nīlamata has been preserved. The Nīlamata says nothing about the building-materials. All that is known about the houses mentioned in the Nīlamata is that those had doors and ventilators and were whitewashed. The decoration of houses with fruits, leaves and garlands of rice-plants is also referred to.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gṛha (गृह).—Of mud becomes secure by mud plaster—illustrative of body being nourished by vegetables and rice.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 15. 29.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Gṛha (गृह) is used in the singular, or oftener in the plural, to denote the ‘house’ of the Vedic Indian. Dama or Dam has the same sense, while Pastyā and Harmya denote more especially the home with its surroundings, the family settlement. The house held not only the family, which might be of considerable size, but also the cattle and the sheep at night. It was composed of several rooms, as the use of the plural indicates, and it could be securely shut up. The door (dvār, dvāra) is often referred to, and from it the house is called Duroṇa. In every house the fire was kept burning.6

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gṛha (गृह) refers to “houses” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by the Bodhisattva, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “houses (gṛha) such as dwellings (harmya), palaces (rājakula), temples (prāsāda), etc., built of earth, wood or precious objects, to protect from cold (śīta), heat (uṣṇa), wind (vāta), rain (vṛṣṭi), thieves (caura)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gṛha.—cf. ghara (EI 7), a caitya; a cave. Cf. gṛha-mukha. Note: gṛha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gṛha (गृह).—n (S) A house.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gṛha (गृह).—m A house.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gṛha (गृह).—[gṛhyate dharmācaraṇāya, grah gehārthe ka Tv.]

1) A house, dwelling, habitation, mansion; न गृहं गृहमित्याहुर्गृहिणी गृह- मुच्यते (na gṛhaṃ gṛhamityāhurgṛhiṇī gṛha- mucyate) Pt.4.81,5.15; पश्य वानरमूर्खेण सुगृही निर्गृहीकृतः (paśya vānaramūrkheṇa sugṛhī nirgṛhīkṛtaḥ) Pt. 1.39.

2) A wife; (the first quotation in

1) is sometimes erroneously cited as an illustration).

3) The life of a householder; न हि सति कुलधुर्ये सूर्यवंश्या गृहाय (na hi sati kuladhurye sūryavaṃśyā gṛhāya) R.7. 71,5.1; Mv.4.28.

4) A sign of the zodiac.

5) A name or appellation.

6) A square (in chess or any other game).

-hāḥ (m. pl.)

1) A house, dwelling; इमे नो गृहाः (ime no gṛhāḥ) Mu.1; स्फटिकोपलविग्रहा गृहाः शशभृद्भित्तनिरङ्कभित्तयः (sphaṭikopalavigrahā gṛhāḥ śaśabhṛdbhittaniraṅkabhittayaḥ) N.2.74; तत्रागारं धनपतिगृहानुत्तरेणास्मदीयम् (tatrāgāraṃ dhanapatigṛhānuttareṇāsmadīyam) Me.77.

2) A wife; अथावलोककोऽगच्छद्गृहानेकः परावसुः (athāvalokako'gacchadgṛhānekaḥ parāvasuḥ) Mb.3.138.4.

3) The inhabitants of a house, family; the life of a householder; गृहानुत्सृज्य यो राजन् मोक्षमेवाभिपद्यते (gṛhānutsṛjya yo rājan mokṣamevābhipadyate) Mb.12.16.29.

-haḥ Ved. An assistant, or servant; गृहो याम्यरंकृतो देवेभ्यो हव्यवाहनः (gṛho yāmyaraṃkṛto devebhyo havyavāhanaḥ) Rv.1.119.13. In comp. oft. rendered by 'domestic', 'household' or 'tame'; e. g. °कपोतः (kapotaḥ) 'a tame pigeon'; °कार्याणि-कर्माणि (kāryāṇi-karmāṇi) 'household duties'; ° शकु- न्तिका (śaku- ntikā) 'tame bird'; छद्मना परिददामि मृत्यवे सौनिको गृहशकुन्तिका- मिव (chadmanā paridadāmi mṛtyave sauniko gṛhaśakuntikā- miva) U.1.45 &c.

Derivable forms: gṛham (गृहम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛha (गृह).—n.

