Prabhavana, Prabhāvanā, Prabhāvana: 11 definitions


Prabhavana means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Prabhavana in Jainism glossary
Source: Jaina Yoga

1) Prabhāvanā (प्रभावना) refers to “good works” and represents an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the aṅga heading, according to various Jain authors (e.g., Pūjyapāda, Samantabhadra, Cāmuṇḍarāya, Somadeva and Amṛtacandra).

2) Prabhāvanā is also classified under the bhūṣaṇa heading according to Hemacandra in his 12th century Yogaśāstra verse 2.16. Prabhāvanā covers anything done to spread the Jaina faith and increase the consideration in which it is held. For Somadeva, in his Yaśastilaka prabhāvanā may take the form of the practice of almsgiving, celebration of festivals, setting up of images, or building of temples. The glory of the Jina’s teaching, says Samantabhadra (in his Ratna-Karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra), is to be illuminated by removing the darkness of ignorance. Prabhāvanā for Amṛtacandra, in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya, would be expressed in almsgiving, feats of asceticism, pūja, and study. Hemacandra, in his 12th century Yogaśāstra, distinguishes several types of persons (prabhāvakas) who are responsible for this bhūṣaṇa: experts in the Jaina canon, reciters of religious stories, debaters, astrologers, those who practise religious asceticism, those who are learned in the sciences, and those who are conversant with magic spells.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Prabhāvanā (प्रभावना) refers to “promulgation of Jain doctrine” and represents one of the Guṇas (“qualities”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajranābha acquired strong Tirthakṛt-body-making and family-karma by the twenty sthānakas as follows:—[...] The ninth [sthānaka] is right-belief, free from the faults of doubt, etc., adorned with the qualities of firmness, etc. [viz., prabhāvanā-guṇa], characterized by tranquillity, etc. [...] The twentieth is the propagation of the doctrine by Vidyās, prognostication, literary composition, discussion, discourses on dharma, etc. [viz., prabhāvanā] Of these (i.e., of the twenty) one is cause for gaining tīrthakṛtnāma-karma”.

The guṇas [viz., prabhāvanā] are: firmness in Jain doctrine (sthairya); promulgation of Jain doctrine (prabhāvanā); devotion to Jain doctrine (bhakti); expertness in it (kauśala); service to the tīrthas (tirthasevā). The tīrtha is either dravyatīrtha, places where the Tīrthakṛts were born, received initiation, kevalajñāna, and attained mokṣa; or bhāva-tīrtha, the fourfold congregation, or the chief Gaṇadhara.—(cf. Yogaśāstra 2.17.)

The eight divisions of prabhāvanā are (Cf. note 120 and Yogaśāstra 2.16, p. 65).:—

  1. Pravacin, one who knows the scriptures;
  2. Dharmakathin, one who delivers admirable religious lectures;
  3. Vādin, one who holds disputations;
  4. Naimittika, one who knows or teaches prognostication;
  5. Tapasvin, one who practices severe penance;
  6. Vidyāvat, one who has the Vidyās, Prajñapti, etc., as attendant deities;
  7. Siddha, one who has obtained magic powers;
  8. Kavi, one who composes literary productions.
Source: HereNow4U: Social Implication of Enlightened World View

Prabhāvanā (प्रभावना) refers to “spreading/advertising the greatness of Jain doctrines” and represents one of the eight aṅgas (requirements), needed for attaining the right faith. Firm belief in ones goal is the basic milestone for attaining that goal. Unwavering faith only can work like a miracle because firm faith leads to personal commitment for achieving that goal and gives us boldness to face the challenges incoming while proceeding towards the aimed goal.

The eighth limb (aṅga), prabhāvanā, means affection towards spiritual brethren. Prabhāvanā-aṅga is nothing but spreading the spiritual message of tīrthaṅkaras by oration, by singing a song, by holding seminars and symposium. So the prabhāvanā is illumination, which leads one to such positive actions as celebrating holy days of tīrthaṅkaras birth, nirvāṇas etc., arranging for the distribution of sacred texts etc. for spreading Jainism. Few mūrtipujaka Jains believe prabhāvanā in building temples, erecting Jina images, undertaking pilgrimages to Jain holy places and donating money for hospitals, animal shelters and the like. They believe all such activities illuminate, the Jain religion into the world.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Prabhāvanā (प्रभावना) refers to “glorification of the creed” and represents one of the eight limbs of samyagdṛṣṭi (“right faith”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of prabhavana in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabhavana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabhavana (प्रभवन).—

1) Production.

2) Source, origin.

Derivable forms: prabhavanam (प्रभवनम्).

--- OR ---

Prabhāvana (प्रभावन).—a.

1) Prominent, influential.

2) Creating, creative; एते प्रदेशाः कथिता भुवनानां प्रभावनाः (ete pradeśāḥ kathitā bhuvanānāṃ prabhāvanāḥ) Mb.12.28.1.

3) Explaining, disclosing; तदस्त्रं तस्य वीरस्य स्वर्गमार्गप्रभा- वनम् (tadastraṃ tasya vīrasya svargamārgaprabhā- vanam) Rām.4.17.8.

-naḥ Creator.

-nā 1 Promulgation (of a doctrine).

2) Disclosing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhavana (प्रभवन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Being born or produced. 2. Ruling, presiding. E. pra before, bhū to be, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabhavana (प्रभवन):—[=pra-bhavana] [from pra-bhava > pra-bhū] n. production, source, origin (ifc. ‘springing from’; cf. meru-prabh and, [Pāṇini 8-4, 34 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

2) [v.s. ...] ruling, presiding (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Prabhāvana (प्रभावन):—[=pra-bhāvana] [from pra-bhava > pra-bhū] mf(ī)n. ([from] [Causal]) creating, creative, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] explaining, disclosing (= prakāśaka), [Rāmāyaṇa] ([Bombay edition])

5) [v.s. ...] m. creator, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

6) Prabhāvanā (प्रभावना):—[=pra-bhāvanā] [from pra-bhāvana > pra-bhava > pra-bhū] f. disclosing, revealing, promulgation (of a doctrine), [Hemacandra’s Yoga-śāstra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabhavana (प्रभवन):—[pra-bhavana] (naṃ) 1. n. Being born; ruling.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prabhāvana (प्रभावन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pabhāvaṇa, Pabhāvaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prabhavana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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