Shurangama, Śūraṅgama, Suraṅgama: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Shurangama means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śūraṅgama can be transliterated into English as Surangama or Shurangama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Suraṅgama (सुरङ्गम) is the name of a Bodhisattva commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—his color is white; his symbol is the sword.

Suraṅgama is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (Durgatipariśodhana-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Suraṅgama is white in colour. He holds the sword in the right hand, while the clenched left is placed on the hip”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Suraṅgama (सुरङ्गम) refers to one of the sixteen Bhadrakalpa Bodhisattvas, according to the Niṣpannayogāvalī 44ff and Abhayākaragupta’s Durgatipariśodhana-maṇḍala (Cf. Niṣpannayogāvalī 66ff.).—A set of sixteen Bodhisattvas often supplements the deities of the Tattvasaṃgraha in later Vajradhātu-maṇḍala descriptions. These are generally the sixteen Bodhisattvas of the present aeon (bhadrakalpa) [e.g., Suraṅgama], as described for example in Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī Vajradhātu-maṇḍala.—Cf. also Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī and Abhayākaragupta’s forty-three deity Mañjuvajra-maṇḍala (Tricatvāriṃśadātmakamañjuvajra-maṇḍala: see Niṣpannayogāvalī 50)

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of shurangama or surangama in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shurangama in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Śūraṅgama (शूरङ्गम, “heroic march”) refers to one of the “four concentrations” (samādhi) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 136). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., śūraṅgama). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

See also (Relevant definitions)

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