(-haṃ) 1. A hous, a mansion, a habitation in general. 2. A wife: (in these senses the plural is always masculine, gṛhāḥ) 3. A name, an appellation. E. gṛh to receive or take, (grain, goods, &c.) affix ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛha (गृह).—i. e. grah + a, 1. m. (sing. and pl. and) n. A house, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 89; 4, 250; 4, 202. 2. m. pl. Family, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 2, 7. 3. (m. pl. and) n. A wife, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 152.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛha (गृह).—[masculine] a servant (lit. who grasps or lays hold on anything); [neuter] house (as the receiving or containing), mansion, habitation (also [masculine] [plural], sgl. only in Veda); temple, bower (mostly —°), sign of the zodiac; [masculine] [plural] inhabitants of a house, a family.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gṛha (गृह):—[from gṛbh] m. an assistant, servant, [Ṛg-veda x, 119, 13]

2) [v.s. ...] (m. sg. and [plural], in later language m. [plural] and n. sg.) a house, habitation, home, [Ṛg-veda] (mṛn-maya g, ‘house of earth’, grave, [vii, 89, 1]), [Atharva-veda] (adharād g, ‘the lower world’, [ii, 14, 3]) etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc. f(ā). , [Rāmāyaṇa i, 5, 9]; f(ī). , [Pañcatantra i, 17, 5])

4) [v.s. ...] ifc. with names of gods ‘a temple’ (cf. caṇḍikā-, devatā-), of plants ‘a bower’

5) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] a house as containing several rooms, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] the inhabitants of a house, family, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 2, 7; Kathāsaritsāgara xx, 21]

7) [v.s. ...] domestic or family life, [Jātakamālā]

8) [v.s. ...] a wife, [Pāṇini 3-1, 144; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

9) [v.s. ...] m. a householder, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa xi, 8, 9]

10) [v.s. ...] n. a wife, [Pañcatantra iii, 7, 13]

11) [v.s. ...] a sign of the zodiac, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā vci, civ]

12) [v.s. ...] an astrological mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka i, iv f.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of the 4th astrological mansion, [i, 16]

14) [v.s. ...] a square (in chess or in any similar game), [Kādambarī i, 48; Pāṇini 5-2, 9, Kaiyaṭa, kaiyyaṭa]

15) [v.s. ...] a name, appellation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. anti-, bhumi-, śayyā-, su)

16) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] geredha; Got. gards; [Latin] hortus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gṛha (गृह):—(ū, ṅa) garhate 1. d. To take, to receive. (ka, ṅa) garhayate. 10. d. Idem.

2) (haṃ) 1. n. A house; wife; name.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Gṛha (गृह):—

--- OR ---

Gṛha (गृह):—

3) gṛhaiḥ saha mit der Familie [Kathāsaritsāgara 20, 21.] gāḍho gṛheṣu grahaḥ [Spr. 1973.] = gṛhastha [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 8, 9.] —

4) auch ein astrologisches Haus [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 1, 16. 4, 20. 5, 13.] —

6) Bez. des 4ten astrologischen Hauses [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 1, 16.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Gṛha (गृह):——

1) m. der Handreichung thut , Diener.

2) m. n. (später) Haus , Wohnstatt. mṛnmaya so v.a. Grab. adharāt die Unterwelt. Sehr häutig Pl. das Haus als ein aus mehreren Räumen und Gebäuden bestehendes. In Verbindung mit einem Götternamen Tempel , mit einem Pflanzennamen Laube [305,11.] —

3) m. Pl. — a) die Bewohner des Hauses , die Familie. — b) Hausfrau , Gattin.

4) m. Haushalter , -herr.

5) n. — a) Zodiakalbild. — b) ein astrologisches Haus. — c) das 4te astrologische Haus. — d) Feld auf einem Spielbrett [Indische studien von Weber 13,472.] [Kād. (1872) 6,9.] — e) *Name.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Gṛha (गृह) [Also spelled grah]:—(nm) a residence; —[udyoga] cottage industry; —[kalaha] internecine quarrels; —[prabaṃdha] household management: —[praveśa] house-warming ceremony; ~[yuddha] civil war; ~[lakṣmī] (a deferential term for) a housewife; ~[svāminī] mistress of the household; ~[svāmī] master of the household.

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